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The common root

Author(s): Kishore Saint
Issue Date: Jan 31, 1994
Sacred groves are the embodiment of a multitude of human impulses, energies, relations and creeds. But, lack of holistic perspective leads to a dangerous reduction of this wide spectrum to a one-dimensional rationalisation. From there, it is only a short step to theological, legal and technological definitions, leading to appropriation of the concept of scared groves by the dominant systems of religion, state and the market.

From butterfly to caterpillar

Author(s): Ajay S Rawat
Issue Date: Jan 31, 1994
A reverse metamorphosis is taking place in Naini Tal: a beautiful butterfly is changing into an ugly caterpillar. Pollution of the Naini lake, illegal construction, land encroachment, faulty planning and lopsided tourism development is ruining Naini Tal. Its very existence, especially that of the lake, is endangered. Technology alone cannot solve this problem: there must be an awareness that the people and the landscape are an inextricable whole.

Need for an overhaul

Author(s): Anders Wijkman
Issue Date: Jan 31, 1994
Whichever way we look at the future, nobody can deny that today's world is in deep crisis. The central task must be to provide adequate living conditions for a growing world population that restores and maintains a sustainable relationship with nature. This is not only a moral imperative but a question of global security.

'Nature's gardeners' to the fore

Author(s): Ram Etwareea
Issue Date: Jan 15, 1994
AS THE December 15 deadline of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) approached, European farmers occupied centre stage by protesting various points of the agreement and forcing their respective governments to take uncompromising stands. While European and American agricultural negotiators pledged tariff cuts, farmers from all over Europe gathered in Geneva to oppose any farm deal that will require any sacrifice on their part.

Going public

Author(s): Sanjay Ghose
Issue Date: Jan 15, 1994
FOR CENTURIES, the people of western Rajasthan have depended on uncertain rain for their feeble attempts at settled agriculture and for drinking purposes. The scarcity has given the people a sense of conservation that is remarkable by modern standards. Children are bathed in shallow metal containers and the water is then mixed in cattle feed. The other ingredients of the feed are mainly crop residues and by-products.

The global environmental fiasco

Author(s): Karan Kapoor
Issue Date: Jan 15, 1994
NEGOTIATIONS on how to structure a more democratic Global Environment Facility (GEF), which will finance the environmental treaties signed at the Earth Summit, broke down once again in Cartagena, Colombia, in December 1993. Participating countries were unable to agree to the proposed changes to restructure the GEF, set up by the World Bank with the United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Environment Programme.

Cut it out

Author(s): L A K Singh
Issue Date: Dec 31, 1993
As if the destruction of habitats and its impact on the normal behaviour of various species wasn't enough, there are now suggestions encouraging amputation of animal parts attractive to poachers (IUCN Bulletin, 1993, No 1). It is a shocking proposition that wildlife managers should cut the tusks from elephants and horns from rhinos to make these animals unattractive to poachers. But, bad habits die hard. The poachers may soon find bones of elephants and rhinos as attractive as tiger bones.

The Eklingapura experience

Issue Date: Dec 31, 1993
NESTLED in the hills of the Aravallis about 12 km from Udaipur, Eklingapura shines as one of the first successful instances of participatory forest management.

And miles to go before we meet

Author(s): William Moomaw
Issue Date: Dec 31, 1993
AN UNEQUAL world will always be a divided world -- and a divided world can never be sustainable. During the last year and a half of my "academic existence" in Cambridge, Massachusetts, I had many opportunities -- mainly through the Coolidge Centre for Environmental Leadership -- to speak to various organisations concerned about the environment.

'Spare parts' for sale

Author(s): Arvind Kala
Issue Date: Dec 15, 1993
THERE'S an unanticipated hurdle to the Indian government's Transplantation of Human Organs Bill (THOB), 1992, which allows collection of organs for transplant from bodies of accident victims and "brain-dead" individuals with the permission of their next-of-kin. The government seems not to have realised that, in a backward country like India, will grieving relatives allow doctors to remove organs from the body?
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