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Delhi's two faces: One rich, the other poor

Author(s): Mridula Garg
Issue Date: May 15, 1993
I LIVE in Delhi, India's capital and one of its oldest cities. Seven times it has experienced a violent death and like the phoenix, seven times it has risen from its ashes. The city's historical monuments span its founding by the Pandavas who called it Indraprastha to its seventh incarnation, the New Delhi of the British Raj.

Thais dig deep into wallets for songbirds

Issue Date: May 15, 1993
THAILAND is literally a land of happy people for in the local language, thai means happy. The Thais are nature lovers and they are so fond of songbirds, they keep them as pets. Often, houses in Bangkok, the capital, have a decorated cage in which a bird coos melodiously. But unlike Indians, who have a penchant for parrots, mynahs, pigeons and love birds, the Thais prefer doves.

Debt-burdened Indonesia bows to World Bank

Author(s): Hira Jhamtani
Issue Date: May 15, 1993
THOUGH the implementation of a structural adjustment programme has yet to be announced by either Indonesia or the World Bank, recent events indicate such a step has already been taken. The 1993-94 Indonesian budget increases total income-tax revenue by 36 per cent and also raises the cost of transport, electricity and essential commodities. Both moves closely follow World Bank recommendations in its 1992 report.

Opium dreams lull most youth in UP district

Author(s): Parshuram Ray
Issue Date: May 15, 1993
VISIT the villages of Ghazipur district in Uttar Pradesh and the sight of flourishing kutir udyog (cottage industry) could lead you to 'anti-Gandhian' violence. About 2,000 people in the poppy-growing district are reportedly engaged in the lucrative but illegal manufacture on a cottage-industry basis of drugs derived from opium. Thousands more are involved in their sale.

Chipko's triumphs extend beyond the forest

Issue Date: Apr 30, 1993
TWENTY years ago, the people of the remote Garhwal village of Mandal decided to resist commercial felling of the trees on which they depended for their basic needs. Their resistance soon spread to other parts of Garhwal and Kumaon, where local pressures on the area's limited grazing resources had reduced them to near unsustainability.

Personality clashes lead to internal schisms

Author(s): Ramachandra Guha
Issue Date: Apr 30, 1993
CHIPKO was the culmination of a century of popular resistance to commercial forestry in the Uttarakhand Himalaya. And its timing was right.

The dream remains confined to Garhwal

Author(s): Madhav Gadgil
Issue Date: Apr 30, 1993
THE BRITISH blamed the improvidence of the Indian peasantry for the destruction of India's forest wealth.

Uneducated villagers bring about a miracle

Author(s): Anupam Mishra
Issue Date: Apr 30, 1993
AS A PEOPLE'S movement, Chipko's achievements are well beyond the ordinary. Launched by a small organisation called the Dasholi Gram Samaj Mandal in the tiny village of Gopeshwar in the Garhwal region of Uttar Pradesh, Chipko exerted an immense impact on environmental movements throughout the world. This, despite Chipko's members being mostly simple, uneducated villagers.

Putting an end to commercialisation

Author(s): Virendra Kumar
Issue Date: Apr 30, 1993
WHEN I first visited the Alaknanda valley in the 1960s, there were few footprints on the path leading to the Hemkund-Lokpal shrine and the Valley of Flowers and nature was resplendent in all its pristine glory.

Education must boost unity, end superstition

Author(s): Brahm P Gupta
Issue Date: Apr 15, 1993
THE PEOPLE'S level of education is considered an index of development and a nation's potential for growth. The concept of education needs to be defined in the context of its ability to meet the challenge of social change.
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