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Cholera

Cholera epidemic in Angola on the rise

Issue Date: Jun 30, 2006
With nine deaths on May 23, the toll in a cholera epidemic in Angola has gone up to 1,374 , according to who. The outbreak was declared in mid-February this year. Official reports say 38,422 cases have been reported and 12 of Angola's 18 provinces affected. The main cause for the outbreak is said to be poor hygiene, lack of potable water and environmental pollution. The onset of the rainy season has worsened the situation.

In short

Issue Date: Jun 30, 2005
axis of trade: Iran is set to join the World Trade Organisation (WTO), after the recent decision by the US to end a diplomatic block that had prevented its entry into the international body since 1996. The USapproval was aimed at stimulating talks held in Geneva between Iran and the EU on the former's nuclear energy programme. US secretary of state Condoleezza Rice described the move as an intensification of the country's relations with the EU. US trade sanctions on Iran, in place since 1979, will remain in force.

Cholera control

Issue Date: Jun 15, 2005
an international study suggests cholera epidemics may end due to prolific growth of viruses called cholera phages that eat the disease-causing bugs.

Mucky transfer

Author(s): Ramya Viswanath
Issue Date: Apr 30, 2004
on the night of March 4, 35-year-old Chandramma of Anchetti village in Tamil Nadu's (tn) Krishnagiri district died after a severe bout of vomiting. The next day, five more people with similar symptoms expired in Anchetti and Takkati, a neighbouring village. By March 8, the toll had risen to eight.

Changing genes make cholera pathogen indomitable

Author(s): T V Jayan
Issue Date: Feb 15, 2004
despite its genome sequenced three years ago, the cholera bacterium continues to dodge all efforts aimed at combating its menace. Now, scientists from the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), have found out how Vibrio cholerae, the bacterium, renders the 'medicinal ammunition' futile.

Misery compounded

Issue Date: Sep 30, 2003
For long the victims of poverty, hunger and institutional neglect, the dwindling tribe of Pahari Korbas now has another menace to contend with -- cholera. A severe outbreak of the disease is threatening their populations inhabiting the villages of Chhattisgarh's Jaspur district. Even as the disease continues to claim lives -- some estimates put the number of dead at over 30 -- the administrative set-up has shown no urgency in dealing with the crisis.

Stopping cholera with a sari

Issue Date: Feb 28, 2003
use of old saris to filter drinking water has halved the number of cholera cases in remote Bangladeshi villages. The saris help decrease cholera cases as effectively as the expensive nylon filters supplied by the World Health Organization.

Hotlinks

Issue Date: Sep 30, 2002
the link between climate and cholera, a serious health problem in many parts of the world, has become stronger in recent decades, shows a recent study conducted by researchers from the University of Michigan, University of Barcelona and the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research in Bangladesh.

Satellite control

Issue Date: Jul 15, 2002
There is emerging hope that the incidence of cholera might be reduced due to early warning signals emitted by satellite images. Under a new project, the National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (niced) -- in collaboration with the Indian Space Research Organisation -- is developing a unique system of forecasting possible outbreak of the dreaded disease. The project uses the correlation between plankton bloom and outbreak of cholera in the coastal belt of India to predict a possible outbreak.

Energising solutions

Issue Date: May 15, 2002
an improved formulation of oral rehydration solution (ors) has been recently approved by the World Health Organisation (who) and the United Nations Children's Fund (unicef). It is soon going to be endorsed by the Indian government.
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