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India tops nations vulnerable to disasters, displacement

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Date:Jun 7, 2013

A new global report states South Asia had maximum number of people displaced last year, underscoring the region’s vulnerability to devastating natural disasters

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More people were displaced in India by natural disasters last year than in any other country, a new global report states.

Incessant floods, triggered by monsoon, in the north-eastern states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh caused most of the displacement, according to the report, titled Global Estimates 2012, People displaced by disasters, prepared by the International Displacement Monitoring Centre, an organisation that tracks internal displacements worldwide.

Emergency aid didn’t reach many who were forced to move out after their homes were destroyed, the report states. “Humanitarian assistance by the government, the Indian Red Cross and NGOs was unable to cover all affected areas,” it says.

Displacement data compiled in the report indicates vulnerability patterns of countries and regions to different kinds of natural disasters. Use these interactive graphics to explore the trends.

Countries affected in 2012

People were displaced at least once last year in 82 countries because of natural disasters. Nigeria ranked second in the list of countries where large number of people were displaced, followed by China, Philippines, Pakistan and the United States, in that order. Bangladesh was ranked seventh. All 82 countries are plotted here on a colour-graded map.

Darker shade indicates more displacements (see India, shaded darkest). Click on countries for more details. Click again to reset view.

Source: International Displacement Monitoring Centre
Which disasters caused more damage, and in which country

An analysis of all disasters that displaced 100,000 people or more last year shows floods were the most devastating, unsettling 22,693,130 people, which is more than double the number displaced by typhoons, the second most devastating disaster last year.

Floods were also widespread in many countries, unlike other disasters that were limited to certain areas. All types of disasters that displaced 100,000 people or more are shown below in this interactive graphic.

The bigger the circle, the larger the number of people displaced. Click on circles to see how many people were displaced in each country by a particular disaster. Click again to reset view.

Source: International Displacement Monitoring Centre
 
Which regions are more vulnerable?

South Asia recorded the maximum number of people displaced last year, underscoring the region’s vulnerability to devastating natural disasters and the need to build robust emergency aid programmes. The scale of impact of disasters on human lives in South Asia was much lower between 2008 and 2012, when East Asia and Pacific was the most affected. The table in the interactive graphic below shows how many people were displaced in which region last year and between 2008 and 2012.

Click on the region to see changes in scale between 2008-2012 and last year. Click again to reset view.

Source: International Displacement Monitoring Centre

 

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