States given the responsibility of expanding food security net to cover more households
The much awaited report of the parliamentary standing committee on the National Food Security Bill was submitted to the Lok Sabha speaker on January 17. This paves the way for the government to push for its enactment in the upcoming budget session in February.
Contrary to popular expectations, the report has not changed the scope and amount of subsidised foodgrain entitlement in the bill. Rather, it has shifted the responsibility of covering more population under the proposed law to states.
The committee sticks to the current bill's entitlement, covering 75 per cent of rural population and 50 per cent of urban population with five kilograms of foodgrains per capita. The report emphasises the need of single category of beneficiaries with uniform entitlements. The committee observes that categorisation for entitlements would be complicated and impractical to implement. The committee also recommends that all the allocation of foodgrains should be based on 2011 population estimates which may be reviewed every 10 years.
Extending responsibility to states, the committee says, “The state governments may be given the flexibility to extend the coverage beyond the numbers prescribed under the proposed bill out of their own resources so as to cover more population, but not less population as envisaged in the proposed bill.”
- Limit entitlements to a maximum of 75 per cent of rural population and 50 per cent the urban population. But not more than 46 per cent rural and 28 per cent urban population designed as priority households
- States should fund coverage extra to this maximum entitlements
- The government should devise clearly defined criteria in consultation with the state government for exclusion of 25 per cent in rural and 50 per cent population in urban areas
- Production of foodgrains must be given priority along with procurement in future to keep pace with the law's implementation, and thus the extra demands in future
The report stresses on evolving a mechanism of dealing with problems relating to food grains supply, its holding and upholding charges. The committee further recommends that the department of food and public distribution, the Food Corporation of India and the ministry of Railways may evolve a mechanism to deal with these problems.
The committee strongly recommends complete modernization and time-bound reforms in PDS. The committee has suggested computerisation of PDS operations and transparent recording of transactions at all levels by installing CCTV cameras.
The committee has also recommended Centre's sharing of one time infrastructure cost of the state as per its financial performance. It has suggested division of states into three categories—A,B, and C—as per their financial health. Category A states are those that are considered financially well off and they would not get any financial assistance. The Union government may provide financial assistance to the extent of 50 per cent to B category states and 75 per cent to C category states. This assistance would be for one time capital expenditure to be incurred on creation of infrastructure, constitution of state food commission and creation of storage facilities up to the block level.
The state exchequer would incur Rs 1,12,205 crore as food subsidy in 20012-13 if this bill gets implemented in the current form. The committee suggests the department to consult finance commission with regard to additional expenditure required to be borne by the states and Union territories for the implementation of the Food Security Bill, 2011.
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