very well said... Forests can only be protected if they are seen as invaluable resources that sustain life and not just as commodities for timber extraction
This has always been an interesting idea, but I think the green lobbyists need to exercise some caution. Over the years, they have learnt that the public are not that interested in counting carbon emissions, which is why the deforestation debate always focuses on tigers and orangutans. If they go down this line, they might find themselves "supporterless" and, without public backing, they just become interested individuals with a theory, and businesses will trounce them. That aside, there are other obvious questions: (1) Do plantations on peat stop it from drying out? (2) Does the carbon that new plantations absorb get reduced from the 35 figure? (3) How does this work for the paper industry? If pulp plantations are being harvested every 6 years or so, then over their life time, they will absorb more carbon that whatever is there now. Doesn't that make those plantations beneficial from a carbon perspective? The idea that taking any tree is bad is bad, and I think a more sophisticated model than "a magic number" is required.
Yes, surely the response in case of Cyclone Phailin has been very effective and prompt, but it owes to ground level preparedness involving communities and stakeholder groups including schools, NGOs, local administration, industry, etc. However, there are many lessons to be learnt for future from dealing with cyclone Phailin:
1. There is much difference in case of cyclone forewarning as compared to other hydro-met disasters like floods, flash floods, etc. IMD had given warning and alert 6-7 days in advance. However, the fact remains that despite of met forecast and warning with visuals, the actual action started only 20 hours or so before the actual landfall of cyclone. Before it, the situation was full of confusion and dullness as to what has to be done. That is the reason people were evacuated by force as well.
2. The affair of emergency response including evacuation and relief was efficient and effective, for which we efforts are appreciable. However, the efforts became successful and effective on their own as chance but not because they were undertaken in organised and well-planned manner. They were not as per the plans or drills, or were not much organised professionally. However, the dedication and seriousness of disaster managers, and challenge to show effective disaster response (at least after Uttarakhand disaster) fulled with commitment and energy to perform and sustain in efforts.
3. Human causalities, as direct result of cyclone, has been minimized or avoided. However, protection of livelihood, resources, industry, livestock and agriculture, farms & orchards, have not been possible. A large number of people when returned didnt find home and if found home (shelter) are devoid of livelihood, many lost their land as become unproductive - farms full of silt, sand, and saline ingress, trees uprooted, fish ponds destroyed, etc. In such situation, people are certain to face challenge to their living and many may migrate or die out of hunger, poverty and diseases in absence of capacity for treatment.
4. Coastal communities live on ecosystem services, and their all occupations are associated to ecosystems, even business and industry there are dependent of such services. How to save such services and restore after a disaster, is a big question.
5. Damage assessment in India, despite having good knowledge of EIA methods and mechanisms - tools, is very poor, is summarized with primary estimates of damages to life, injury, houses, crop loss, etc. but actually loss is not taken care of - no estimate of economic value of environmental losses, which actually govern major part of livelihood and local economy. This calls for undertaking research studies.
There are many more lessons, I mention here a few.
ANIL Gupta, NIDM
Why the Health Minister is silent on the corruption started from Government Health Institutions.Government Officer issued supply orders after getting commission.Verification Board verify the Medicines after getting Commission.Accountant released the Payment after getting Commission.Doctors make requisition of those Companies which pay huge commission. The most affected area which is grey is the procurement of Ayurvedic,Unani Medicines.IN the absence of standards , the procurement officer gets the requisition of such Medicines which never undergone any sort of investigations for efficacy and safety.Crores of Rupees were drained out to oblige such Companies Medicines. Central Government Health Scheme Ayurvedic Store invited Tender of such drugs by name after getting demand from local CGHS Doctors.
I am glad that the Planning Commission will be scrapped. Prime Minister Narendra Modi today announced disbanding of Planning Commission. In India too many policy bodies lacking co-ordination. Narendra Modiji's reforms are most welcome.
The only requirement was that some representatives of States should be present in it. Since it serves the NDC, it cant be a central government appendage. This lacuna is being filled.
The NGT Act is beneficial legislation so the construction of it may be done to enlarge its jurisdiction. So a narrow construction like the NGT Act limited to seven Acts as per annexe I is erroneous one.
The only way to remain safe of pesticides in India is to grow it yourself. I started taking Dabur honey in the morning and my teeth got stained badly within 15 days. It is a sign of very high antibiotic contents, like taking tetracycline tablets without knowledge. These teeth stains will not go on their own. God knows what other damage has been done inside my body by this "health" food.
Should we stop drinking Tea?
Arctic and Antarctic ice melt follow a warming and cooling cycle -- sea level change accordingly follow this. Rainfall follow natural rhythm. Temperature follow this in reverse order. On 23rd March 2014 -- World Meteorological Day -- WMO Secretary General issued a extreme weather events of 2013. In this report he said that the Southern Hemisphere Nations were warm and dry during 2013. This is due to human induced global warming. I responded on this saying that it is part of natural rhythm observed in rainfall of data of Southern Hemisphere nations. I referred my publications and future projections. All these were published in 80s.
Dr. S. Jeevananda Reddy