Thank you for documenting the processes by which the environment is being slowly destroyed at the behest of industrialists who seem to understand nothing except money making. Governments blindly committed to 'growth' are aiding this process. The UPA did it and now the BJP is rooting for industry like never before. The risks to the nation's health and resources are simply being ignored.
India Govt. should make a law and All wood based industry should be forced to develop an assigned degraded forest first as per guidelines of central forestry department and then extract wood only from that area and not other forests. This will force the industry to commit funds for 40 - 50 years for TEAK/ SAL development. Similarly paper industry should also be forced to grow their trees like poplar, safeda on nearby degraded forest trees areas. Then they should be permitted to cut only 8-10% area every year and again develop same area. Govt should force such scheme on forest industry. State can give research support and help the industry manager to train him how to plant trees and nurture for 10-15 years. It will be a revolution. Jai HInd
GROW MORE WOOD AND USE MORE WOOD.
Welcome Comment Sir.
The POLICY OF GROW MORE WOOD And USE MORE WOOD is very sustainable in long run. BUT FIRST GROW MORE WOOD instead of wasting foodgrains in godowns and allowing to rot in lacs of tons
I have shared a few thoughts in detail in my earlier post, but to this specific observation i would like the debate to include -
- There should be balanced land use whether it is farm land or forest land. Forest Land should have conservation role as well Production role to meet wood needs of society - Timber, furniture, paper, fuel (fire wood). Country today lacs policy on production role of forests involving all stakeholders. There is need for productivity improvement w.r.t. degraded forest areas
- farm land use decisions are in hands of farmers. She will do what is profitable for her.
- I am not sure whether the respondent is from urban or rural area, but it would be interesting to know how will you, as an individual, reduce paper consumption over one year period. Let us layout an experiment. Weigh every kind of paper at the door of our home (even if estimates are noted it is ok, if one has good estimate skill)- bags, books/ notebooks, writing books, photo copies, packing boxes, toothpaste box, soap box/ wrapper, tissue, napkins,news paper. Do it for 12 months and see how much we are able to reduce over 12 months. And then let us pass a bill for MINIMAL PAPER USAGE.
debate is welcome. With warm regards
First things first- Casurina in India is not grow on hills. It is grown all along coastal regions of Eastern India. Mostly grown in cyclone hit areas and saline soils where other crops do not grow well or fail due to cyclones. Trees survive.
Next, let us have a fair debate. There are abundant number of studies by FRI Dehradun, IFGTB Coimbtore, Oxford Forest Research Institute and various other international bodies about water uptake by tree vs agri crops in general and these specific trees vs other trees vs agri crops. The trees indicated have much lower water consumption per Unit of biomass produced than many others. Rice monocultures grown in non-traditional growing areas is reported to have much larger impact on water table where pumped water is used for paddy cultivation. If these studies cannot be believed one can lay her own experiment. So, let start with crude method. Let us also understand that commercial tree plantations are all rainfed and not irrigated by design. So, try to plant 10 any high water absorbing trees near a well and see the affect after 5 years and 10 years on the water table. Best results will be with assumption that well will not be used for pumped irrigation/ any kind major water supply scheme. Even if it is usual open well with normal irrigation purposes being fulfilled, the water table difference of the experimental well and other wells can be compared, evaluated and concluded
Sugarcane and Paddy have huge water requirements per Unit of biomass production and is well known. Should be abandon them.
Let us propose a few questions for debate -
- All of us want to use best quality paper, at lowest cost and with no pollution. and also we do not want the "forest" to supply wood to manufacturing plants. Now what is the best solution.
- If there are no trees, where will water come from in the rivers? Even fast growing trees are harvested at 4-5 years cycle and Good tree cover is maintained for 2-3 years. Social Forestry green cover is a huge area as reported in recent State of Forest 2013 by GOI
- And some times I wonder should we produce so much food? Have we studied how many lac tonnes is wasted every year. If we are not able to find some mechanism for proper storage after so many years of efforts and research, why grow it and allow it to ROT. Let us grow wood to cook whatever is not rotting in FCI godowns. We will save water and energy to grow that much food and instead grow sufficient wood to cook whatever we grow.
So far we have worked for FOOD SECURITY. Let us work for WOOD and WATER security also by increasing green cover. This will largely serve the small and medium farmers
"Growth for the sake of growth is the ideology of the cancer cell." - Edward Abbey.
Limited efforts to improve social and ecological security/ resilience important for sustaining a life is being slowly taken away from the from the poor and the voiceless. Policies such as these are only going to increase disparity. In the current trajectory we are headed headed towards civil wars, I can only hope the people in power ensure food and water security with healthcare for all.
We talk of corruption, we talk of foreign fund, we talk of media, we talk of many other issues role in elections. We never talk of freebees offered by political parties to get votes. This year in Andhra Praqdesh and Telangana states the parties that offered thousands/lakhs of crores worth feebees got elected. Unfortunately, the election commission and media were silent on this issue. Is it not a electoral fraud that needs put under corrupt practices. If this continues in all states, then no developments as the treasury will be bankrupt. This issue needs national level discussion.
Civil society activism was countered by media blackouts. That means money power played major role. Civil society activism is looking at narrow issues and some times they worse than crude politicians.
In Andhra Pradesh Telangana state elections lakhs of crores were spent and now they are trying to get it back through real estate. In the case of former, the government appointed a committee comprising of big shots in real estate business. Unfortunately, it is being part of NDA fully supporting the misadventures by TDP government at the state level. Then what should be the role of civil society???? Keep quite or fight against such tyranny!!!
Prior to 2004, TDP did the same thing but we exposed them through print media. This resulted loosing the power in 2004 and 2009 but now the situation is different. 90% of the state level TV channels are in the hands of TDP friends and even at national level the situation is same.
Now, civil society must start its fight on TV channels monopolization by individual/individual parties to improve the better rule and better lives for rural poor.
Dr. S. Jeevananda Reddy
How dumb Indian officials are. Rather than ban an export oriented industry, the government should actively encourage the growth of redsanders in private plantations for export so that it meet the ever growing Chinese demand and help earn valuable foreign exchange for arid regions like Rayalseems. With modern plant genetic science, it is easy to determine the DNA of plantation timber vs old growth forests. However, proper vigilance and law enforcement will help to beat the smugglers. Alas, I am just dreaming!
australian dairy farms, especially the A2 milk corp, does not retain the jersey breed for A2 milk. rather, the dairies choose cows producing A2 milk by DNA testing, from two crossbreeds: the AMZ - australian milking zebu (a cross between the sahiwal and jersey); and the australian friesan sahiwal(cross of sahiwal and friesan)