The government must build storage & drying facilities to overcome unseasonal rains.
The government must encourage traditional animal husbandry based farming system to minimize the risk.
The government must see that farmers get minimum support price -- this must be made mandatory to pay through checks/DDs.
Government must create farmers corporations -- avoid middlemen -- to export what they produce like rice, cotton, etc.
Government departments must look at the past agriculture farming and develop strategies including crop-wise boards.
Government must encourage cooperative farming at village and mandal levels. This will reduce the risk and bring down drastically the input costs and help better utilization of natural resources based on weather conditions. At present in India, we are wasting 40-50% of food and according the natural resources to that extent.
Government must stop wasting public money to get votes under the pretext of loan waiver schemes -- large part of it goes in to the pockets of politicians-bureaucrats-banks
Dr. S. Jeevanda Reddy
Free & open source software must be adopted in e-governance and in academic field.Knowledge Commission already recommended to adopt FOSS. FOSS is the best option for developing countries and also provide the freedom of software.
Unfortunately nobody talks of destruction of forests by vested groups -- even in court the issue goes round the killings. Neither the Human Rights Commission nor the Court asking the Tamil Nadu Government, Why they are encouraging the destruction of forests in AP???
Dr. S. Jeevananda Reddy
The decision of the NGT about 10 KM range from Okhla BIRD Sanctuary is very arbitrary and unjust as in Noida itself within 5 Km range there are tall buildings which are there for last so many years.Would the NGT order their demolition,or insist on its order about 10 KM range crashing the dreams of thousands of investors who have put their hard earned money to have an Ashiana of their own.
Hope NGT will withdraw its order and save the common man the pain of loosing their dream home.
Please let me know the latest statistics of rising cases of cancer in the North East and the relative facility enhancement to treat these cases.The doctor/patient and bed /patient ratio in B Barooah Cancer hospital , Guwahati. The availability of free medicine supply of the said hospital to supply to the poor may kindly be reported if possible.
The poor urban planning relates to congestion factor that proportionately raise the pollution levels and thus urban-heat-island effect at any given point. This relates to density of population, percent area of roads and vehicle density. By widening roads more vehicles come on to the roads. To decongest the congested area we need to shift all commercial activities to outscrits. This can be seen in Canberra the capital city of Australia. The second one is to provide fast and pollution free transport system like mono/metro rail systems. Never convert residential zones in to commercial zones. Never build multiplexes/skyscrapers in already congested zones.etc.
Also western system of town development is entirely different from Indian system. Unless we change,there is no way.
Dr. S. Jeevananda Reddy
As on April 2015 the % population of China, India & USA are 18.9%, 17.5% & 4.4%.
If we look at power production as % of total power production in India and USA, they are: under RES + Nuclear + Hydol = 34.0% & 29.5%; and for diesel + gas + coal = 66% & 68.7% at the end of August 2011.
This shows India’s share of clean energy is slightly higher than USA and per capita power consumption in India is far far lower than USA. This is quite obvious as climate conditions make the difference.
However, the point is that though we encourage alternate clean energy, with increasing power needs under growing population and power intensive technologies, we still need to increase thermal power production. Otherwise it collapses the system and thus economy.
We must wait until somebody develops a power production technology to replace thermal power production!!!
At the same time we must give importance to pollution [air, water, soil & food] that has an impact on national economy and as they pump more pollution in to the atmosphere instead of harping on carbon dioxide [anthropogenic greenhouse gases] and global warming.
The countries are suffering with pollution and natural climate change that needs attention.
Dr. S. Jeevananda Reddy
Deccan Chronicle a daily news paper published on 12th April 2015 a debate on “if launch of Air Quality Index will be of any help”. On this presented my version “AQI alone will not help” and CSE Executive Director, Anumita RoyChowdhury’s “AQI will make people aware”. However, these are limited to 500 words each. The following is my full text.
Sub: PM launches Air quality Index [AQI] in India on 6th April 2015
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday 6 April 2015 launched the National Air Quality Index (AQI) for monitoring the quality of air in major urban centres across the country on a real-time basis. The AQI has been at present launched for 10 cities -- Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow, Varanasi, Faridabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad. The ministry said that “each of these cities will have 6-7 continuous monitoring stations with AQI display boards". AQI by itself will not improve the air quality in any city.
Government must identify the issues that are affecting the air quality and then take remedial measures to control them. In fact in 2003 Hon,ble Supreme Court of India in its order dated 14-8-2003 has directed the states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh [undivided], Gujarat, UP, Karnataka & Tamil Nadu [in all 13 cities] submit an action plan to bring down the pollution levels in the 13 cities identified in which Hyderabad is one city. So far no improvement has been recorded but on the contrary the pollution levels have gone up affecting human health.
For example in the case of Delhi, the Supreme Court/NGT has now order not to allow the vehicles older than 10 years on the Delhi roads. In the case of Hyderabad in 2000 at a stakeholder meeting government agreed not to allow vehicles older than 15 years in phased manner. This was part of action plan submitted by AP Government in 2003 to the Supreme Court. But nothing has happened. The other important issue all over India is conversion of vehicles to CNG and this is not moving in the right direction. However, the pollution components over different parts of the Country differ based on local weather conditions and activities around the cities. For example around Delhi, fodder is burnt in agriculture fields and the pollution compounds the local pollution levels. In the case of Hyderabad, around 50% of 6000 tons of domestic solid waste generated per day is burnt all around the city. This involves money changing hands. This is common to all the cities including Delhi. Chennai and Bangalore follow the Hyderabad scenario. North Indian cities follow more or less the Delhi scenario.
The other important issue is sale of adulterate fuel. This is common all over India, used by more particularly older commercial vehicles. This is rampant because of fuel cost going up and up. Though in international market fuel prices have gone down steeply, the governments [states and centre] are not willing to lose their income and thus not cutting the prices proportionately thus benefit adulterated fuel sellers. -- [article ends here as it is limited to 500 words and the rest follows as] ///
Also, the kerosene sale in PDS system that illegally enters the open market is used to adulterate the fuel. Here also huge money is involved. Though the government proposed to link kerosene and gas & fertilizer to Aadhar card on my request in 2009, so far only gas is linked.
The poor urban planning relates to congestion factor that proportionately raise the pollution levels and thus urban-heat-island effect at any given point. This relates to density of population, percent area of roads and vehicle density. Governments are more interested to increase the vehicle density as they get huge percentage. Take for example, in Hyderabad High Court ordered not to allow new autos on to Hyderabad roads when the government wanted 50,000 autos on to the Hyderabad roads. This was stopped but now again the present government allowed some of them and also, brought few thousands of new vehicles on to the roads by creating hurdles to the progress of Metro rail project – fast & pollution free mode of transport. Road widening only helps to increase the vehicles on to the road and thus pollution through congestion and poor traffic management along with illegal constructions along the road network.
Greenery and water bodies play an important role in the dispersion of pollution. Among all the ten cities Hyderabad has the lowest green cover in MCH area. Also 70% of the 22, 000 ha of tanks in Hyderabad encroached. The impact of greenery on air pollution can be seen by comparing ZOO Park with Paradise/Punjagutta in Hyderabad: RSPM on 24/3/2011 were: 66 & 155/152; and NOx are: 14 & 45/31. The pollution also affected the temperature at ground and lower layers of the atmosphere [urban-heat-island effect] with buildings-asphalt roads negating free wind movement and thus increases power consumptions.
AQI will serve to help the instruments manufacturing industry. In fact the same story goes with disaster management recommendations where they started installing rain gauges instead of implementing the schemes that improve the quality of life. Just like carbon dioxide under the disguise of global warming, urban pollution is a big business to politicians and bureaucrats and industries. Government must identify the factors contributing to air pollution and then suggest the remedial measures. I doubt under the present corrupt scenario we may achieve this goal. Courts may direct!!!
Dr. S. Jeevananda Reddy
The Times of India [14th April 2015] page 9 “4 states join hands to tackle air pollution” – 1st step within 3 months, longer strategy by July
Delhi, Haryana, UP, Rajasthan work out 3-months plan to fight air pollution include the following action plan:
• Strict action against polluting vehicles in Delhi
• Monitoring of centres which issue PUC certificates
• 18 Ghaziabad coal-based units to be converted to gas
• Haryana not to register any non-BSIV vehicles
• MCD, NMDC to set up bio-waste plants
• Helplines in Haryana, UP &Rajasthan to report open burning of leaves, waste
• Strict implementation of ban on crop stubble burning
for the Gir cow of gujarat whether imported Gir bull semen from brazil is available in india. please give address.
Excellent article which brings out how high capacity buses need a much higher priority in traffic and how low capacity cars that need to be discouraged are actually calling the shots are given priority treatment which is totally undeserved !