Very good article. It is a shame even after 66 years of Independence we don't have an effective system for subsidised foodgrain under public distribution system.
The Indian Rivers Inter-link is a proposed large-scale civil engineering project that aims to join the majority of India's rivers by canals and so reduce persistent water shortages in parts of India.
In 1972 the then Minister for Irrigation K. L. Rao proposed a 2640 kilometer long link between the Ganges and Kaveri rivers. In 1974 plans were proposed for the 'Garland canal'. In 1982 the National Water Development Agency was set up to carry out surveys of the links and prepare feasibility studies. The Garland Canal was proposed by Dinshaw J. Dastur, a consultant Engineer
The Inter-link would consist of two parts, a northern Himalayan River Development component and a southern Peninsular River Development component.
The northern component would consist of a series of dams built along the Ganga and Brahmaputra rivers in India, Nepal and Bhutan for the purposes of storage. Canals would be built to transfer surplus water from the eastern tributaries of the Ganga to the west. The Brahmaputra and its tributaries would be linked with the Ganga and the Ganga with the Mahanadi river. This part of the project would provide additional irrigation for about 220,000 square kilometres and generate about 30 gigawatts of electricity. In theory it would provide extra flood control in the Ganga and Brahmaputra river basins. It could also provide excess water for the controversial Farakka Barragewhich could be used to flush out the silt at the port of Kolkata.
The main part of the project would send water from the eastern part of India to the south and west. The southern development project would consist of four main parts. First, the Mahanadi, Godavari. Krishna and Kaveri rivers would all be linked by canals. Extra water storage dams would be built along the course of these rivers. The purpose of this would be to transfer surplus water from the Mahanadi and Godavari rivers to the south of India. Second, those rivers that flow west to the north of Mumbai and the south of Tapi would be linked. Due to the irregular fluctuations in water levels in the region, as much storage capacity would be built as possible. The water would be used by the urban areas of Bombay and also to provide irrigation in the coastal areas of Maharashtra. Third the Ken and Chambal rivers would be linked in order to provide better water facilities for Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. Finally a number of west-flowing rivers along the Western Ghats simply discharge into the Arabian Sea. As many of these as possible would be diverted for irrigation purposes. The Peninsular part of the project would provide additional irrigation to 130,000 square kilometres and generation an additional 4 gigawatts of power.
Even After 40 Years when Dr.K.L.Rao proposed interlinking Ganges and Kaveri Rivers,still we are dodging and paving the way for the worst dister we faced recently.
People should learn from this disaster and spread awareness regarding sustainable environment. This devastation shows how we ignore the environment.
Can author will provide me with the names of food colors banned by government? Since I am teacher and as per my knowledge The Food safety and Standards Act 2006's Regulation 2011 ie Food Standards and Additives gives details.Can the report of IITR be available to me for study?
Well brought out ! Lessons we learn: Note the history of the region and let it not repeat, strike a finer balance between environment and "development" for sustainability, and Strengthen DMP (disaster management plan) qualitatively and quantitatively for the prompt and coordinated response.
Great Article and also Helpful
It is rightly said in editorial , i being Geologist want to add that construction cannot be stopped on fearing the floods, landslides and other calamities in the hills. But we should have some development model.We have no future plans to develop our hills scientifically. Our politiciens are hardly concerned with scientific development, actually what happens if some politician is made minister for water resources/earth science etc , they consider it a downgrading of their stature and wht they want public works/home/irrigation/excise where lot of money circulation involves.Thus how can we expect a seriousness in that ministry to chalkout a comprehensive development plan from callous mantrie.
Now look at the other scenario, the development works like road cuttings etc are given to stooges of the politicians , who have no technical team and advance machines to blast and excavate hills scientifically, where 50kg of gelatene/explosive required as per design their they use 100kg, why it is so because contracter is mantris man, if he ll be pinpointed by the concerned person incharge of looking after the works shall be transferred and scolded/threatened even.
As far as hydel projects are concerned, the view that ,they are doing devastation to the hills is right but not intoto. Untill and unless if their ll be no strict technical bids for awarding the jobs for mega projects ,these type of disasters keep on happening , Actually what happens the system of lowest bid system for awarding the contracts to L-1 is a faulty system, it should be aborted.Most of the works are taken by the contractors who are ill equipped and work is subleased/subletted to more inferior contractors thus a latter also subleased that job ,their fore a actual work is done by an non technical and laymen workers to execute the job.
In the hills of Europe esp Switzerland we have seen development , they have made tunnels for road , railways and for hydel projects 60-70 yrs back and still they are tunneling.We have to follow their model of development for hills.
I say, blame it on the government. But not just blame them. Work to make them deliver!
Let us understand that it is for the very purpose of meeting these exigencies and leading us to a better future that we bear the burden of what we call a government. Of course there is no need to blame the politicians only. The bureaucracy and judiciary are part of the rot. But what distinguishes the politicians from the other two is the fact that in our democracy it is these politicians whom have put in the drivers seat, on their promise that they will take us where we want to go. Hence it becomes our - those who are in the know of things-primary responsibility to make them deliver. The rest will take care of themselves.
Can you imagine what amount of tax payers' money has been spent on education since 1947? And what have we achieved? 40 % illiteracy, 70 % poverty (the bpl variety!) and may be 100% corruption (it was 86% when the then PM Rajiv G made his famous statement that of every rupee the govt spends only 14 paise reach the beneficiaries)! But given the numbers of those in the know to those perpetrating corruption/crimes, it should be possible for those in the know and yearning for change to prevail. If only they pooled their resources and dovetailed/synergised their efforts!
Before the target of Money making and resource looting called progress in the current govermental parlance the Ecology , Environment and all that is related to Nature becomes the last in the list of priorities for the Govt blessed Builders of Roads in Uttarakhand. In addition to the reasons explained in the Article the mass scale use of explosives to tear apart the hills and mountains in Uttarakhand by the present group of Road builders in post - independence India is the primary reason of the current disaster in the Deokhand. Britishers were not that brutal with the hills. They made roads with hand used rock cutting tools which did not damage the structural part of the rocks in the hills.
The editorial hits the nail hard on its soaked head! But, is it enough to penetrate the thick skins and hard heads of politicians? First of course you have to make them read this editorial.
One of the biggest rural development programmes of the GoI is the Integrated Watershed Development Programme. One doesn't know and probably cannot know (RTI notwithstanding)what it has achieved. However, if under this Programme and also under MNREGS, we started making staggered contour trenches in highly populated micro-watersheds, especially in degraded forests, starting from the top, in a few years we could have enough water holding capacity on the hillsides to soak up many a cloud burst.