Dengue cases in 2012 highest in four years

Tuesday 27 November 2012

216 people across the country died of the disease

Credit: Muhammad Mahdi Karim

Dengue cases reported this year across the country were on the higher side. Data presented in Rajya Sabha on November 27 has put the total number of dengue cases in the country at 35,066. The number of people who died of the disease totalled 216. This is provisional data for the year till November 15. These figures are the highest reported in the past four years.

At 9,249, Tamil Nadu reported the highest number of cases in the country, followed by West Bengal which reported 6,067 cases. The highest number of deaths were also reported in Tamil Nadu where 60 succumbed to the disease, followed by Maharashtra where 59 people died of dengue. In Maharahstra, a total of 1,464 cases were reported, suggesting that a higher percentage of people died in the state. This amounts to four per cent of the patients dying in Maharashtra compared to just 0.6 per cent in Tamil Nadu.

The deaths have been attributed to a variety of reasons, such as increase in population, unplanned urbanisation, inadequate waste management, water supply mismanagement, increased distribution and densities of vector mosquitoes (due to man-made, ecological and lifestyle changes), gaps in public health infrastructure, increased mobility of population and poor infrastructure in the states to monitor vector mosquito breeding.

States, Union Territories that were most affected
  Cases  Deaths
Tamil Nadu 9,249  60
Maharashtra                         1,464  59
West Bengal                             6,067 9
Kerala     3,674 13
Karnataka            3,482  21
Odisha                   2,029 6
Delhi                     1,584  4
Gujarat                 1,461  2
Puducherry          1,102   3
Haryana                   676 2
Punjab                       621   15



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  • Tamil Nadu had captured the

    Tamil Nadu had captured the top in the list dengue affected area because poor sanitation after incomplete and bad design of underground drainage system.In most of the places initiated underground drainage system not completed and not functioning simultaneously open drainage system is disrupted flowing through streets.Our ancestor Mohenjo-daro 2600 BCE civilisation knows how to use waste water in channeled to covered drains.But we don't know how to live in eco friendly manner.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 6 years ago | Reply
  • First get rid of those dogs,

    First get rid of those dogs, then Chikungunya and Dengue will go away. Dengue Fever is a Zoonosis, a disease occurring primarily in mammalian animals that can be transmitted to humans. The viruses responsible for this disease survive in nature as infections in animals; human infection is not necessary for their survival. Dengue Fever is an Arboviral infection, the viruses being transmitted by arthropod vectors such as ticks. House dogs and street dogs are the common Animal Reservoir Hosts to these viruses, as almost all of these animals are tick-affected. The recent outbreaks of Dengue Fever in Kerala were exclusively caused by the millions of dogs roaming the streets and in the houses. Otherwise the healthy and clean people of Kerala would not have succumbed this much easily to this disease and this much frequently too. Actually, reports from Kerala and many other states indicate that the country has been in the grip of dog-transmitted diseases for long. Thousands of people there are daily admitted to hospitals following severe group attacks by dogs in the streets. The recent outbreaks of Dengue Fever rendered health services helpless, claimed hundreds of human lives and incapacitated tens of thousands more. Everyone talked about mosquitoes, stagnant pools, dirty canals and the like, but no one admitted the possibility of these diseases being spread from dogs, lest it would be commented as trivial. With this many dogs on the loose in streets and houses, there may occur yet more outbreaks of Dengue and Congo Fevers in India which would be fatal. The health authorities and dog lovers know this but they fear revealing this for fear of retaliation from amorous dog lovers. Chikungunya is a viral disease closely similar to Dengue fever that recently swept through Africa, Asia, the Indian subcontinent, Europe and America. As the African name denotes, it causes a contorted and stooped appearance and may take years and decades for the patient to get a slight relief. Full recovery is never. There is no treatment or vaccine available for this disease. Victims are incapacitated and cannot work or earn a living for many years. The destructing power of this virus is such that it is considered as an ideal agent for future biological weapons and warfare.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 6 years ago | Reply
  • Wayward researches involving

    Wayward researches involving dogs were what paved way for the waves of Zoonosis diseases and arboviral infections like Chikungunya and Dengue presently sweeping through the world. Even though viruses cultivated in dogs have not been successful in strengthening the human immune system as this kind of researchers claim, viruses spread from dogs and new strains of viruses evolved during these researches have had enormous success in wrecking the natural immune system of man and causing Chikungunya and Dengue, resulting in the death of millions. Chikungunya is an Arboviral infection which need an animal reservoir host for the virus to survive and thrive in nature. It will need an animal reservoir host or a primate other than men to reside in and multiply for a time. Usually they are monkeys and dogs. Outbreaks of this disease happened very recently and very frequently too. Nothing especially happened in the environmental conditions of the world which was why world health authorities could not predict the coming of this disease. What they could not see clearly and take into account was the number of dogs increasing inconceivably everywhere. Or even if they knew, they were forced to remain silent about it, knowing well the iron hand of dog-lovers, many of whom the dignitaries who design and govern the modern world. Assuming all things in the environment remained the same, and also given that the number of some available animal host increased in the world considerably lately so as to cause repeated massive outbreaks of this disease, we are forced to believe that it was only the number of dogs in the world that increased lately, due to nations one after another blindly passing laws banning the killing of dogs. Even W.H.O. articles on Chikungunya carefully remain vague about the role of the abundance of dogs in bringing about this disease which is sweeping through almost all continents. Some get a few minutesÔÇÖ pleasure from dogs and the world pays too high a price for the pleasure to be justified. All research organizations working in this field, including the W. H. O. are very careful in avoiding the words Arboviral Infection, Animal Reservoir Hosts, Monkeys, Dogs, etc when they make learned talk about Chikungunya. Are they plain and adamant dog lovers or are they interested in human health? This farce has been going on for a long time. When they have to prove the usefulness of the huge amounts of money granted to them, they will come up with some new article, research or warning regarding chikungunya, publish some new boring jargon about mosquitoes and hide effectively the name of the real animal carriers of this virus. Why don't they dismantle these organizations which do not tell people the truth about things when the actual reason for the spreading of diseases stems from their own lovely pets? Who believe these organizations who hide the truth about Dengue and Chikungunya?

    Posted by: Anonymous | 6 years ago | Reply
  • Next time nature will use

    Next time nature will use another animal as host. It could also use man as a host. So if one follows Mr Chandra's advice, infected humans should also be removed if that happens.

    People jump to outrageous solutions. In my opinion, stagnant water is the prime cause of excess mosquitoes and this is because in most indian cities(or one could say the subcontinent itself--where governance/chalta hai culture is the same low quality) we have left water use/waste and maintenance of water bodies,sewage/drainage channels to govt and other unconcerned private agencies. Common sense dictates that people have to look after their own neighbourhoods and monitor the monies they give as taxpayers/consumers if they really want to improve their quality of life. Otherwise they can keep blaming others for ills created by their own lack of effort/foresight.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 6 years ago | Reply
  • In Mumbai as well as other

    In Mumbai as well as other parts of the country old and new storm water drains are rebuilt/built without any checks and balances and common sense by the process of lowest tender bidder. No municipal engineer or neighbourhood activist checks the work done by the contractor and the original design given in the tender contract as no institutional checking system exists which is convenient and transparent(web based in the hands of the citizenry)--slope of the drains is not checked--existing drains are deepened unnecessarily but their exits are not connected or are much higher so that water stagnates in the drain because of inherent design flaws. Water inlets and exits are not covered of stormwater drains (which have degenerated to perennial sewage drains ) by wire meshes/jallis specially for gaps between drain covers or inlets on the side of roads/pavements for draining covered surface runoff. No amount of precautions elsewhere in the neighbourhood therefore control the mosquito menance as the municipal stormwater drains are the perfect breeding and storage grounds of innumerable mosquitoes. Everybody looks everywhere else(overhead water tanks, containers of rain filled water, watercoolers etc etc) but not at the drains and their connections/covers or their builders/maintainers viz the municipal engineering and PWD deptts for any accountability from these great public servants. So the great mosquito menace continues and atleast provides an industry (manufacturers of mosquito repellants and other products) with customers. A little prevention at the design or supervision/maintenance stage could do wonders instead of the present practice of life condemned to ingesting hazardous chemicals (mosquito repellants) day in and out in homes thanks to laziness (or lack of awareness of permanent solutions) to use more eco friendly products such as the mosquito net or ecofriendly plants in the neighbourhood.

    A better solution would be to have soak pits (or water reuse/recycle systems -rainwater harvesting systems) every few meters depending on the density of the neighbourhood to replace the drainage system where possible. The Mewat villages example --another DTE article -shows that if less water percapita were the norm, soakpits every few metres would be practical. At present urban dwellers waste a lot of water as water is practically costing them peanuts.(the real cost is hidden)

    Posted by: Anonymous | 6 years ago | Reply
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