Green Agenda

Wednesday 23 April 2014

Just as each vote counts, each opinion also matters.

As polling for remaining constituencies continues and as we wait to see who will win the election that is undoubtedly the world's biggest democratic exercise, we ask you to share what you think should be the development agenda for the new government. Post your opinion here
 

 

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  • Common people-oriented and

    Common people-oriented and environment-friendly policies,programs and projects with corruption-free efficient governance for sustainable infrastructure development for cities!

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • Here are some crisp action

    Here are some crisp action items the prospective government of Bharat can add to their agenda, whatever be their manifesto:

    1. Water: This will be the most important issue for India in the forthcoming decades. Restore the pristine water flow of major rivers, primarily Ganga and Yamuna, to at least 80% of their pre-1960 levels. In addition, ensure via any monetary means possible that at least 80% of ALL waste entering such natural water bodies is subject to complete treatment and purification.

    2. Air: Focus on reversing urbanization trends, which are directly causative of increased local air pollution. Divest and remove any existing government subsidies to fossil fuel and automobile industries {they make enough money on their own already}. Encourage urban gardening and protection of existing green spaces, both urban and rural, across the nation.

    3. Land: Mandatory transparent and public discussions on allocation of forest and other resources to mining and other extraction services (both private and public). Recreate forests by enacting laws that levy HEAVY monetary punishments on companies that facilitate or actively engage in land grabs, greenwashing, or essentially irreparable damage to existing biodiversity.

    4. Humans: Bribery and subversive actions that affect environmental and CSR activities should be punishable by permanent non-employability (personal) and permanent stock-market black-listing (organizations.) Protection and empowerment of rural, urban, or 'adivasi' sections that are affected directly or indirectly by economic and environmental degradation caused by industrial exploitation and subsequent social and environmental maladies (think Vedanta vs Orissa, or worse, Dow chem. vs Bhopal.)

    Knowing Indian governments, this list should keep them sufficiently occupied for five years. There is still hope that the ongoing conversations on anti-corruption and climate change will together begin to repair the shameful state of socio-environmental affairs of Bharat.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • Hoping for a sustainable and

    Hoping for a sustainable and inclusive developmental agenda is wishful thinking. There is nothing especially unique about this election.
    Everybody knows what the problems are however, things are the way they are because it is 'working' for a certain class of people!!

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • This is probably too much to

    This is probably too much to hope for, but an Indian government at least attempting to mitigate the extensive damage already done (mainly to forests, soil, rivers, and air, besides our seas) should scrutinize the Ministries of Environment & Forest and Water Resources -- ideally by setting up a special regulatory body and convening a heterogeneous group of advisors, the former of whom is responsible to ensure that these ministries simply do their job of protecting these natural resources. Also, the obvious measures need to be taken to control and tackle vehicular pollution. Taxation, removing subsidies, reforestation, etc.

    But it is well known by now that no matter how well a developing country can do on its part, global environmental effects aren't isolated. From my worldview, I see that given India's important role in the global economy (if not politics), it should represent itself more strongly in the international scene to not only check its own standards but also push for the just implementation of environmental protocols by the big players, US and China.

    And where's development in all these, one may ask. It may be a blessing that an agricultural nation with diverse resources such as India is one of the worst affected by world environmental issues -- given its power today and the pressing need to mitigate climate change effects, it can set an example for better holistic development by just doing its duties right.

    In summary, up-to-date policies supported by science (no vested interests), regulatory bodies to ensure this and the implementation of the policies by the ministries, and strong representation in the UN. Underlying message: Dissolve the corporate-government nexus for natural resources!! Distant dream? This is where civil society participation is most needed. I believe these will help India revive its agriculture, develop a new sector of work around energy efficiency research, production, and distribution.

    Possible? If the people organize, definitely yes.

    People power!

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • Green Agenda may have the

    Green Agenda may have the following:

    1. Forest Cover (vegetation, canopy cover) to be brought to 33% on agree grate at every unit (Block or range)and variations in forest cover to be on scientific basis.

    2. Green Budget onlines with Gender Budget to be part of the general budgeting when presented to the Parliament.

    3. Coastal Ecology needs a special fund and intervention.

    4, Urbanization will increase its speed, therefore greening in housing, transportation,communication to be carried out.

    5. Dalit, Tribal and Women to have special focus as beneficiaries in Green Programs

    6. MGNREGA to focus on works with environmental benefits

    7. Water (Ground, Fresh Water) is key area for present and future. Ground water utilization and recharge plans for urban, town, rural areas need to be worked with full infrastructure and completed budget allocation.
    8. River water and river linkages need to be looked
    9. Pollution in agriculture, rural areas (sanitation, cooking,adulteration), Urban areas and specific reduction strategies annually and decade projection to be arrived at.
    10. Empowerment of constitutional bodies (Gram Sabha, Gram Panchyats, Z.Ps,etc)
    11. Department of Natural Resources Management is need of the hour.
    12. Inclusion of special focus of vulnerable areas (red zones) to be given priority for inputs from all departments.
    13. Environment Audits of major programs on line of social audit of MGNREGA - Andhra Pradesh model may be looked into.
    14. Wild life management and conservation
    15. Wetlands Management

    thanks and regards

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • Dump the dollar through

    Dump the dollar through bilateral trade agreements baby!!!

    On domestic issues: I understand where you're coming from...but I don't exactly agree with it. The fact of the matter being our re-distributive programmes aren't any good at all. There is a lot to say on this issue so I'd like to refer you to the works of Amartya Sen, Jean Dreze and Esther Duflo.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • That's the fact, but can we

    That's the fact, but can we afford to let it be?

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • On whatever level city

    On whatever level city advances in terms of development or economic activities, its health always depend on Ecology; even developed countries now agrees to this. And we expect our representatives should also be aware of the growth pattern we are following. We are just aspiring to become next USA or China, which is simply not possible if we consider the natural resources those countries exploit. USA has 4 times land area than India has and 4 fold lesser population than ours - they may afford the mindless exploitation of natural resources, but India can't.
    According to me following principles should be considered while designing the development policies.
    1.Economy is a part of ecology;and not vice versa
    2.Ecology's needs are more important than Human needs; Natural resources should be reserved for ecologies need or atleast should have higher priority.
    3.Most of the environmental organisations and individual ecology students are opposing River-linking project and privatisation of water. River flows should be freely flowing; from origin to the end, natural flows and riverine ecosystems should be restored and conserved. Many developed countries are already doing so.
    4.Springs,rivers,hills and open areas in Urban regions should be conserved in Natural state and human development activities should be restricted in such areas.
    5.Forest dept and other governmental environmental organisations should have ample funds availability for executing their responsibilities and for training and upgrading staff.
    6. Definition of word "ethical" should be broadened and projects which harms environment and ecology should be termed unethical
    7.Urban area expansion, number of individual vehicles should be based upon study of availability of natural resources, carrying capacity. Accordingly public transport systems should be promoted.
    8.All types of natural farming should be promoted. GM crops, chemical pesticides-insecticides and chemical fertilizers should be banned.
    9.Indigenous, native crops, millets should be promoted over cash crops.
    10.Mass Decentralization of energy generation distribution. Deployment of smart grids.
    11.Nature restoration should be included as govt policy
    12.Employment guarantee scheme should be designed around Nature restoration activities Nation-wide.
    13.Socially, environmentally and health-wise responsible entrepreneurship should be promoted in all ways.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • My Green Agenda: Growing

    My Green Agenda:

    Growing carefree growth plants like Agave,Opuntia which are regenerative and CAM in waste lands(Crores of acres)in the country for Biofuel and Biogas power. This will bring in rural employment.

    2. Replacing the inefficient,old agricultural pumpsets with efficient ones by giving a subsidy. 30% electricity can be saved. Electricity is a high grade energy which finds expensive use in Industry,Lighting,Computers. Energy Conservation yields quick results.

    3. Water Hyacinth has become a menace. But in Thailand,Indonesia and Vietnam Bags,Fine Furniture etc. are made from the roots and exported to Europe. Such crafts should be promoted in India. Also Biogas production and power.

    4. For captive consumption of electricity, wind electricity is probably the cheapest option. If one considers medium term horizon, together with benefits of CERs/ RECs, wind energy would turn out to be the cheapest source of captive electricity from the beginning. Total cost of ownership for wind farm is far lower than that of captive plants based on conventional fuels.

    Main strengths of wind energy projects are:

    ÔÇó Enormous wind energy potential across the globe,

    ÔÇó Protection against inflation or escalation in electricity
    generation cost over the project life,

    ÔÇó Ease of putting up a wind farm,

    ÔÇó Low operations and maintenance requirements,

    ÔÇó Scalability,

    ÔÇó Short gestation period and others.

    As on 31 Jan 2014 the installed capacity of various Renewables are:

    Wind 20293.83
    MW

    Small Hydropower
    3774.15 MW

    Biomass Power & Gasification 1285.60 MW

    Bagasse Cogeneration 2512.88 MW

    Waste to Power
    99.08 MW

    Solar Power 2208.36 MW


    OFF-GRID/
    CAPTIVE POWER (CAPACITIES IN MWEQ)

    Waste to Energy 119.63 MW

    Biomass(non-bagasse) Cogeneration 517.34 MW

    Biomass Gasifiers

    -Rural 17.63 MW

    - Industrial 146.40 MW

    Aero-Genrators/Hybrid systems 2.18 MW

    SPV Systems 159.77

    Water mills/micro hydel 10.18 (2547 nos)


    Family Biogas Plants (numbers in lakh)(1 Million = 10 Lakhs) 47.10

    Solar Water Heating ÔÇô Coll. Areas(million m2) 7.51

    (Source:Ministry of New and Renewable Energy,Government of
    India).

    Prognosis:

    No doubt India occupies 5th Position in Wind Energy in the World after China,US,Germany and Spain. The phenomenal success of Wind Power in Germany and other Europen countries is through Wind Farm Co-operatives.

    Community wind energy:

    Community wind projects are locally owned by farmers, investors, businesses, schools, utilities, or other public or private entities who utilize wind energy to support and reduce energy costs to the local community. The key feature is that local community members have a significant, direct financial stake in the project beyond land lease payments and tax revenue. Projects may be used for on-site power or to generate wholesale power for sale, usually on a commercial-scale greater than 100 kW.

    Cooperative

    A wind turbine cooperative, also known as a wind energy cooperative, is a jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprise that follows the cooperative model, investing in wind turbines or wind farms. The cooperative model was developed in Denmark. The model has also spread to Germany, the Netherlands and
    Australia, with isolated examples elsewhere . In India Depreciation Benefits are given to only big Industries investing in Renewables. Why not Government give Income tax benefits to Individual tax payers who invest in a WIND FUND(to be created by the Government) and give tax exemption under Section 80 C to start windfarm co-operatives. This way there will be mass participation in Wind Energy.

    NEED FOR OFFSHORE WIND FARMS IN INDIA

    Offshore wind power refers to the construction of wind farms in bodies of water to generate electricity from wind. Better wind speeds are available offshore compared to on land, so offshore wind powerÔÇÖs contribution in terms of electricity supplied is higher. However, offshore wind farms are relatively expensive.

    Economics and benefits

    Offshore
    wind power can help to reduce energy imports, reduce air pollution and
    greenhouse gases (by displacing fossil-fuel power generation), meet renewable
    electricity standards, and create jobs and local business opportunities.

    COST COMPARISON OF ONSHORE AND OFFSHORE WIND FARMS

    Onshore

    Investment
    of about $1.5 million per MW

    Levelized
    cost of 6-7 cents per kWh

    O&M
    ÔÇô 1-3% of capital costs

    May be built in smaller units

    Offshore

    Investment
    of $2.3 million per MW

    Levelized
    cost of about 10-11 cents per kWh

    Higher
    O&M ÔÇô 40$ per kW and 0.7 cents per kWh variable

    Large turbines and farms required

    In spite of the higher costs and the uncertainties involved in offshore wind,
    research in this sector has been significant, and the main reason is the
    potential offered by offshore wind turbines, especially in lands close to water .

    At the end of 2011, there were 53 European offshore wind farms in waters off Belgium,
    Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the
    United Kingdom, with an operating capacity of 3,813 MW,[ while 5,603 MW is
    under construction

    USA, China, South Korea, Taiwan, France and Japan have ambitious plans to go in for
    offshore wind farms on a massive scale.

    Length of coastline of India including the coastlines of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal and Lakshwadweep Islands in the Arabian Sea is 7517 km. Length of
    Coastline of Indian mainland is 6100 km.

    Thorough Wind studies have to be carried out along the coast to identify the prospective
    offshore wind farm sites. Based on these studies a Pilot project can be started
    by MNRE which will help as a Demonstration project.

    Accurate wind measurements at the site are the constraint. Many a time wind data is extrapolated to the hub height at sites where the wind turbines are to be erected. In the US in California wind farm developers used to monitor (Anemometers, Anemographs) in the past at the sites where wind turbines to be erected (Now Wind Masts). This gives more or less reliable wind data and hence the turbine output.Unfortunately in some cases Wind Farm developers can't wait for years to measure the wind data(In some cases to avail the tax benefits
    quickly) and hence correlate the nearest wind mast data. That is why there will be variation in the output. Moreover terrain also plays an important role in wind energy production.

    Remote sensing measurement techniques enable measurements to hub height and beyond. There are resource measurement technique using sodar and lidar which need to be adopted in India along with at least 75 meter Wind masts.

    Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP),India

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • Inclusive development should

    Inclusive development should be ensured. All sections of the society should be given equal chance to take part in the national development process.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • Legal Literacy and Health

    Legal Literacy and Health Education should be given priority and should be included in the syllabus from the primary education.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • I am not sure my thinking is

    I am not sure my thinking is correct but I feel change in mindset may be necessary to save the planet It may be necessary to go backwards not to bullock cart age but some decades in some patterns of living. India can take a lead , if we have not totally forgotten Gandhian philosophy of plain living & high thinking. Some lifestyle changes. 1] Switch off coloured TVS & go back to B&W. Lot of electrical energy will be saved.2] Make a rule that odd numbered cars will ply only on odd dates & even numbered only on even dates. Considerable reduction in ghg emission & traffic congestion.3]. Restoring dignity of manual labour Every able bodied person should do some manual work to save electical or fossil fuel energy. Efecient hand operated washing machines can be designed for home use.Tree planting is another useful activity.Cleaning water bodies is another activity for young men & women. If we think on these lines we will be able to find many old practises which can be adopted with some modifications. Most people will find such a life more meaningful. Job of the govt. would be to bring about a smooth trasnsition .

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • Development perspective

    Development perspective should highly inclusive, sustainable, with socio-economic, cultural, ecological human dimension.India has diverse agro-ecological zone, so geography and culture based developmental initiatives in an area of education, agriculture, forestry,industry should be given priority.Like hilly regions of western and Eastern himalaya, Western and Eastern ghats where enormous natural resources and biodiversity is there green economy based development such horticulture, forestry & agroforestry,eco-tourism,sports,watershed management and setting need based institutions is required. Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy is going to be more important in era of global change so more focus and restructuring from institution to vibrant policy support is need of hour as we cannot compromise our food and nutritional security of our citizen. Emerging issues of Energy, Water, accessibility to health sector,climate change, pollution, unemployment, distress migration from rural to urban areas,accessibility of market to small producers, research and development in higher education require higher level of attention. skill and capacity building of human resources particularly in rural areas and also in urban areas.Resource use efficiency how improve further with research and innovation domestically we need seriously introspect on this. Linking Rural employment guarantee scheme with long term objective of sustainable livelihood development with natural resource management, like community forestry, soil and watershed development, community based biodiversity management and like others. Real development can only be realized by equity and benefit sharing in equal to each and every citizen of our country.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • In a globalised world not

    In a globalised world not everything is in the control of any single national Government. Can the incoming Govt. be steered in a more sustainable direction in the face of pressures and vested interests? It is important to try.

    National economic growth: what are the most technologically efficient examples of sustainable power generation which industrialists might be interested in manufacturing and which genuinely scale to generate enough power for the nation - home and industry needs. Solar panels? Wind turbines? Things that work at volume. Could be a mix of different things. Industries that mature as existing power generating infrastructure ages. Also, with good quality control, develops a product for export.

    Infrastructure e.g. Transport. When transport infrastructure is being developed, what cognizance is given to the needs of sustainable modes? This may be more significant in urban areas. Good infrastructure for pedestrians is very often overlooked, but should be part of physical infrastructure design and delivery, as also bus infrastructure (generating more revenue as a whole). Metros are fantastic, but only a small part of the picture. Flyovers, while generating revenue (as other examples of infra quoted above also do), lead to increased private car use and do not therefore deliver the expected relief in congestion. Also consider that pedestrian infrastructure should encourage walking - foot bridges over 3 lanes of traffic are not good pedestrian infrastructure.

    Forests. is there the potential to use more wood as a more sustainable primary material in medium scale construction projects, moving away from concrete? Cross laminated timber, a material of great strength and versatility, using native softwoods from Finland and Austria is proving very versatile in constructing nine storey apartment blocks, with benefits of insulation in respect of noise and temperature etc. Do those benefits also translate to different climactic conditions, and could deodar be used and replanted, renewed in a similar way to softwood in Austria?

    Maintain a hard line approach against FDI in retail. The homogeneous offerings of all the international chains has had a demonstrably bad effect on native varieties of fruit and vegetables in UK and US (they cease to be in cultivation). Other volume needs of mass retail adversely effect dairy producers. Only bad things result. Attention may need to be paid to quality control in local small retailers. Or it may be that talk of adulteration is overstated.

    To summarise:

    (Through gritted teeth) consider an approach that speaks to the big project vanity of all incoming governments
    Promote large scale green manufacturing industries e.g. wind turbine heavy engineering, solar panel etc. with parallel deployment in power generation.

    Transport infrastructure projects should include all modes of transport, and infrastructure for pedestrians should make people feel good about walking.

    Potential of moving in construction away from concrete and towards wood.

    Hard line on FDI in retail

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • Basic rule for all

    Basic rule for all individuals to industry..Take responsibilities for all wastes You create..as a housewife..a hawker, a doctor..or any small office shops malls or any Industry.be prepared to.pay for its disposal like we doctors in Vadodara do..formed our own IMA-run waste management firm trust..all should be enforced..from street side food stall..shops.. to industry ..all.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • Although this is not a "green

    Although this is not a "green agenda" per se, abolition of child labor in all industries is of vital interest to the country. In parallel, school syllabus should compulsorily have high weight for environmental science subjects and related projects. These changes will ensure that children coming out of school are environmentally-friendly than present adult generation is. Children in current child labor living on the rough mostly are more amenable to realizing the value of protecting earth once their basic living and educational needs are taken care of.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • New changes: 1. Implement

    New changes:
    1. Implement solar energy for all public spaces and offices wherever possible throughout nation.
    2. Heavy taxation on polluters - industrial/commercial
    3. Connect waste to producer closely to increase accountability and therefore responsibility for taking care of generated pollution.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • Regardless of whatever

    Regardless of whatever environment-friendly changes brought out by any government, in a democratic setup like ours, laws get flouted fairly easily. We need to bring about a spiritual-ecological readjustment of our collective minds to get to the point of realization that the earth is a visible form of God and that living spiritually is to live in an earth-friendly manner.
    Everything is interlinked - be it socio-economic issues, spiritual issues or environmental issues. A wide-arching all-encompassing vision needs to be developed in all people of the world to make the right decisions environmentally or spiritually.
    Bharathkumar

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
  • 1) Provide employement and

    1) Provide employement and good returns for agricultural product in villages to reduce migrations towards city.

    2) Improve education system by providing higher quality of education to every child in india

    3) Needs a better care to be taken for natural & heritage sites which have huge number of tourist visiting evry year,

    4) Needs to medically secure each n every newborn child if they have any physical challage, and ggovernment have to look after the expences for them who cant aford the same

    5)Needs to take a better care of environment.

    6)And the most important is to root out corruption

    Posted by: Anonymous | 4 years ago | Reply
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