Good job bringing this to light. People won't realise how huge the problem is and municipalities are woefully ill equipped to...
Agreed; mining can never be sustainable, but then how do you get the metals to make all the things you need in the course of...
Very good piece.
the Union ministry of environment and forests (moef) is reviewing the World Bank (wb)-funded India Ecodevelopment Project, which has been ridden with controversies. The project was granted an extension of one year in 2002-2003 and is due to end this year. The wb is also reassessing the entire process through its own consultants. It is believed that both the reviews would set the stage for negotiations for the next round of funding.
The project was co-financed by the wb to the tune of us $47 million. Apart from this, the International Development Association provided us $28 million, the Indian government contributed us $5.36 million, the concerned state governments gave us $9.06 million and stakeholders pitched in with us $4.59 million. The project was aimed at conserving biodiversity by implementing ecodevelopment strategies in and around selected protected areas in the country. It also envisaged supporting future biodiversity projects.
Launched in June 1996, the venture was implemented at seven field sites: Buxa Tiger Reserve, West Bengal; Gir National Park and Sanctuary, Gujarat; Nagarhole National Park, Karnataka; Palamau Tiger Reserve, Bihar; Pench Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh; Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala; and Ranthambhore National Park, Rajasthan.
The eighth site -- Simlipal Tiger Reserve in Orissa -- was abandoned at the time of the project's commencement due to a controversy. The Orissa government wanted to accord priority to the relocation of villages, which clashed with the project's agenda. Many other sites have also been dogged by similar controversies. For instance, Ranthambhore and Nagarhole have witnessed a perpetual conflict between the forest department and villagers in and around protected areas.
The moef is trying to collate the experiences before venturing into parleys for another round of funding. It has hired several consultants to assist park managers in writing the final assessment reports. These will be discussed by the ministry in May. It is conjectured that negotiations for the next round of funding shall take place only after the results of the oncoming general elections are declared.