Is Narmada water being made to flow in Sabarmati not supplied to city of Ahmedabad? This has furthered the idea of river...
I have been selling glass for commercial buildings talking about light, thermal/solar heat gain etc.etc..but I...
Dear Saxena ji,
Thank you for inquiry.
West facing windows can be a big source of heat, first measure which you...
On September 22, 2004, the World Bank (wb) officially unveiled its Country Strategy (cas) for India. That very day, a draft critique of the bank's strategy -- it is being developed by a group of 20 non-governmental organisations including Focus on the Global South, the Delhi Forum and movement-oriented coalitions such as the South Asia Network on Dams -- was quickly circulated. The draft says cas should be rejected in toto: it "does not reflect the needs of India's masses."
cas for India was approved earlier, on August 26. Then, the bank had chiefly received flak for its renewed interest in hydropower (see: Down To Earth, September 30, 2004). The draft critique, too, damns the bank for not accepting responsibility for "the unresolved social and environmental legacy" of its dam projects.
The critique also challenges the bank's assessment of reforms in India. While the latter says the post-1991 programme contributing to increased incomes and improved living standards, the critique argues to the contrary: what about the less than 2 per cent growth in agriculture since 1996-1997? What of rising graduate unemployment -- from 22 lakh in 1990-2000 to about 50 lakh in 2003-04?
Composition of funding based on projects under consideration, 2005-2008
|Project heads||US $
|Roads & Highways||2,550|
|State Water Sector||2,490|
infrastructure & development
|Powergrid, state power
& rural energy access
development & vocational training
technology, productivity & competitiveness
& Clean Energy
|Rural & SME financing||270|
|State Rural Service
|Note: The actual lending will be
lower, remaining within the overall limit of US $12 billion
Source: Anon 2004, Country Strategy for India, The World Bank
This time around, ibrd's loan limit remains the same: us $2.15 billion a year. The rest will come from the group's International Development Association (ida) -- which provides funds in the form of concessional loans or grants -- and the International Finance Corporation (ifc), which lends to the private sector. How much India will get from ida depends, in turn, on how much ida will get from its 39 donors; this might be the same as that in cas 2002-2004: us $850 million a year. ifc is expected to lend about us $300-350 million a year.