Since 1987, India has had 14 'consecutive' 'good' monsoons
If the 'seasonal rainfall' (June-September) of the entire country is 'within 10 per cent' of the 'long term average', it is called 'normal' rainfall
This year, 'seasonal rainfall' for the entire country was '19 per cent' 'below' the 'long term average'
|Earlier years of
|1987, 1979, 1972|
Excess +20% of normal Normal +19% of normal Deficient -20% to -59% of normal Scanty -60% of normal
There are 3 'types' of droughts
(i) Meteorological drought: 'Actual rainfall' in an area significantly less than 'climatological mean' of that area
(ii) Hydrological drought: A 'marked depletion' of surface water causing very 'low stream flow' and drying of lakes, rivers and reservoirs
(iii) Agricultural drought: Inadequate soil moisture resulting in 'acute' crop 'stress' and 'fall' in 'agricultural productivity'
rainfall in smaller areas result in pockets of drought around the country
|Rainfall (deviation from
|Type of drought|
|26% to 50%||Moderate
|More than 50%||Severe drought|
Rainfall in July (most important for agriculture) was 49 per cent 'deficient'. The last time this figure fell below 45 per cent was in 1911
When there is more than 10 per cent rainfall deficiency, and more than 20 per cent of the area is under drought, the situation is called "all-India drought"
In 2002, rainfall deficiency was 19 per cent, and 29 per cent of India was under drought
(per cent below normal)
Coastal Andhra Pradesh
North Interior Karnataka
South Interior Karnataka