the National Human Rights Commission (nhrc) has directed the Union rural development ministry to include provisions for the resettlement and rehabilitation of people displaced by land acquisitions for various projects in the Land Acquisition Act, 1894. They could also be formulated by a separate legislation, said nhrc .
In 1994, the government formulated a draft to finalise a policy for displaced persons. But nothing has happened since then. The commission, concerned with the plight of the displaced people, has been pursuing the matter with the Union ministry of rural development for an early finalisation of the policy. But whenever the commission enquired, the ministry said a ministerial committee was reviewing it.
When an amendment to the land act was in the offing, the Karnataka-based National Committee for the Protection of Natural Resources (ncpnr) requested the commission to recommend the inclusions of these provisions to the government.
ncpnr along with some voluntary organisations had drafted a parallel bill in 2000. "This bill is radically different from the original bill and also from the amendments suggested by the ministry of rural development in 1999," said J V Hiremanth, convenor of ncpnr. The draft is an attempt to strengthen the protests, agitations and litigations against the involuntary displacement.