IT HAPPENS ONLY IN INDIA,
GREAT JOB MR. PARMAR
it is good to eat as many as vegetables and fruits (totally vegetarian), but my aurvedic doctor asked me to stop eating every...
US researchers have developed a technique that can not only help recover precious metals,
such as gold, but also clean up waterways contaminated with toxic metals like lead, mercury and
chromium. The method has been developed by scientists at the us department of energy's (doe)
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Washington (Popular Science, Vol 254, No 3).
The technique relies on two key components. The first is a silicate ceramic that
can take the form of a bead or powder. Each grain of the ceramic material that is 5-15
micrometres in diameter has a dense pattern of cylindrical pores.
The second component is called a monolayer, and is a single layer of densely
packed molecules chemically tailored to bond with metallic contaminants.
The scientists at Richland have found a way to attach monolayers within the pores
of the ceramic grains. In this, one end of the monolayer binds to the ceramic and the other end
is left free to eat a target metal that is passing through a pore. The multitudinous pores
provide a large surface area to trap metals.
In fact, a mere teaspoon of this material in powder form has the surface area of
a football field, says Jun Liu, a staff scientist who directed the research. The ceramic can
reduce the concentration of a targeted metal to well below what is required for drinking water
standards, it was observed during field tests.
The molecule-lined ceramic grains can be used for mining. It may help recover
precious metals like gold from water. The doe is considering using the technique for cleaning up
water and soil at places where mercury concentration is high. It may also
be useful for extracting mercury from hazardous wastes. If successful, the technique may be used
for cleaning up other toxic metals as well.