Is Narmada water being made to flow in Sabarmati not supplied to city of Ahmedabad? This has furthered the idea of river...
I have been selling glass for commercial buildings talking about light, thermal/solar heat gain etc.etc..but I...
Dear Saxena ji,
Thank you for inquiry.
West facing windows can be a big source of heat, first measure which you...
recent developments in environmental technologies in the uk will lead to the improvement of a popular gas-run industrial turbine, making it ultra-clean with regard to emissions. The turbine is the industrial Avon engine, which is derived from an engine first developed in the 1950s to power military and civil aircraft. Although the Avon is outdated for use in aeronautics, it has become one of the most successful gas turbines due to its reliability, low running costs and an exceptionally long life.
The research began on the premise that the long-term potential of the turbine will be reinforced if a way is found to further lower its already low emissions of nitrous oxide (n2o) and carbon monoxide (co). So, emissions technologists at the gas powerplant development centre of the industrial giant Rolls-Royce set about doing to the Avon what they had already accomplished with another larger industrial turbine known as rb 211: putting in the dry low emissions (dle) technique. The technique had come about as a breakthrough in the mid-1990s and has given the rb 211 engine a huge advantage over its competition.
However, to develop a clean combustion system that could be retrofitted to Avon engines worldwide was a difficult task. In particular, they wanted to restrict the overall size of the turbine, one of the most compact in the world. Many industrial Avons are fitted on offshore platforms or at gas and oil pumping stations, where space constraints are common.
The researchers decided to take the core of the technology from the rb 211 dle and develop a way in which it could be used in the existing Avon engine. It was essential that the modifications were simple to retrofit to the engines, apart from being cost-effective ( LPS Newsletter , August 10, 1999).
The researchers began by developing a new type of combuster that relied on a 'diffused primary burning process'. This system provides stability to the process of combustion, which is essential for a clean burning process. It also eliminated a lot of complications of low-power operation that arise when an engine runs on 'lean' fuel, such as gas. The next task was to scale down the size of the new combustion equipment to fit the smaller combustion chamber of the Avon. Tests revealed that the new system was running quite successfully. The emissions of n2o and co not only met the levels that the engineers set out to achieve but were actually lower than the target.