We have found in Asian country especially in rural sectors new mothers are unaware about baby's health care issues therefore...
IT HAPPENS ONLY IN INDIA,
GREAT JOB MR. PARMAR
it is good to eat as many as vegetables and fruits (totally vegetarian), but my aurvedic doctor asked me to stop eating every...
THE Varanasi-based NGO, Sankat
Mochan Foundation (SMF), has submitted an alternative to the Ganga Action
Plan (GAP) to the Centre in early May.
The group has approached the Ganga
Project Directorate for its plan to be
included in the GAP phase II. The plan
envisages the construction of a 'gravity
flow interceptor' sewer along the Ganga
to prevent sewage from entering the
river. The plan also aims at doing away
with the use of expensive equipment
usually required at pumping stations.
Varanasi, one of the oldest towns in
the world, is responsible for one-fourth
of Uttar Pradesh's contribution of Pollutants to the Ganga. The seven-km
stretch of the river receives the highest
pollution load anywhere along the
course of the river. In addition to its
population of 15 lakh, tens of thousands
of pilgrims visit Varanasi every year.
"While the government has already
spent around Rs 43 crore in Varanasi,
not much has really been achieved in
terms of improvement of water quality," says V B Mishra, president of the
SMF. "The main reason is that the present design is a cost-intensive one,
entirely dependent on power supply to
carry the town's sewage to the sewage
treatment plants (STP)," he adds. Three
STPs in Varanasi generate 147 million
litre a day (mld) of waste water. Of this,
GAP sought to treat 1,215 mld (this has
since been scaled down to 101 mld).
SMF members argue that as Varanasi
faces severe power shortages, the schemes constructed under GAP did not
function as planned. Moreover, they
point out that the upflow anaerobic
sludge blanket in the STPs are unable to
reduce the faecal coliform in the river
water, which has touched an astounding
count ranging from 5,000 to over
4,00,000 MPN (most probable number)/100 ml against the specified limit
of 500 MPN/100 mld.
Narayan Mishra, chairperson,
Nagar Nigam Working Committee of
Varanasi, says that the municipality has
accepted the new scheme. "What is the
use of the existing schemes? Most of the
pumping stations and the equipment in
the STP lie idle, and untreated sewage
enters the river just as before, because of
lack of power supplies," he says. Saroj
Singh, mayor of Varanasi, adds that the
interception and diversion work by GAP Summing up poverty
has led to houses and roads to sink at
The alternative plan - estimated at Rs 80 crore - envisages setting up of oxidation ponds, around 14 km downstream of Varanasi, on the dry riverbed
between Mustafabad and Ramchandipur. The SMF claims that by introducing
pisciculture and using the treated water
for irrigation, a substantial earning is
possible from these ponds.
Jai Prakash Mani, project engineer
with the Uttar Pradesh Jai Nigam, however, points out that as the proposed
'gravity drain' would have to be below
the high water mark, it would be ineffective during the monsoons. "Besides, this
plan requires pumps as well, when the
sewage would have to be lifted into the
oxidation ponds," says Mani.
The land proposed to be used for
oxidation ponds is on the river bed.
This, says Mani, would imply that during the monsoons, all the collected waste
water would return into the river
spurring recurring expenses for desilting these ponds. However, N C Gupta,
general manager of the Ganga pollution
control unit-Allahabad and Varanasi,
contradicts Mani and adds that erratic
power supplies remains the bane of GAP.
"We face power shortages at the STP as
well. There are no alternative arrangements at the STPs."