Good job bringing this to light. People won't realise how huge the problem is and municipalities are woefully ill equipped to...
Agreed; mining can never be sustainable, but then how do you get the metals to make all the things you need in the course of...
Very good piece.
Around 2,300 tonnes of construction waste is generated in Mumbai, everyday. Authorities in the country's financial capital have very little clue about how to deal with such staggering amounts of solid waste. In September 2005, the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (mcgm) did issue the Demolition and De-Silting Waste (Management and Disposal) guidelines. But there has been little enforcement at the field level. Consequently, the debris ends up in dumping grounds, where it mixes with other waste rendering them unfit for treatment. But now, a decentralised solution for debris management, promoted by the Youth for Unity and Voluntary Action (yuva), offers hope.
The initiative has the support of City and Industrial Development Corporation (cidco), the land owning and planning authority of Navi Mumbai. The collaboration has resulted in the formation of cidco - yuva Building Centre (cybc) that has recycled over 1,500 tonnes of waste in the last four years. That's a small amount, but the project holds promise if given the right push.
Cement and water is then added to the pulverised material to mould it to a brick-like shape. Moulded bricks are then cured (hardened by repeated wetting and drying) for 14 days and then sun-dried. Shashank Ninave, principal of L S Raheja College of Architecture, Mumbai, approves of this method. "Over a period, all waste material loses its ability to bind. But adding cement reinforces the debris's binding qualities and it can be reused to make other products , he says. cidco and Strucwel Laboratories, Mumbai, test the products for their compliance with Indian standards on moisture absorption, compressive strength and abrasion.
"Increasing demands of regular earthen bricks are being fulfilled at the cost of agricultural land. Many farmers in Mumbai's outskirts have become brick-makers and large tracts of fertile land have become barren. Loss of energy during transport is an added liability. In such a situation, debris recycling is both economical and ecological," says Davis. Two community centres in Rapar, Gujarat, one such centre in Mumbai, and a few other buildings in the country's financial capital have already used the recycled debris. But the project is facing teething troubles. Most builders claim they have not heard of this initiative. "Has the Central Building Research Institute certified it,"asks Shankar Desai, chairperson of Builders Association of India, Mumbai. Other builders too say they can't use the recycled debris till an authorised government agency certifies it.
Davis also points to other problems. "We need to set up at least one unit that can recycle 50 tonnes of debris in a day. But getting funds has been a problem. The recycling unit should be supported by mcgm's infrastructure. That doesn't always happen. The debris delivery is not very efficient," he says. The cybc manager says that some municipal authorities did visit his organisation's demonstration project and S S Shautriya of the municipality's solid waste management department seemed impressed by this technology. The municipality also suggested that yuva rope in private players. But the authorities haven't offered anything more than this.