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Research

Computers set to conquer language barriers

Issue Date: Apr 30, 1993
EVEN AS European Community researchers are developing a powerful computerised translation system that promises to break through language barriers, scientists in Japan, Germany and USA are working on a telephone translation system whose implications for world trade are mind-boggling. Both systems are reportedly in the test stage.

Infant death linked to child-rearing habits

Issue Date: Apr 30, 1993
WESTERN infants are more likely to become victims of so-called crib deaths because they are far more frequently left alone to sleep than Asian children, a British study shows.

Helping addicts get through their withdrawal symptoms

Issue Date: Apr 30, 1993
MARIJUANA and heroin may be frowned on by parents and the police, but they do have a beneficial side for scientists. Recent breakthroughs in understanding how these two addictive drugs act on the brain could result in a non-addictive opiate that will help drug addicts cope better with withdrawal symptoms.

Penguins gauge sea resources for scientists

Issue Date: Apr 30, 1993
STRUTTING and swimming through the Antarctic, some emperor penguins are working on a scientific mission: monitoring the sea resources of the polar region.

Natural elements keep homes comfortable

Issue Date: Apr 15, 1993

Birth of a galaxy

Issue Date: Apr 15, 1993
THANKS to the Bubble Space Telescope, scientists can now actually see ancient galaxies being forI The instrument, unlike earthbound telescopes, can be aimed at galaxies 4 billion light years away. Because le the light that is picked up was emitted 4 billion years ago, it provides a view of the galaxy as it was then. Astronomers at USA's Carnegie Institution recently saw a galaxy cluster that was formed about 5 billion years ago, a third of the way back to the Big Bang, one of the theories used by scientists to explain the tic birth of the universe. According to

Energy funding shifts to hi-tech projects

FINANCE minister Manmohan Singh contends non-conventional energy sources (NCES) have been given a boost through customs duty reductions of upto 20 per cent on a variety of items and continuation of the tax holiday for renewable energy projects. Funding for solar and wind energy programmes have been raised from 22.9 per cent in 1992-93 to 35.34 per cent of total budget allocation for NCES this year. Biogas, improved chulhas and biomass plantations have all had their funding drop sharply.

Barbarism to animals has a hoary pedigree

Issue Date: Mar 31, 1993
FORMER environment minister Maneka Gandhi's exhortations against cruelty to animals were often extreme -- depriving itinerant animal trainers of their pets or campaigning against the killing of stray dogs even though this could expose children to rabies.

Fresh light illumines search for dark matter

Author(s): P S Sandhu
Issue Date: Mar 31, 1993
ASTRONOMERS are excited about the recent observations made by the satellite ROSATwhich provide the strongest evidence yet that as much as 90 per cent of the matter in the universe is invisiblewhose presence is indicated by its gravitational pull on matter in space.
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