Issue Date: Mar 31, 2011
A MEGADROUGHT in parts of Africa and Asia about 17,000 years ago led to mass migration of humans and animals. It is regarded as the most severe in the last 50,000 years. Rainfall in this drought-hit region is caused when winds from the northern and southern hemispheres converge ne-ar the equator. This area is called the In-tertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). Till now it was believed the mega-drought was caused because the zone shifted southwards. But researchers at Paul Smith’s College, New York, reckon that many other forces were at play.