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Water Management

Departure from tradition

The total area of Chittor fort is about 500 hectares (ha). The average depth of the reservoirs is about two metres, and with the total area of all reservoirs inside the fort being roughly 200 ha, they can owe about four billion litres (l) of water. Total rainwater that can be collected, failing over an area of 400 ha with an average annual rainfall of 700 mm, amounts to a respectable three billion litres. The total water that will be consumed per year by 30,000 people with a daily consumption of 20 l/day/person, would be about 0.2 billion litres.

Ranthambhore's water bodies

Ranthambhore has five large water bodies - Jangali talab, Suksagar talab, Kalasagar, Padmala talab and Renee haud. There is also one perennial spring known as Gupt Ganga. All the talabs have a natural catchment. The biggest is the Jangali talab, Its bund (dam or embankment) is built in such a way that it obstructs the water flowing in from two different valleys. At a corner of the bund is a well from which water can be drawn for drinking.

In crisis

Author(s): Ganesh Pangare
Issue Date: Mar 31, 1997
JODHPUR was founded in AD 1495. While selecting a site for locating the city, its builders must have given serious thought to its water potential and strategic situation.

"We are starved of funds"

Issue Date: Mar 31, 1997
On the re-emergence of diseases that were believed to have been either eliminated or had subsided of their own accord:

Pure stuff

Author(s): S K Gupta, P Sharma
Issue Date: Jan 31, 1997
improved lifestyles in both rural and urban areas necessarily mean better availability and use of water. The emphasis for our planners should, therefore, be on providing the required amount of water at affordable costs in a manner that does not deplete or degrade the source.

Finding the course at last

Issue Date: Jan 15, 1997
with Prime Minister (pm) Sheikh Hasina Wajed of Bangladesh and her Indian counterpart H D Deve Gowda signing the 30-year agreement on sharing of the Ganga waters, it seems that the two countries have finally resolved their long-standing dispute. The treaty is the third of its kind, after 1975 and 1977, and has been hailed by both the pm s as being "fair and just".

In Focus

Issue Date: Jan 15, 1997
Parched and thirsty. A more gloomier scenario could not have been predicted for Asian countries in the coming years by the World Bank (WB). And this is in spite of the periodic floods that visit unfortunate shores in China, Bangladesh, Thailand, Indonesia, Cambodia and elsewhere. Water supplies in Asia, earlier in plenty, have become scarce due to rapid industrial expansion, rising standards of living and growing populations. A break-up of several Asian countries foresees drought-like conditions for most. A recent

Water rows

Issue Date: Nov 30, 1996
a new United Nations ( un ) agency, set up primarily to resolve conflicts of the sea, has taken shape. Inaugurated mid-October in Hamburg by the un secretary general, Boutros Boutros Ghali, the tribunal will administer the un Convention on the Law of the Sea ( unclos ) to solve water disputes.

In the nick of time

Issue Date: Oct 15, 1996

The unsilenced valley

Author(s): Rahul
Issue Date: Jun 15, 1996
VISITORS to the remote Sondwa block of Jhabua district in Madhya Pradesh (MP) are often taken aback by the sight of water scaling the steep hills to irrigate fields. This seeming defiance of the law of gravity is a system devised by Bhil tribals which takes advantage of the peculiarities of the terrain to divert water from swiftly flowing hilly streams into irrigation channels called pats.
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