icrn phw energy cse dte gobar times rwh csestore iep aaeti
Water Management

"Watershed management is not equitable"

Author(s): Rakesh Agarwal
Issue Date: Apr 15, 1997
On the higher value model of watershed development advocated by him: Conventional watershed development models demand land and water resource development in an entire area which is classified as the watershed and does not discriminate between the land of the rich and the poor. But the higher value model of watershed development upgrades the concept of traditional watershed in favour of the poor people. On the implementation of this higher model:

Martial ambience

The Chittor fort was a stronghold of the Raiputana state and, Itill the 16th century, capital of the Raiput house of Gehlots. The fort is constructed on the top of a huge oval-shaped hill. around 152 in high. The steep slopes make the fort inaccessible from all sides. Chliftor had to suffer several invasions and sieges, as it was believed that no Invader could subdue Mewar unless the Chittor and Kumbhalgarh forts were conquered. This great fort saw fierce battles for its subjugation three times.

Departure from tradition

The total area of Chittor fort is about 500 hectares (ha). The average depth of the reservoirs is about two metres, and with the total area of all reservoirs inside the fort being roughly 200 ha, they can owe about four billion litres (l) of water. Total rainwater that can be collected, failing over an area of 400 ha with an average annual rainfall of 700 mm, amounts to a respectable three billion litres. The total water that will be consumed per year by 30,000 people with a daily consumption of 20 l/day/person, would be about 0.2 billion litres.

Ranthambhore's water bodies

Ranthambhore has five large water bodies - Jangali talab, Suksagar talab, Kalasagar, Padmala talab and Renee haud. There is also one perennial spring known as Gupt Ganga. All the talabs have a natural catchment. The biggest is the Jangali talab, Its bund (dam or embankment) is built in such a way that it obstructs the water flowing in from two different valleys. At a corner of the bund is a well from which water can be drawn for drinking.

In crisis

Author(s): Ganesh Pangare
Issue Date: Mar 31, 1997
JODHPUR was founded in AD 1495. While selecting a site for locating the city, its builders must have given serious thought to its water potential and strategic situation.

"We are starved of funds"

Issue Date: Mar 31, 1997
On the re-emergence of diseases that were believed to have been either eliminated or had subsided of their own accord:

Thirsty islands

Author(s): Kailash
Issue Date: Mar 31, 1997
THE islands in the Bay of Bengal are facing a shortage of fresh water almost every summer. Despite the abundant sea water and more than 3,000 mm rainfall in the region, many of the islands are unable to store the fresh water. The availability of water has been affected by the rapidly growing population in different islands. There has been a nine-fold increase in the total population of the islands between 1951 to 1991 (from 3 1,000 to 278,000) - Andaman's population alone rose more than 12-fold from 19,000 to

Pure stuff

Author(s): S K Gupta, P Sharma
Issue Date: Jan 31, 1997
improved lifestyles in both rural and urban areas necessarily mean better availability and use of water. The emphasis for our planners should, therefore, be on providing the required amount of water at affordable costs in a manner that does not deplete or degrade the source.

Finding the course at last

Issue Date: Jan 15, 1997
with Prime Minister (pm) Sheikh Hasina Wajed of Bangladesh and her Indian counterpart H D Deve Gowda signing the 30-year agreement on sharing of the Ganga waters, it seems that the two countries have finally resolved their long-standing dispute. The treaty is the third of its kind, after 1975 and 1977, and has been hailed by both the pm s as being "fair and just".

In Focus

Issue Date: Jan 15, 1997
Parched and thirsty. A more gloomier scenario could not have been predicted for Asian countries in the coming years by the World Bank (WB). And this is in spite of the periodic floods that visit unfortunate shores in China, Bangladesh, Thailand, Indonesia, Cambodia and elsewhere. Water supplies in Asia, earlier in plenty, have become scarce due to rapid industrial expansion, rising standards of living and growing populations. A break-up of several Asian countries foresees drought-like conditions for most. A recent
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