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Poverty

Mind over matter

Author(s): Anil Agarwal
Issue Date: Nov 30, 1998
THOUGH the world focuses only on one form of poverty that is financial there are two other forms - ecological poverty and povert of the mind or mental poverty - that are even more relevant for the rural poor for they are closely associated with the state of the environment. When I had first visited Jhabua in 1984, it was a degraded moonscape. Its transformation into a green village came as a pleasant surprise to me. After the transformation of Jhabua, I had another pleasant surprise last fortnight. It was seeing the changing face of Alwar.

Growing apart

Issue Date: Nov 30, 1998
Current economic growth patterns: the rich get richer, the poor get poorer. Take a look at the patterns of consumption between 1975 and 1995. The world's richest people - only

Winners all

Issue Date: Nov 15, 1998
The Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences awarded the 1998 Nobel prize for economics to Amartya Sen. Sen's pioneering work in measuring poverty and inequality and probing the reasons for the economic famines in the Third World countries won him the esteemed pri2e. He became the sixth Indian to win a Nobel and the first Asian laureate in the field of economics.

NIGERIA

Issue Date: Nov 15, 1998
Large dams bring poverty in their wake to the thousands who get affected by their construction. The latest is the Kainji Dam, built on Niger river in Nigeria. According to reports from the BBC World Service, at least 100,000 people in western Nigeria were forced to flee their homes after floodwaters overflowed from the dam. More than 60 villages have been completely washed away, said the report. And the death toll is huge.

THE PHILIPPINES

Issue Date: Sep 15, 1998
The Philippine government is compelled to take major steps to ease poverty and unemployment in the drought-stricken Southeast Asian region. The farm sector, which analysts say has been neglected by administrators in the past, is reeling under drought conditions propelled by the El Nino phenomenon and is desperately in need of money to boost agricultural production. The agricultural sector needs at least us $1.9-2.3 billion a year to get moving.

Cause of death: poverty

Issue Date: Aug 31, 1998
Death and disease are closely linked to economic well-being. The greatest number of people in sub-Saharan Africa or India die due to communicable diseases, which have close associations with poverty and lack of health care. Communicable diseases do not kill so many in the developed parts of the world, such as Europe or North America. These are the findings of a 1996 study, The Global Burden of Disease (GBD), by researchers at the World Health Organisation and Harvard University, USA.

In Focus

Issue Date: Jun 30, 1998
The Punjab government has ordered a probe into a series of suicides by small and marginal farmers and landless workers in Sangrur district of the state. This decision was taken by Punjab chief minister Prakash Singh Badal after a Chandigarh-based human rights group, Movement Against State Repression (MASR), found that nearly 100 farmers in the Lehra block of Sangrur district had committed suicide in the past four years. These farmers were facing acute poverty and indebtedness.

Beyond progress

Issue Date: Jun 15, 1998
compulsory acquisition of land by public and private sector companies often displaces people, forcing them to give up their homes, assets, means of livelihood and even vocation. More often than not, the affected families are driven towards poverty a state of relegation, loss of livelihood and destitution.

Our country, our mess

Issue Date: May 31, 1998

Rooster calls no more

Issue Date: May 15, 1998
in front of a poultry firm in district Jhabua, Madhya Pradesh ( mp ), a board catches the eye. With a furious looking photograph of a black chicken, it declares: "Kadaknath, pride of Madhya Pradesh." It is, literally. Even the flesh, bone and skin of the species known as Kadaknath is black. Local people call it kala mans (black meat). This variety is unique to Jhabua.
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