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Wind power projects push land costs sky-high

Issue Date: Apr 15, 1993
THE TAMIL Nadu government's decision to encourage private industries to set up wind turbines has received a good response and with an increasing number of industries rushing to buy land, prices, have boomed in the two areas developed for wind farming - Muppandal in Kanniya-kumari di'strict and Kayattar in Chidambaranar district. Tamil Nadu generates the highest amount of electricity from wind

Boosting industry will tax resources base

Issue Date: Mar 31, 1993
Proposals to promote industrialisation in ecologically fragile but genetically rich areas such as the Himalayan states and the island territories have drawn equal flak from both environmentalists and environment and forest ministry officials, who say they will take the issue up with the Planning Commission.

Meagre allocation for R&D

THE BUDGET gives only marginal, if any, benefits to public-funded research and development, though it opens the door to private funding of this sector. The overall S&T budget of Rs 3,903 crore is 19.6 per cent more than the revised estimates for 1992-93. Only a few departments, such as the departments of space, of electronics and of non-conventional energy sources, actually benefit from the increase.

Industries get long rope to rein pollution

Author(s): Gopal K Kadekodi
Issue Date: Mar 31, 1993
ECONOMIC reforms launched in India in July 1991 were aimed at bridging fiscal and monetary imbalances and reducing the balance of payments. Associated with these conspicuous disproportions was the environmental imbalance, which economists set aside as externalities. But with increasing global concern about the environment, India, too, has started responding to the problem.

A bonus for the middle class consumer

Issue Date: Mar 31, 1993
FINANCE Minister Manmohan Singh has presented a budget that seeks to push the economy from stabilisation to growth, through structural adjustments. In order to give a boost to exporters, he has moved from partial to full convertibility and reduced customs duties on imports. To ensure there is no resulting threat to domestic manufacturers, Singh has simultaneously reduced excise duties on domestic goods so as to stimulate demand. These measures will give a fillip to middle-class consumerism while simultaneously forcing Indian companies to compete with their foreign counterparts.

Cursory look at science-development links

Author(s): Shobhit Mahajan
Issue Date: Mar 31, 1993
THAT SCIENCE and technology (in the broadest sense) have something to do with development is accepted now almost universally. From the discovery of iron to the harnessing of steam, technology has played a major role in determining the level of economic development of any era. This is as true today in the time of ceramic superconductors, as it was in the ancient times of Painted Grey Ware.

The efficient way of looking at waste disposal

Author(s): Uday Shankar
Issue Date: Mar 31, 1993
"WASTE is only a resource unused," believes Satyesh Chakravarty, a former professor of resource studies at the Indian Institute of Management in Calcutta. He maintains waste disposal has become a major urban problem simply because urban refuse is treated as waste -- and not as resource.

Technology policy draft is irritant to many

Author(s): Manoj Gairola
Issue Date: Mar 31, 1993
INEFFECTIVE funding and easily accessed foreign technology are twin reasons for Indian industry's halfhearted funding for research and development. In 1990-91, industry's share of the R&D expenditure of Rs 4,186 crore was only Rs 970 crore, or about 23 per cent. In comparison, industry's R&D funding in technologically progressive countries was about 80 per cent.

Brushing aside environmental costs

Issue Date: Mar 15, 1993
ISRAEL'S citrus industry, part of its drive to "make the desert bloom", is a spectacular success story with export earnings in the US $150-250 million range, depending on the quality and quantity of the crop. But, increasingly, critics complain the citrus industry is exporting in effect the country's most precious natural resource -- subsidised water.

Integrated development essential for India

Author(s): Srila Dasgupta
Issue Date: Mar 15, 1993
WESTERN urbanisation began with the Industrial Revolution and was accompanied by both economic and social development. But in India and most other developing countries, urbanisation does not reflect development. India's urban population increased from 10.84 per cent in 1901 to 25.72 per cent in 1991, but the majority of Indians still live in rural areas.
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