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Industry

A bonus for the middle class consumer

Issue Date: Mar 31, 1993
FINANCE Minister Manmohan Singh has presented a budget that seeks to push the economy from stabilisation to growth, through structural adjustments. In order to give a boost to exporters, he has moved from partial to full convertibility and reduced customs duties on imports. To ensure there is no resulting threat to domestic manufacturers, Singh has simultaneously reduced excise duties on domestic goods so as to stimulate demand. These measures will give a fillip to middle-class consumerism while simultaneously forcing Indian companies to compete with their foreign counterparts.

Cursory look at science-development links

Author(s): Shobhit Mahajan
Issue Date: Mar 31, 1993
THAT SCIENCE and technology (in the broadest sense) have something to do with development is accepted now almost universally. From the discovery of iron to the harnessing of steam, technology has played a major role in determining the level of economic development of any era. This is as true today in the time of ceramic superconductors, as it was in the ancient times of Painted Grey Ware.

The efficient way of looking at waste disposal

Author(s): Uday Shankar
Issue Date: Mar 31, 1993
"WASTE is only a resource unused," believes Satyesh Chakravarty, a former professor of resource studies at the Indian Institute of Management in Calcutta. He maintains waste disposal has become a major urban problem simply because urban refuse is treated as waste -- and not as resource.

Technology policy draft is irritant to many

Author(s): Manoj Gairola
Issue Date: Mar 31, 1993
INEFFECTIVE funding and easily accessed foreign technology are twin reasons for Indian industry's halfhearted funding for research and development. In 1990-91, industry's share of the R&D expenditure of Rs 4,186 crore was only Rs 970 crore, or about 23 per cent. In comparison, industry's R&D funding in technologically progressive countries was about 80 per cent.

Bickering stalls formation of R&D authority

Author(s): Manoj Gairola
Issue Date: Mar 15, 1993
MINISTER of state for science and technology P R Kumaramangalam's announcement of the formation of a body to select and finance industrially useful projects is caught in a contention over its funding and scope. Hectic meetings are under way in New Delhi's Technology Bhawan to finalise the shape of the proposed Indian Research and Development Authority (IRDA), which will consist of industrialists and scientists.

Ministerial reprieve

Issue Date: Mar 15, 1993
The Union ministry of environment and forests (MEF) had several New Year presents for Indian industry. Environment minister Kamal Nath -- for the umpteenth time -- relaxed his schedule for gross polluting industries to clean up or face closure.

Brushing aside environmental costs

Issue Date: Mar 15, 1993
ISRAEL'S citrus industry, part of its drive to "make the desert bloom", is a spectacular success story with export earnings in the US $150-250 million range, depending on the quality and quantity of the crop. But, increasingly, critics complain the citrus industry is exporting in effect the country's most precious natural resource -- subsidised water.

Integrated development essential for India

Author(s): Srila Dasgupta
Issue Date: Mar 15, 1993
WESTERN urbanisation began with the Industrial Revolution and was accompanied by both economic and social development. But in India and most other developing countries, urbanisation does not reflect development. India's urban population increased from 10.84 per cent in 1901 to 25.72 per cent in 1991, but the majority of Indians still live in rural areas.

Proposed Japanese "colony" encounters protests

Author(s): Ishwara Bhat
Issue Date: Feb 28, 1993
BANGALORE is witnessing dramatic protests these days against foreign businesses.

Bringing polluters to book

SINCE 1991, the Balotra municipality has been levying a tax of Rs 15 for every bale of cloth coming into the town for processing and dyeing. The levy was started by the State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) on complaints by farmers downstream about groundwater pollution and will be used to fund a common effluent treatment plant to be built by the Rajasthan State Industrial Development and Investment Corporation Limited (RIICO). The fund-collection should be over in a year and construction in another year.
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