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Technology policy draft is irritant to many

Author(s): Manoj Gairola
Issue Date: Mar 31, 1993
INEFFECTIVE funding and easily accessed foreign technology are twin reasons for Indian industry's halfhearted funding for research and development. In 1990-91, industry's share of the R&D expenditure of Rs 4,186 crore was only Rs 970 crore, or about 23 per cent. In comparison, industry's R&D funding in technologically progressive countries was about 80 per cent.

Boosting industry will tax resources base

Issue Date: Mar 31, 1993
Proposals to promote industrialisation in ecologically fragile but genetically rich areas such as the Himalayan states and the island territories have drawn equal flak from both environmentalists and environment and forest ministry officials, who say they will take the issue up with the Planning Commission.

Brushing aside environmental costs

Issue Date: Mar 15, 1993
ISRAEL'S citrus industry, part of its drive to "make the desert bloom", is a spectacular success story with export earnings in the US $150-250 million range, depending on the quality and quantity of the crop. But, increasingly, critics complain the citrus industry is exporting in effect the country's most precious natural resource -- subsidised water.

Integrated development essential for India

Author(s): Srila Dasgupta
Issue Date: Mar 15, 1993
WESTERN urbanisation began with the Industrial Revolution and was accompanied by both economic and social development. But in India and most other developing countries, urbanisation does not reflect development. India's urban population increased from 10.84 per cent in 1901 to 25.72 per cent in 1991, but the majority of Indians still live in rural areas.

Bickering stalls formation of R&D authority

Author(s): Manoj Gairola
Issue Date: Mar 15, 1993
MINISTER of state for science and technology P R Kumaramangalam's announcement of the formation of a body to select and finance industrially useful projects is caught in a contention over its funding and scope. Hectic meetings are under way in New Delhi's Technology Bhawan to finalise the shape of the proposed Indian Research and Development Authority (IRDA), which will consist of industrialists and scientists.

Ministerial reprieve

Issue Date: Mar 15, 1993
The Union ministry of environment and forests (MEF) had several New Year presents for Indian industry. Environment minister Kamal Nath -- for the umpteenth time -- relaxed his schedule for gross polluting industries to clean up or face closure.

Proposed Japanese "colony" encounters protests

Author(s): Ishwara Bhat
Issue Date: Feb 28, 1993
BANGALORE is witnessing dramatic protests these days against foreign businesses.

Paying nature's bill

Author(s): Anil Agarwal
Issue Date: Feb 15, 1993
IN THE last 100 years of industrialisationindustrial firms have sought to increase their efficiency and profitability through increases in labour productivity. One fallout of this was the replacement of human labour with machines thatin turnhas resulted in heavy natural costs as industries became increasingly energy- and material-intensive. All this has happened partially because materials and energy have been cheap.

Carpet industry in UP faces boycott threat

Issue Date: Feb 15, 1993
THE INSISTENCE of foreign importers on not buying Indian carpets woven by children has begun to tell at every level in a Rs 750-crore industry in which weavers, exporters and the government have vital stakes.

How images can break or make corporations

Author(s): Nitya Jacob 
Issue Date: Feb 15, 1993
HOW IMPORTANT is a chief executive's personality in the way a corporation works? Very, says Matthew Lynn in this book. In a game with billions at stake, it is a rare breed of people who have the vision and the nerve to stay the course and win. Roy Vagelos of the US-based Merck and Paul Girolami of UK's Glaxo were two chief executives who shaped the activities of their corporations in the 1970s and 1980s.
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