Environment and science related updates from across the world
Deforestation had stripped th republic of Korea of half its forest cover, contributing to severe erosion, repetitive flood and drought damage and a decrease in agricultural production which threatened national food security. Recognising the importance of forests’ watershed and soil protection functions, the government undertook an intensive forest rehabilitation effort. A recent report studies the effort and its effect, providing a lead to other countries
The Rapid Survey on Children shows a new trend of an increased access to healthcare for marginalised communities like Dalits, Adivasis and Other Backward Classes in the last decade. However there is a long way to go in achieving in delivering nutrition and sanitation to these communities
A new study by World Bank analyses the relative contributions of different components of household livelihoods to observed changes in poverty. It shows that poverty decline is associated with a significant increase in labor earnings, explained in turn by a steep rise in wages for unskilled labour, and diversification from farm to nonfarm sources of income in rural areas. Certain social groups (Adivasis and Dalits) are found to be more likely to stay in or fall into poverty and less likely to move out of poverty. And even as poverty has reduced dramatically, the share of vulnerable population has not.
An assessment by World Meteorological Organization (WMO) on global climate shows that 2015 saw many records broken. Modern records for heat were broken: 2015 was a record warm year both globally and in many individual countries. Heatwaves were extremely intense in various part of the world, leading to thousands of deaths in India and Pakistan. Record extreme precipitation led to flooding that affected tens of thousands of people across South America, West Africa and Europe. Need for adaptation and mitigation is urgent, as per the report
In context of World Water Day, a new report by the Asian Development Bank said the availability and security of water in Asia seems to be under threat from many sources: population growth, urbanisation, increasing water pollution, the excessive extraction of groundwater, water-related disasters, and climate change. Current planning and management have proven insufficient to address the challenges of meeting society's diverse needs for water. Countries face the challenge of improving agricultural water productivity and satisfying growing industrial water requirements while protecting water quality
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