Congo leases 30% of its land
The Republic of the Congo has invited South Africa's farmers to help it become self-sufficient in food production.
South Africa, the continent's top maize producer, has one of the most advanced agriculture sector. Dubbed the biggest land deal in recent
African history, Congo has offered 10 million hectares of farmland--almost 30 per cent of the country--to grow maize, soybean and for poultry
and dairy farming, said South Africa's main farmers union AgriSA. The deal is a 99-year, no-cost lease. To woo the farmers, the government also
offers several tax exemptions, allows taking profits out of the country and does not restrict selling the produce outside the two countries.
Years of political crisis and civil unrest have ruined Congo's agriculture; the country imports 99 per cent of its food.The government aims to be
food sufficient in five years.
A mayor and 100,000 e-cars
Mayor of London Boris Johnson announced plans to make the city the electric car capital of Europe. He pledged about US $30 million for
100,000 electric cars and infrastructure for 25,000 charging points across London by 2015.
A week later, the UK government said it would offer subsidies up to US $7,500 on each electric or plug-in hybrid car from 2011 as part of its
low-carbon transport initiative.
Green groups criticized the initiative saying electric cars will do no good to the environment unless the government shifts to renewable energy
sources such as wind power.
Germany protects pig breeding
Pig farmers in Germany have appealed to revoke a patent that protects a pig-breeding technology. The technology helps farmers identify if the
pig has a particular gene that gives them more meat. Farmers use this for selective breeding. The farmers, along with ecologists and politicians,
demonstrated outside the European Patent Office in Munich on April 15, the eve of the deadline for objections to the patent. The office had
granted exclusive rights to US-based Newsham Genetics in July 2008, but will now study the objections. Farmers fear Newsham Genetics could
extend the patent to cover the animals' genes, forcing them to pay royalties for their traditional livestock. Ecologists said since it is not a genetic
technology, it should not be patented.
Mexico cuts water supply
Water reservoirs of Mexico City are at a record low following poor rainfall. This has prompted authorities to curtail supply to a fifth of the
population in the Mexican capital.
The National Water Commission said the situation is alarming and criticized the city administration for its deficient distribution network. Forty per
cent of the water pumped from the reservoirs, the Cutzamala dam system, is lost in leaks from the city's old water distribution pipes. The city
overexploits its aquifers, some of which are pumped eight times faster than they can recharge. A recent report by the National Statistics and
Geography Institute said in the past 60 years Mexico's per capita water availability has fallen 75 per cent.
Somalia acts on foreign ships
Somalia has revoked fishing licences to foreign vessels and is working on a new law to safeguard local fishers and regulate the activities of
foreign ships in its waters.Local fishers had complained they were forced out by foreign-owned vessels, mostly of European origin.
The number of foreign ships in southern Somalia had increased after pirates chased them from the north. "An estimated 220 foreign-owned
vessels are engaged in unlicensed and illegal fishing in Somali waters," said Abdirahman Ibbi, the fisheries minister. He acknowledged it is
impossible for the transitional government to monitor the exploitation. The war-ravaged country has the longest coastline in Africa and has
abundant marine resources.
Zimbabwe's stained diamonds
The global diamond certification body, the World Federation of Diamond Bourses (wfdb), banned trade in
diamonds from Zimbabwe. The decision followed reports suggesting proceeds from diamonds from the Marange diamond fields had been used
to fund human rights violations by President Robert Mugabe's government. A report by Partnership Africa Canada, a non-profit, said by January
2009 the diamond fields resembled a military garrison, where authorities were forcing villagers from Marange to mine, said the report. Harare
has denied the charges. wfdb said this violates the Kimberly Process, a system to ensure that diamonds do not
Zimbabwe is the fifth African country whose diamonds have been banned for fuelling conflict.
carbon capture & storage
Australia sets up institute
Australian prime minister Kevin Rudd launched an institute that will become a technology hub for the controversial carbon capture and storage
(ccs) research. Funded with US $70 million of taxpayers' money a year, the Global ccs
Institute aims to develop 20 commercially viable plants across the world by 2020. Sixteen governments and
over 50 companies, most of them engaged in mining and energy, are supporting the initiative. India did not support it.
Scientists doubt the technology's viability. There are no commercial-scale ccs plants in the world, except a few
small-scale demonstration plants.
French company under scanner
France's public sector nuclear energy giant Electricit de France (edf) has been spying on Greenpeace since
2004. It was also seeking intelligence on the environmental group's activities in the UK, Belgium and Spain, where it has substantial business
The allegations came to light in early April when the French media reported details of a judicial investigation into the 2006 hacking of computer
systems used by Greenpeace-France. edf had hired a private detective agency to spy on environmentalists. The
detective agency has admitted its involvement in the court. Greenpeace has called for the suspension of edf's chief
executive officer and demanded the government establish an independent assessment of the nuclear industry as well as open and democratic
debate on nuclear power in France. Greenpeace's anti-nuclear campaign regularly targets edf, which runs 58
nuclear reactors in France.
Mexico may legalize marijuana
|US National Organization for Reform of Marijuana Laws said legalization will save the US $14 billion a year
Mexico's Congress recently debated legalizing marijuana for personal use as part of a possible strategy to tackle the country's powerful drug
Although President Felipe Calderon opposed the idea, several legislators including the opposition Democratic Revolution Party leaders,
supported it saying legalization would regulate and tax marijuana and bring down crime rates. More than 10,560 people have been killed in drug
violence along the Mexico-US border since Calderon launched a military crackdown on trafficking cartels in 2006. Interior Department official
Blanca Heredia said the number of addicts rose from 307,000 in 2002 to 465,000 in 2008. The debate--also open to academics, experts and
government officials--was not to result in concrete action. The Congress would consider viewpoints before it begins considering proposed bills
for legalizing marijuana.
The debate ended a day before US President Barack Obama arrived in Mexico City for talks on the drug war. In 2006, the government passed a
bill decriminalizing possession of small amounts of marijuana but, following pressure from the US, the then President Vicente Fox vetoed the law.
Lethal meningitis hits Chad
Chad declared an epidemic after a virulent strain of meningitis claimed 102 lives and infected 900 people between January and mid-April. The
presence of the lethal W135 strain is worrying as it spreads fast, said health minister Ngombaye Djab. The vaccine is expensive and is not
available in the country, he said. The government has urged who
to carry out a mass vaccination drive in the
country. The strain was last seen in Chad 10 years ago.
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