Centre launches MGNREGA 2.0

30 new types of work added to the rural job guarantee scheme list to restore demand for work under UPA's flagship welfare programme

By Richard Mahapatra
Last Updated: Saturday 04 July 2015

The rural development ministry relaunched the programme which guarantees work to the rural poor on May 8. The revised programme was in the works for the past eight months. Dipping demand for work under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) and widespread corruption severely dented the flagship programme which is credited with helping the Congress-led UPA government win a second consecutive term in 2009.

Aptly named MGNREGA 2.0, 30 new works have been added to the programme's list. Earlier, only eight types of works were allowed. The programme now covers almost every source of rural livelihood in every agro-ecological zone, from poultry to fishery and from watershed development to sanitation works. In the past five years of its implementation, states have been demanding expansion of the programme's list of works keeping in mind local conditions. The reforms are expected to increase job demand under the programme. 


However, the new programme will focus only on 2,000 development blocks where job demand has been high. Mihir Shah, the Planning Commission member who drafted the reforms says, “The focus of the expanded MGNREGA would be on blocks with sizeable population of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and those which were getting Rs12 crore fund a year under the scheme.”

As a first, MGNREGA labour (valued up to Rs 4,500) can be used for building toilets under the Total Sanitation Campaign. In another decision, the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana, a government sponsored health insurance programme for below poverty line households, has now been extended to those who have worked for at least 15 days under the MGNREGS.

On September 1, the ministry of rural development circulated a draft of reforms in the programme. Both the Planning Commission and the Sonia Gandhi-led National Advisory Council gave inputs for it. The suggested reforms included expansion of the work list. Earlier, the reforms were supposed to be implemented by November.

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  • The MGNREGA is a very good

    The MGNREGA is a very good scheme with beautiful guidelines for the rural poor people. The Rural population survives through MGNREGA all these years. The Rural Areas would have been developed like other Metropolitan cities by 2014 as per the fund utilization and centrally allocation. But there is 75% lack of development in implementation part due to the alternation of guidelines by a State Government and most often brain washed by the authorities at the time of inquiry made by a certain NGO or educated unemployed voluntarily activities. As and when important data is sought from the Ministry, The Ministry of Rural Development and Planning Commission of India have internal links with the state government that the data are not made available in the MGNREGA website. This is what we called it TRANSPARENCY government of India. In another word it may called as MGNREGA schemes. Today, there are number of jobless educated unemployed candidates are willing to work for the welfare of their own village but corrective measures cannot be carried out as long as both the Ministry and the State behaves like a husband and wife. The MGNREGA and other rural schemes will work better if all the ongoing and completed data(s) are uploaded on the website Panchayat Raj-wise, District-wise, Block-wise and state-wise. Stop introducing new scheme since even the existing schemes are not put into practical most often. Just introducing new schemes and funding will not do but the Central Team must strictly vigil from time to time without the knowledge of the state government so to avoid bribery and crime suppression or mis-information.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 6 years ago | Reply