Governance

Impact of MGNREGS: household income on rise, so is agricultural productivity  

In the last one decade, it has also helped increase groundwater table by virtue of implementing a range of water conservation measures

 
By Jitendra
Last Updated: Thursday 07 December 2017
The MGNREGS was launched in 2006 by the UPA government in order to provide at least 100 days of guaranteed employment to rural households. Credit: Moyna / CSE
The MGNREGS was launched in 2006 by the UPA government in order to provide at least 100 days of guaranteed employment to rural households. Credit: Moyna / CSE The MGNREGS was launched in 2006 by the UPA government in order to provide at least 100 days of guaranteed employment to rural households. Credit: Moyna / CSE

Once ridiculed by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the flagship scheme for rural employment, Mahatama Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), has been praised by his own government for helping in increasing rural household income. It has not only helped in increasing groundwater table in the last one decade, but also agriculture productivity, mainly cereals and vegetables and fodders.

The MGNREGS was launched in 2006 by the UPA government in order to provide at least 100 days of guaranteed employment to rural households.

When it comes to on the scheme’s impact on sustainable livelihood, there has been an 11 per cent increase in rural household income, 11.5 per cent increase in cereal productivity and 32 per cent increase in vegetable productivity, according to a study conducted by New Delhi-based Institute of Economic Growth.

Moreover, due to the conservation work done under this scheme, there has been a steep rise in groundwater table.

The draft report of the study, which was carried across 30 districts in 22 states covering 1,160 households, has been submitted to the Union Ministry of Rural Development.

“We have made a presentation of our assessment to the ministry last month,” says one of the principal investigators of the study. “The final report will be submitted by the end of the month,” he adds.

The scheme, which was described by Prime Minister Modi as the “living monument of UPA's failure”, has focused on conservation and management of natural resources. And the results are evident. The study claims that around 78 per cent of total households are benefitting from increase in water table. The rise in water table varies from 30 per cent in Muktsar to 95 per cent in Vizianagaram.

Around 66 per cent of households reportedly benefited from availability of fodder on account of the water conservation works—both in public and private lands of small and marginal farmers.

The range of water conservation measures, including farm ponds and dug wells, seem to have made a difference to the lives of the poor.

The improved income from livestock is also evident through individual beneficiary schemes of MGNREGS that provide goat, poultry and cattle shed as per the need of poor households. While the scheme was earlier focused on creation of community assets, in the last three years, individual assets have also been emphasised.

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  • Very nice report

    Posted by: Mahavir Vaishnav | 2 years ago | Reply
  • Very good analysis.reg employment to rural house holds n conservation of natural resources is the novelty of the scheme.natural resource based livelihood enhancement,is the expected outcome to reduce urban migration,n build self confidence among the wage seekers.

    Posted by: T.venkateswara Rao | 2 years ago | Reply
  • positive impact on the natural resource management and wage employment generation in rural areas has been observed due to the implementation of MGNREGA. But the main drawback noticed in the implementation of this flagship program is the faulty/ improper planning.The act mandated the participatory planning . But this aspect has been found missing in the planning process. Creation of durable directly productive economic assets will not only strengthen the rural economic base but also enhance the farm productivity resulting less dependence on wage employment.But the problem lies in the selection of most suitable/appropriate assets which would result in achieving the above mentioned objectives.Therefore ,expert agencies must play an important role in educating the public in the selection of works suitable to there areas.PRIs are getting a lot of funds under 14th FC grant . But thay are spending these funds on very small works rather utilising these funds through convenience with MGNREGA resources.utilisation of these funds through convenience mode can help in creating big durable economic assets.Therefore PRIs are also required to be appropriately capacitated in the proper and effective utilisation of funds.

    Posted by: B.D Sharma | 2 years ago | Reply
  • Respected sir /Madam,
    Warm Greetings from ADRES organisation,
    MGNREG program is very very useful program for poorest of the poor peoples, Landless farmers, Marginal farmers, Rainfalls depending farmers and program implement Local Grampanchyats, Taluk Panchyats and Zilla Panchayats with community Based Organisation take responsibility is important. MGNREG rake some nassary actions regarding Follow up monitoring Evealvation and some extent Misopration of funds, Mismanagement of the program please think about my small sagisation involve Local NGOS, CBOS, Women Forums Youth clubs etc.
    Warm Regards
    Yours Sincerely
    NARAYANASWAMY R

    Posted by: Dr NARAYANASWAMY R | 2 years ago | Reply
  • To strengthen rural economy ray of hope for poor person

    Posted by: Brajkishorejha | 2 years ago | Reply