Governance

WHO announces 'sweeping reforms'

New mission plan for triple-billion target and SDGs, says UN's public health agency

 
By DTE Staff
Last Updated: Thursday 07 March 2019
Photo: Getty Images

The World Health Organization (WHO) announced “sweeping reforms” on March 6, 2019 to “modernize and strengthen” itself. The United Nations agency put out a seven-point agenda to achieve its “triple-billion targets” — core to its strategic plan for the next half a decade.

The public health agency said it would align its “processes and structures” with the triple-billion targets:

  • One billion more people benefitting from universal health coverage
  • One billion more people better protected from health emergencies
  • One billion more people enjoying better health and well-being

Its new structure and operating model would also align with the UN Sustaibale Development Goals (SDG), WHO announced in a statement. Among 17 SDGs set by the UN in 2015, at No.3 was ‘Good Health and Well-being’.

WHO announced a slew of new structures:

  • A division of the chief scientist
  • A department of digital health
  • A division of data
  • A division of emergency preparedness

The organisation proposed a new “state-of-the-art” WHO Academy for its staff and public health professionals globally and said it would streamline recruitment. It also said the focus would be new fund-raising initiatives to increase its base of funders.

The agency’s vision of “the highest attainable standard of health for all people” remained unchanged, but “the world has changed, which is why we have articulated a new mission statement,” WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said.

According to the March 6 statement, WHO would now have four structural pillars:

  • Programmes — to back universal health coverage and healthier populations
  • Emergencies — for critical health security (to respond to crises and help countries prepare)
  • External Relations and Governance — to centralise and harmonise resource mobilisation and communication
  • Business Operations — to ensure more “professionalized” delivery of budgeting, finance, human resources and supply chain

WHO was set up on April 7, 1948 after its constitution was signed by 61 countries on July 22, 1946 at the first meeting of the World Health Assembly. The Geneva-headquartered organisation has six regional offices and 194 members currently.

 

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