India is the largest consumer of antibiotics in the world; we use them indiscriminately and this leads to antimicrobial resistance (AMR). In this condition a microbe becomes resistant to commonly used antibiotics, thus making them ineffective in treating patients. It is feared by 2050, AMR will claim 10 million lives globally. The pipeline of antibiotics is fast drying up; no new molecule has been reported since 1987. In accordance with the World Health Organization's Global Action Plan on AMR, India is formulating its own action plan. But the challenges are enormous—inadequate surveillance leading to poor data collection of patients and even poorer enforcement of guidelines, among others. Karnika Bahuguna speaks to experts to understand the magnitude of the problem and strategies to overcome an overwhelming public health crisis
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