How clean is my country?

A collation of statistics on population density, water, sanitation and hygiene for 100 countries throws up disturbing trends

 
Last Updated: Saturday 04 July 2015

In deep shit
This is what most developing countries are in
Country Total population
(millions)
Annual excrement production
(million metric tonnes)
Annual excrement not disposed of safely
(million metric tonnes)
Afghanistan 28.7 2.7 2.4
Bangladesh 146.7 13.9 7.2
Brazil 176.5 16.7 4
Burkina Faso 13.2 1.3 0.9
Cambodia 12.6 1.2 1
China 1,288.7 122.3 73.4
Ethiopia 70.7 6.7 5.9
Fiji 0.9 < 0.1 < 0.1
India 1,068.6 101.4 73
Iran 66.6 6.3 1.1
Kenya 31.6 3 0.4
Laos 6.0 0.6 0.4
Mali 11.6 1.1 0.3
Mauritius 1.2 0.1 < 0.1
Nepal 25.2 2.4 1.7
Pakistan 149.1 14.1 5.4
Palestine 3.6 0.3 < 0.1
Russia 145.5 13.8 no data
Saudi Arabia 24.1 2.3 < 0.1
Sierra Leone 5.7 0.5 0.2
Somalia 8.0 0.8 no data
South Africa 44.0 4.2 0.5
Sri Lanka 19.3 1.8 0.1
Vietnam 80.8 7.7 4.1
Zambia 12.6 1 0.2
There is a direct link between sanitation and infant mortality. Take Afghanistan. Here, 87 per cent and 88 per cent of the population lack access to improved water supply and sanitation respectively. This translates into deaths of 48,000 children per annum

In Rwanda 92 per cent of excrement is not disposed off safely. This is followed by Afghanistan and Ethiopia at 88 per cent

Among the surveyed countries, Bangladesh has the highest population density of 1,019 people per square kilometre (sq km). Mongolia has the least at 2 people per sq km

519,500 Indian children die annually due to lack of sanitation and poor hygiene. The under-five mortality rate is 93.

Out of the 100 countries studied, Sierra Leone has the highest under-five infant mortality rate at 316, followed by Afghanistan at 257

In both Afghanistan and Ethiopia , 88 per cent of excrement is not disposed of safely. India ns generate101.4 milion metric tonnes of excrement per annum and 72 per cent isn't disposed of.

Poor sanitation and infant mortality
A link still not understood by many
Country Percentage of population without access to improved water supply Percentage of population without access to improved sanitation Estimated annual number of children dying from poor hygiene Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)
Afghanistan 87 88 48,000 257
Bangladesh 3 52 21,000 77
Burkina Faso 58 71 19,300 197
Cambodia 70 83 10,700 138
Ethiopia 76 88 95,500 172
India 16 72 519,500 93
Kenya 43 13 22,000 122
Laos 63 70 1,200 100
Mali 94 31 24,100 231
Sierra Leone 43 34 15,500 316
Somalia no data no data 14,400 225
South Africa 14 13 10,600 71
Zambia 36 22 18,400 202

Source: Anon 2004, Listening, Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council, Switzerland.

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