Scientists at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, have found out the reason behind the sterlity of sinuses, and its advantage. Researchers report that epithelial cells lining these sinuses produce nitric oxide (NO) that is lethal to the bacteria invading the neighbouring nasal cavity. Acting as a vasodilator, NO travels in a diluted form from the nasal cavity into the lungs where it dilates blood vessels and thus enhances oxygen supply. Since patients on ventilators receive air directly from the trachea, they miss out on the NO being generated by their sinuses. The researchers have found that pumping patients with their own nasal air is better than the external administration of the gas.
We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us. Together we build journalism that is independent, credible and fearless. You can further help us by making a donation. This will mean a lot for our ability to bring you news, perspectives and analysis from the ground so that we can make change together.
Comments are moderated and will be published only after the site moderator’s approval. Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name. Selected comments may also be used in the ‘Letters’ section of the Down To Earth print edition.