nine tribes of southern Bihar are reportedly facing extinction due to rampant unplanned industrialisation in the Jharkhand region. Gautam S Rana, chairperson, environmental committee of the state legislative council, who has conducted a survey on tribes like the Asur, Birhor, Birijiya, Korwa, Malpahariya and Pahariya, said their populations have declined alarmingly since 1994.
Rana said that the tribals' life expectancy, following rapid industrialisation, has declined sharply on an average, and claimed that there was no person above the age of 45 years among the Pahariyas of Santhal Parganas. In the past 10 years, south Bihar's total tribal population has declined by three per cent.
He alleged that despite the existence of the Tenancy Act, tribal lands were being appropriated to build commercial structures. Already 32,700 tribals have been displaced by the Central Coalfields Limited and the Eastern Coalfields Limited, besides displacement caused by several mining and dam projects, pointed out Rana.
We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us. Together we build journalism that is independent, credible and fearless. You can further help us by making a donation. This will mean a lot for our ability to bring you news, perspectives and analysis from the ground so that we can make change together.
Comments are moderated and will be published only after the site moderator’s approval. Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name. Selected comments may also be used in the ‘Letters’ section of the Down To Earth print edition.