What states stand to gain from food security law

An estimate of the population that will benefit from the food programme

 
By Jitendra
Last Updated: Monday 17 August 2015

The annual requirement of foodgrains for implementing the food security Bill is estimated at 61.43 million tonnes. The table below indicates what percentage of the population in each state would be covered under the food security law. The Planning Commission has estimated the state-wise percentage coverage based on the National Sample Survey Office's (NSSO) consumption expenditure survey data for 2011-12. The benficiaries will be identified by the respective states.

Percentage of population to be covered in each state

Sl.No. State/UT Estimated state-wise percentage coverage (%)
(Based on 2011-12 NSSO data)
Rural Urban
1 ANDHRA PRADESH 60.96 41.14
2 ARUNACHAL PRADESH 66.31 51.55
3 ASSAM 84.17 60.35
4 BIHAR 85.12 74.53
5 CHHATTISGARH 84.25 59.98
6 NCT OF DELHI 37.69 43.59
7 GOA 42.24 33.02
8 GUJARAT 74.64 48.25
9 HARYANA 54.61 41.05
10 HIMACHAL PRADESH 56.23 30.99
11 JAMMU & KASHMIR 63.55 47.10
12 JHARKHAND 86.48 60.20
13 KARNATAKA 76.04 49.36
14 KERALA 52.63 39.50
15 MADHYA PRADESH 80.10 62.61
16 MAHARASHTRA 76.32 45.34
17 MANIPUR 88.56 85.75
18 MEGHALAYA 77.79 50.87
19 MIZORAM 81.88 48.60
20 NAGALAND 79.83 61.98
21 ODISHA 82.17 55.77
22 PUNJAB 54.79 44.83
23 RAJASTHAN 69.09 53.00
24 SIKKIM 75.74 40.36
25 TAMIL NADU 62.55 37.79
26 TRIPURA 74.75 49.54
27 UTTAR PRADESH 79.56 64.43
28 UTTARAKHAND 65.26 52.05
29 WEST BENGAL 74.47 47.55
30 A & N ISLANDS 24.94 1.70
31 CHANDIGARH 38.54 47.26
32 DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI 84.19 51.54
33 DAMAN & DIU 26.66 56.47
34 LAKSHADWEEP 35.30 33.56
35 PUDUCHERRY 59.68 46.94
ALL INDIA 75.00 50.00

Currently, poor people are provided subsidised foodgrains under the government's Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS). Once the food security law comes into force, the number of beneficiaries will increase significantly in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. More than 150 million people out of the total 170 million population in Uttar Pradesh and more than 87 million of the 103.8 million people in Bihar will be covered under the food programme. This means the number of beneficiaries will more than double in comparison to the present beneficiaries in these two states. In terms of percentage, Punjab will gain five times followed by Rajasthan which gains three times (see table).

State-wise break up of number of beneficiaries
States Present beneficiaries under Targeted
Public Distribution System (in lakh)
Beneficiaries After NFSB
(In lakh)(Rural and Urban)
Andhra Pradesh 193.81 459.40
Assam 107.04 251.52
Bihar 401.81 870.60
Chhattisgarh 105.94 200.04
Gujarat 116.81 383.61
Jharkhand 147.47 262.86
Karnataka 172.72 401.40
Kerala 82.05 154.60
Madhya Pradesh 233.06 546.63
Odisha 174.13 326.20
Maharastra 335.84 696.00
Punjab 27.58 141.95
Rajasthan 146.83 445.98
Tamil Nadu 216.40 366.98
Uttar Pradesh 664.23 1525.60
Uttarakhand 30.97 61.62
West Bengal 281.73 599.96
Total 3041.685 8133.75

The other states where beneficiaries have more than doubled are Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, Uttarakhand and West Bengal.

The other states that have gained considerably in terms of number of beneficiaries are Chhattisgarh, Kerala, Odisha and Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu and Chhattisgarh are two states that have universalised their food security programme.


The National Food Security Bill, 2013

The National Food Security Ordinance, 2013

Food subsidy and its utilisation - report of the Standing Committee

Challenges of food security and its management

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