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Since the late 1960s, many African countries, including Zimbabwe, Namibia, Botswana and South Africa, have adopted a new approach to conservation. They granted legal rights on wildlife to people who own land where the animals are found. Recently, a paper, written by an Australian professor, George Wilson, in Conservation Letters has sparked off a controversy as it said that such practices have helped revive the populations of endangered wild animals. However, this approach is contrary to global conservation practices, including in India, where the government is the key player in managing and regulating wildlife. Rajat Ghai speaks to experts on whether conservation in India should be privatised?
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