Economy

Number of jobless swelled to 197 million in 2015

Nearly 2.3 million more unemployed people will be added this year. The increase in the number of jobseekers has occurred mainly in developing countries

 
By DTE Staff
Last Updated: Tuesday 30 August 2016 | 09:05:54 AM

The share of vulnerable employment is expected to remain at around 46 per cent globally (Credit: iStock)

Global unemployment increased in 2015, touching 197.1 million, around a million more than the previous year.  The number of unemployed people has been predicted to rise by nearly 2.3 million in 2016 and further by 1.1 million in 2017 as per the  World Employment and Social Outlook – Trends 2016.

Less than expected growth of the global economy in 2015 is one of the reasons for higher unemployment rates, the report suggests.

Increase in the number of jobseekers in 2015 occurred mainly in developing countries, says the report. The employment outlook in Latin America, Asian countries (especially China) and oil exporting in Arab states, is expected to have worsened in recent months.

In most developed economies, 2015 was marked by better than anticipated job growth. However, despite recent improvements, unemployment rates remain high in Southern Europe, and unemployment has tended to increase in those developed economies most affected by the slowdown in emerging Asian economies.

The share of vulnerable employment is expected to remain at around 46 per cent globally, says the report. The number of vulnerable workers in emerging economies is projected to grow by around 25 million over the next three years, the report adds.

Slow growth of global economy

The world economy is estimated to have expanded by 3.1 per cent in 2015, over half a percentage point less than the prediction.

The report says that this trend may continue if current policy responses are maintained. It predicts the world economy to go slowly over the next two years, by only around 3 per cent. As per the report, the slow growth is due to weakness in emerging and developing countries like China, Brazil and Russian Federation.

Global trade and investment, after expanding at 6 per cent per year from 1990 to 2011, decelerated to only 2.7 per cent per year in 2012–14. As per the report, the sharpest decline in trade growth was observed in developing economies, where it fell from 9.4% in 1990-2011 to 4.9% per year in 2012–14. Apart from slowdown in BRICS nations, the slowdown has been attributed to weak import demand from developed economies.

The report adds that global economy witnessed a decline in investment spending, which is the most trade-intensive component of domestic demand. Global investment has grown by only 2.6 per cent per year between 2012 and 2014, down from a long-term trend of 2.9 per cent between 1991 and 2011. Even in the case of developing economies that have significant infrastructure gaps, investment declined to an annual average of 3.4 per cent between 2012 and 2014, compared to 3.7 per cent from 1991 to 2011, the report says.

Subscribe to Weekly Newsletter :

Related Story:

Debate: Is GDP a true and accurate measurement of growth?

A Mea Culpa budget

Global economy to grow slightly in 2016: World Bank

India still scores low in human development in UNDP report

IEP Resources:

World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2016

World employment and social outlook: trends 2015

We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us. Together we build journalism that is independent, credible and fearless. You can further help us by making a donation. This will mean a lot for our ability to bring you news, perspectives and analysis from the ground so that we can make change together.

Comments are moderated and will be published only after the site moderator’s approval. Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name. Selected comments may also be used in the ‘Letters’ section of the Down To Earth print edition.

  • I have had been suggesting " Youth Economic Zones" on the lines of SEZ. The vast waste land in the country can be allotted 10 acres each for youth trained in agriculture to grow care free,regenerative and CAM plants like Agave,Opuntia which can be input for Biogaspower/biofuel/biochar etc. 10 such people can form a Co-operative on the lines of Kibbutz in Israel. These plants have multiple uses as well as Seethaphal(Custard Apple) and the approach is "Leaf to Root" so that every part of the tree can be effectively utilised.
    Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP)

    Posted by: Dr.A.Jagadeesh | 2 years ago | Reply