Governance

Ode to politics of consensus: Sheila Dikshit

It would be really unfortunate if we let the Sheila Dikshit way of politics go out of fashion

 
By Sunita Narain
Last Updated: Monday 19 August 2019
Sheila Dikshit, then Kerala Governor, meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Photo: Wikimedia Commons
Sheila Dikshit, then Kerala Governor, meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Photo: Wikimedia Commons Sheila Dikshit, then Kerala Governor, meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Sheila Dikshit, Delhi’s three-time chief minister who passed away on July 21, must be remembered for her politics of consensus and negotiated settlement. This is even more important in today’s age of highly polarised politics.

It is also important if we consider that the objective of a government is to ensure delivery of development. And this is not possible without the ability to manage the contested realities and to seek a collaborative solution. For me, this is the real art of politics. Unfortunately, we seem to be losing this art as hate and loud noise takes over the airwaves and our world.

My encounter with Sheilaji (as she was known) began with a fight. In the late 1990s we were in the Supreme Court, arguing that Delhi’s public transport must switch over to cleaner compressed natural gas (CNG) fuel to combat its then deadly air pollution. This had become adversarial and contentious.

The Union government was dead against it; the diesel lobby was arguing that CNG was explosive and untested. The Delhi government — then headed by Sheilaji — was dragging its feet to make the transition. Queues at petrol pumps were getting longer and longer as CNG was not being delivered; buses were being burnt to show how CNG wouldn’t work. In the Supreme Court, the then Solicitor General of India Harish Salve was hauling up the government for its deliberate inaction. The top court was getting more and more incensed and called for contempt proceedings to start against the Delhi Chief Minister.

Then all this changed. Sheilaji walked into the court personally. She didn’t stand on ceremony; she didn’t join the acrimony. She just ensured that orders were to be followed. As they say, the rest is history.

We worked closely with her government through this period of transition to CNG. She didn’t blink when the going was tough. She had the ability to make her bureaucrats deliver, not as sovereigns, but by including words and ideas from the “outside”. She joined worlds effortlessly and with grace. This is another art in politics we are losing.

In the decade of 2000 attention shifted to public transport to reduce vehicles on the road, and so pollution. I distinctly remember that she came to one of our meetings where we discussed the second-generation reforms after transition to CNG. She didn’t hesitate to chide us. She disagreed that the city could move towards public transport at the scale needed. She didn’t think this was the way ahead. But she didn’t shut the door on us. We persisted and she listened.

I believe it is we who failed her. Not the other way around. When she supported the now-dismantled Bus Rapid Transit System (BRT), it was because she gave chance to seemingly impossible ideas. It is our collective inability to design a system for the complexity of Delhi, which would negotiate with the different road users and not antagonise needlessly, that made the system fail.

But she again did not give up on the ideas. She dismantled the notorious Blue Line bus service, even though it was owned by many of her compatriots. She supported the purchase of a new generation of low-floor and air-conditioned buses — all new and all untested. She understood the need for massive investment in public transport — metro, bus and cycle — to reinvent mobility. Again, it was her governance abilities combined with persuasive powers, without angst and without finger-pointing that brought these changes.

I am writing this not to call out to the current leaders of my city or country. But to reminisce so that we can, perhaps for one moment, think of how politics of consensus will deliver. I know she lost the popular vote in 2013; I know that air pollution and many other problems of this ungovernable city with multiplicity of authorities, grew in her tenure. But the fact is that she never stopped trying. She never shunned responsibility. She mastered that elusive art of pushing for change without fuss.

One of the last times I met her was when she called to ask what she could do about the growing pollution in the city. She had lost the election a few years ago. But she was concerned, even agitated. She wanted to know what more governments could do; what advice could she give.

I told her frankly that she should not try. She would be attacked for not doing enough in her tenure. The blame-game machinery would go on over-drive. But she wrote to governments with her advice. I know, because she called to tell me, with some bemusement that she did not get any responses. What could I say? The courtesy of a response was old-fashioned; her fashion. It would be really unfortunate if we let the Sheila Dikshit way of politics go out of fashion.

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