Most growth projections of Indian economy predict that India will grow at 8 per cent annually in next two decades. Accordingly, the six sectors will grow distinctly but in robust way.
Steel production will increase from 58 million metric tonnes (mMT) in 2008-09 to about 302 mMT in 2030-31. The per capita steel production in 2030-31 will be about 210 kg lower than the 2008 per capita steel consumption in China and the US (321 kg and 373 kg).
Cement production will grow five-fold to 922 mMT in 2030-31. The per capita cement production in 2030-31 will be about 630 kg, about the same as the 2003 per capita cement consumption in China.
Aluminium production will increase from 1.34 mMT in 2008-09 to about 6.4 mMT in 2030-31. The per capita aluminium production in 2030-31 will be about 5 kg, about one-third the current per capita aluminium consumption in Japan.
Paper production will grow from 7.6 mMT in 2008-09 to 28.5 mMT in 2030-31. The per capita paper production in 2030-31 will be about 20 kg. This will be one-fifteenth of the current per capita paper consumption in the US.
Urea production will grow at a much lower rate and will be 36.5 mMT in 2030-31.
The gross power generation will increase from 723 Terawatt-hours (TWh) in 2007-08 to 3,225 TWh in 2030-31. Per capita gross power generation will increase from about 650 kilowatt-hours (kWh) in 2007-08 to about 2,250 kWh in 2030-31. Even so, in 2030-31 per capita gross power generation in India will be just about one-seventh of the current gross power generation in the US.
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