Residents of Lucknow have taken up the task of cleaning the river Gomti
There aren't many people around in the streets of Lucknow on an early Sunday morning. But the banks of the Gomti are swarming with people. For over two years, a group of Lucknow's residents gather on Sunday to clean up the river. The group does not have a name, but as they meet every Sunday, they are known as the Sunday club.
Gomti is the most polluted river in Uttar Pradesh. River water monitoring by Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board reveals the water is unfit for consumption. The dissolved oxygen level should be more than six milligramme per litre (mg/l) for the water to be supplied as drinking water after disinfection. But this is as low as 1.2 mg/l in Gomti water. The Biological oxygen demand (bod) is found to be as high as 6.6 mg/l at places when it should be less than 2.0 mg/l. The most terrifying is the coliform count. It is as high as 2,300,00 million per 100 millilitres at places when it should be less than 50 million per 100 millilitres to be supplied as drinking water.
The problems related to the river are too many and too diverse. For a city of more than 2.5 million residents there is not a single sewage treatment plant and around 25 drains empty 300 million litres of untreated sewage and wastewater into the river every day. Worse, the only sewerage farm has been closed down to make way for a new residential colony. The location of the barrage, to maintain the water level at water intake for the city is around two kilometres downstream and stops the flow of the river making it stagnant in this area. Between the intake and the barrage around 22 drains empty 250 million litres of wastewater per day. To make the matter worse, the government has set up a cattle colony just above this, and the highly contaminated water is supplied as drinking water.
The state government has failed to clean up the Gomti, after having spent nearly Rs 45 crore. The government's Rs 237.40 crore-Gomti Action Plan (gap) is a non-starter. Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam (upjn), the main authority concerned with the action plan has sworn itself to unreasonable secrecy. They have been wasting money for preparing plans that do not work. Down To Earth made several attempts to contact R K Khanna, chief engineer of upjn, but he remained elusive. "Government always make grand plans, only to siphon off a major part of this money," says S M Akhtar, vice president, Lucknow First, a Lucknow based non-governmental organisation.
They started with one of the most polluted banks of the river at Lucknow. Not to let their effort go waste they cordoned off the area, preventing further pollution and got the authorities to comply with their demands. The efforts bore fruit. The area turned to an oasis in the desert, a clean, green stretch in the middle of highly polluted Gomti bank. The clean stretch was converted into a boating club and is a popular picnic spot today.
The group does not have any kind of rules and regulations. "We do not intend to become a registered body or for that matter to take funds from anyone," says Shukla. Nobody is forced to join. They do not advertise and shy away from publicity.
Every Sunday these enthusiasts continue their work. There's fire in each one of them that makes them get up before sunrise and go out for the task. Clean up the river Gomti and Lucknow, a commitment they seem to have made to themselves.
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