Animal conservation in India brings creatures like tigers to mind. But many commonly talked about creatures are in need of public attention as well. Here are some of the species on India’s Red List that we need to talk about more
Once on the verge of extinction, the Asiatic lion has remarkably recovered in the Gir forests of Gujarat. The entire population, however, remains vulnerable due to limited habitat and potential disease outbreaks. This article has been curated by Village Square and is part of a special collaboration for Endangered Species Day on May 19, 2023. Photo: Shutterstock
Asian Elephants are revered in Indian culture, but face threats like habitat fragmentation, human-elephant conflicts and poaching for ivory and body parts. The initiatives for conservation focus on securing habitats, minimising human-elephant conflicts and raising awareness. Photo: Shutterstock
The wild water buffalo, native to the wetlands of northeastern India, is critically endangered. Hunting and interbreeding with domestic buffalo pose additional challenges to their survival. Implementing regulated breeding programmes and protecting their habitats are some conservation efforts being made for them. Photo: Shutterstock
Indian vultures have declined due to the use of the veterinary drug diclofenac in livestock, which causes renal failure in vultures since they feed on cattle carcasses. Conservationists are working to get the drug banned and establish vulture-safe zones to aid their recovery. Photo: Shutterstock
Found in the rivers of northern India, the gharial is a unique and critically endangered reptile — threatened by river pollution and accidental entanglement in fishing nets. Conservation programmes for gharials focus on habitat restoration, captive breeding and raising public awareness. Photo: Shutterstock
A majestic deer species found in the Valley, the Kashmir stag is also known as hangul. It is now critically endangered due to loss of habitat, overgrazing and poaching. Its conservation efforts involve habitat restoration, community engagement and anti-poaching measures. Photo: Shutterstock
The blue whale is a migratory marine mammal species found in the waters around India. It faces threats such as ship strikes, entanglement in fishing gear and ocean noise pollution. Initiatives to conserve the blue whale aim to reduce these threats through shipping regulations, protected areas and public education. Photo: Shutterstock
Earlier, the great Indian bustards were present in the whole of western India and parts of Pakistan. But as per the official counting done in 2017, only 150 remain now. They mostly die after colliding with high-tension wires, windmills and solar panels, and their eggs are devoured by other animals. A focused bustard conservation programme is needed to tackle these issues. Photo: Radheshyam Bishnoi
This fish is found in rapid streams, rivers and lakes in the Himalayan region. The species is now threatened due to pollution, loss of habitat and over-fishing. A total of 47 species of mahseer exist in the world, out of which 15 are found in India. Bringing public awareness, improving water health and implementing fishing rules are some of the ways in which its population can be boosted. This article has been curated by Village Square and is part of a special collaboration for Endangered Species Day on May 19, 2023. Photo: Shutterstock
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