Indications are that the National Development Reforms Commission that will replace the Planning Commission will not have financial allocation powers
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has finally cleared all doubts regarding the fate of the Planning Commission. In his first Independence Day speech, he declared a new body in place of the Planning Commission, to be called the National Development Reforms Commission. He gave enough hints on how the new body would look like by saying: “From the time when the Planning Commission was set up and now, there is a difference. Federalism is taking roots and we need to reflect this change."
Since his government came to power in May this year, there have been speculations over the Planning Commission. Last month, things finally moved when Modi's office got feedback on an alternative institution. This happened for the first time after the Commission was set up through a Cabinet order on March 15, 1950.
Modi has promised that by October the details of the new body will presented before Parliament. Though it doesn't require any parliamentary approval, given the importance of the move, the government may just decide to seek its approval.
Mandate for new body
Former Planning Commission members, who spoke to Down To Earth, point at tentative structure of the new body.
First, the new body will not have any financial allocation power as it is with the outgoing body. States have been demanding that they must have autonomy over how to spend Central assistance and allocation. This is what Modi meant when he said that times have changed since the Commission was set up.
Second, the body will look at more administrative reforms to make delivery of development effective and efficient. In all probability, the new body will be attached to the expenditure department. Its role is going to be that of an expert body looking at specifics of delivery while giving powers to the states to decide on priority areas of expenditure.
Third, the new body will retain its high profile by directly reporting to the prime minister or to his office. Currently, the prime minister is the ex-officio chairperson of the Commission.
Bank accounts for all
Modi's speech also touched on many other key development challenges; financial exclusion, for example. He has declared a Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana to ensure a bank account for all. Financial inclusion has been a major focus area for the government and it has promised at least two accounts for every household.
Model villages inspired by Ralegaon Siddhi
The other big declaration is of a new Adarsh Gram Yojana. This seems to be a replication of a similar scheme in Gujarat. In fact, Maharashtra has one Adarsh Yojana scheme, based on the village development plan of Ralegaon Siddhi and initiated by Anna Hazare. Anna Hazare has been advising many states, including Gujarat, on such schemes.
It may be a precursor to reforms in rural development programmes. According to a senior rural development ministry official, the new scheme will integrate all schemes, including the MGNREGA at village level. According to him, the scheme will take off from a select number of districts.
Sanitation on mission mode
Sanitation is another issue that the prime minister touched upon. He said it was matter of shame that people, especially girls and women, still defecate in the open as they have no toilets at home. Lack of sanitation continues to be an international embarrassment for the country and is attributed to high malnutrition rate in the country.
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