Climate Change

Anil Agarwal Dialogue 2015

Published: Wednesday 11 March 2015

What should be the approach to deal with local health impacts of cooking fuels that would also inform India's national and global policy?
Author: Sunita Narain
Chulhas – cookstoves of poor women who collect sticks, twigs and leaves to cook meals – are today at the centre of failing international action. Women are breathing toxic emissions from stoves and these emissions are also adding to the climate change burden of the world. The 2010 Global Burden of Disease Report established that indoor air pollution from cookstoves is a primary cause of disease and death in South Asia. As many as 1.04 million pre-mature deaths and 31.4 million disability adjusted life years (DALYs) – measure of years lost due to ill-health, disability or early death – are related to exposure to biomass burning in poorly ventilated homes.
Experts draw attention to high child mortality and morbidity among women and children because of inefficient cook stoves
Author: Kundan Pandey
Highlighting the health hazards associated with cook stoves that burn biomass, experts attending the Anil Agarwal Dialogue-2015 have urged policy planners to promote alternative clean fuels and clean cook stoves.

Former secretary with government of India (GOI), S B Agnihotri, pointed out that the rate of poverty eradication in India was far better than the rate of providing energy access to people.
Experts highlight the hazards of indoor air pollution; call for urgent shift to clean cooking fuel
Author: Kundan Pandey
Household air pollutants are responsible for the death of more than 4.3 million people in 2012; more than 50 per cent of them were women and children. These were few of the factors highlighted at the ongoing Anil Agarwal Dialogue where experts discussed health challenges posed by indoor pollution. The two-day Dialogue is being organised by Delhi-based Centre for Science and Environment (CSE).
More than 80 million households in India lack access to electricity; about 75 million of these are in rural areas
Author: Kundan Pandey
The divide between rural and urban India in terms of their access to electricity is quite stark. According to Census 2011, 80.7 million households in India live without electricity and of these about 75 million households are in rural areas.
Manufacturers demand government support for innovation
Author: Kundan Pandey
The campaign to encourage the use of cook stoves for cooking faces many challenges, funds and quality being the two main problems. This was observed by Anurag Bhatnagar, head of Grassroots Trading Network for Women promoted by Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA).
India is world's second largest producer of bricks, but the environmental cost of producing cheap bricks is huge
Author: Nivit Kumar Yadav
Countries of the South have a massive “under-construction” agenda – as much as 70 per cent of India, for instance, is yet to be built. Vast quantities of material are going to be needed to build homes, offices and factories. The chief building material thus far has been bricks. The standard practice is to dig clay and mud from fields, make it into bricks, and then fire them in inefficient furnaces using a variety of fuels. Brick kilns operate across the world – from China to Peru – and burn anything that is cheap and available to fire.

Centre for Science and Environment’s (CSE) 2015 paper reviewing practices across the world finds that brick kilns are estimated to consume 110 million tonne of coal in Asia – with China using 50 million tonne. Kilns have huge variations in efficiency and it could take anything between 11 to 70 tonne of coal to fire 100,000 bricks.
India employs double the number of labourers than China, yet produces one-fifth of China’s annual brick production of 1 trillion
Author: Jitendra
At least 10 million labourers in India are employed in the unorganised brick kiln industry, working under unhygienic conditions. China’s brick kiln industry, on the other hand, is more organised and less labour-intensive, says a research paper  published by the Delhi-based environment think tank, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE).
Contribute 10% to the total air pollution in south Delhi, 11% in Patna, 30% in Dhaka
Author: Jitendra
A study claims that brick kilns near south Delhi contribute around 10 per cent of the total air pollution in the area. The fuels used in the brick kilns—agri-wastes, powder coals and used tyres—can also be linked to 15 per cent of the total premature deaths due to air pollution in the area. 

Sarath Kumar Guttikunda, founder-director of Goa-based non-profit Urban Emission, presented the study at the annual conference of the Centre for Science and Environment. The three-day event, themed “The poor in climate change”, started in Delhi on March 11.
65 per cent of bricks produced in India are manufactured in the Gangetic plains, which have one of the world’s most fertile alluvial plains
Author: Jitendra
Unorganised brick kiln industries are not just emitting black carbon and polluting the air, they are also destroying the fertile top soil.

According to a research paper released by the Centre for Science and Environment on March 11at the Anil Agarwal Dialogue in Delhi, India is the second largest producer of bricks in the world and manufactures nearly 200 billion bricks a year. The paper states that 65 per cent of these bricks are produced in the Indo-Gangetic plains, which have one of the world’s most fertile alluvial plains.
Push for Euro VI as the new emissions standard across EU; recommend improvising Bharat II standard for India
Author: Anupam Chakravartty
The Euro V emissions standard, notified in 2009, may have been a mistake, experts said at the Anil Agarwal Dialogue 2015, an annual event organised by Delhi-based non-profit, Centre for Science and Environment.

Ray Minjares, who led the programme on Clean Air for International Council of Clean Transportation (ICCT), an international think tank, said that European emission standards had failed to take real-world emissions into account.
Black carbon has claimed 1.15 million lives across the world
Author: Anupam Chakravartty
Unlike carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that remain in the atmosphere for years, black carbon takes roughly 10 days to be cleaned out from the atmosphere. Despite its short life span, black carbon has claimed 1.15 million lives worldwide. This was observed by experts at the plenary session of the Anil Agarwal Dialogue (AAD) for 2015, an annual event of the Centre for Science and Environment in memory of its founder, Anil Agarwal. AAD 2015 focuses on short-lived climate pollutants under the theme, 'the poor in climate change'.
CO2 mitigation has to be conjoined with methane and black carbon mitigation to keep temperature rise below 2°C
Author: Sunita Narain, Chandra Bhushan & Anumita Roychowdhury
The world is clearly slipping on its targets to reign in heat-trapping carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Action on cutting carbon dioxide emissions is not easy as the world has to re-invent growth as it knows it today to reduce emissions, and it has to share that growth between nations.

In the past few years, attention has turned to the basket of gases known as ‘short-lived climate pollutants’ – which unlike carbon dioxide have a much shorter life in the atmosphere. Out of these, the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) had long recognised methane, nitrous oxide and hydrofluorocarbons as greenhouse gases. In the mid-2000s, another candidate emerged, black carbon – the dark core of particulate matter, which is a product of incomplete combustion and already a deadly local pollutant, contributing to high health burden.
Comparing global warming potential of CO2 and black carbon has its limitations
The understanding about black carbon has come a long way since the nebulous beginning in the seventies, when all the world understood was suspended particulate matter (SPM) – a local pollutant from incomplete combustion, indicted for pollution from fires and vehicles.

It is now understood that black carbon comes from all combustion processes, all dust generating activities, secondary particulates – nitrates and sulfate, and the condensation of gases into liquid droplets. Black carbon is largely a product of low temperature combustion of carbonaceous fuels, and incomplete combustion. The composition of black carbon varies by the type of fuel used, the combustion process, and emission control technologies or practices. Black carbon particles vary in size and can be much smaller than PM2.5 and as small as PM0.1. These last up to minutes, hours and one week or little more in the atmosphere depending on the combustion process and size.
It is known to alter melt cycle of glaciers and interfere with rainfall patterns
Black carbon and snowmelt: Black carbon can also accelerate ice-melt when they settle on snow. The bright snow surfaces reflect a high amount of solar energy back into space. But black carbon absorbs substantial fraction of this energy and re-emit it as heat. The Arctic and the Himalayas are therefore vulnerable. Black carbon on glacial snow is a concern as it alters the melt cycle of glaciers in regions that rely on glacial melt to balance water supply through seasons. These impacts are highly regional depending on the local profile and trend of pollution and transport of pollution. There is now considerable focus on the Arctic and alpine glacier regions and the Himalayan glaciers.
Focus on black carbon may lead to developed nations shifting burden of tackling climate change to the less affluent
There are concerns that focus on black carbon can change the geo politics of climate mitigation responsibility. Developing countries still trapped in poorer technologies that burn fuels inefficiently may be blamed for climate impacts and pushed for tougher climate action. There are apprehensions that the new science can be misused. The developed nations that are the biggest emitters of CO2 and under the common but differentiated principle have the larger responsibility for early action to allow developing countries to improve energy access and grow, may delay action on CO2 mitigation. The UNEP Integrated Assessment Report of 2012 shows that Northeast Asia, Southeast Asia and the Pacific account for the largest share of global black carbon emissions. China accounts for 60-80 percent of the emissions in the region. North America and Europe account for second largest share.
The Speakers
National Atmospheric Research Laboratory, Department of Space, Government of India
Dr A. Jayaraman is director, National Atmospheric Research Laboratory Department of Space, Government of India. He received his Doctorate degree in Atmospheric Sciences from Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, Gujarat University. One of the lead authors of IPCC's Climate Change 2001, he is the recipient of several national and international awards, including a shared 2007 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). He is also vice president of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) for 2014-18.
Centre for Science and Environment
Anumita Roychowdhury is executive director, Research and Advocacy, Centre for Science and Environment. She has worked extensively to build the policy advocacy and public awareness campaigns on clean air and sustainable mobility as part of her sustainable cities programme. She has helped to build some of the key policy campaigns at the Centre on air quality improvement strategies, including the natural gas vehicle programme in Delhi and the green building and green habitat agenda. She has participated in and played an active role in several important national and global forums on environmental issues. She has published numerous articles and policy research papers and co-authored books on air pollution and transport that have catalysed the Right to Clean Air campaign at the Centre.
Grassroots Trading Network for Women
Anurag Bhatnagar heads Grassroots Trading Network for Women (GTNW). Promoted by SEWA (Self Employed Women's Association), GTNW aims to provide micro-finance to a million-plus SEWA families. It aims to deliver sustainable livelihoods by marshalling innovative financial tools and harnessing existing strengths.
Centre for Science and Environment
Aruna works as a programme officer in the Renewable Energy Programme in Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), New Delhi. She specialises in the field of solar energy and decentralised distributed generation. She has an MSc Energy Policy and Sustainability from the University of Exeter, UK and a BA Economics Honours degree from Jesus and Mary, Delhi University.
Biogas forum of india
Dr Atma Ram Shukla superannuated as advisor (bio-energy) in the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy in September 2011 after working for the ministry for about 29 years. He has about 42 years of experience in policy, planning, developing national-level renewable energy R&D and technology demonstration projects and dissemination programmes and their implementation.
California Air Resources Board
Bart Croes is the chief of the Research Division for the California Air Resources Board, with responsibilities for California's air quality and climate change research programmes, mitigation of high global warming potential gases, health effects, economic analysis and indoor air quality. He holds a MSc in Chemical Engineering from the University of California at Santa Barbara and a BSc in Chemical Engineering from the California Institute of Technology, and is a registered professional chemical engineer in the state of California.
Energy Auditor, Nepal
Bhishma Pandit works as an energy efficiency expert in the brick sector and helps industries and federations of Nepalese brick associations in technology transformation for cleaner brick production. He has carried out more than 20 energy and environmental audits in brick kilns and conducted many training programme in brick kilns and brick-making technologies. His experience in energy audit is in Asia, Latin America and Africa for agencies such as GIZ, World Bank, USDA and UNDP.
World Health Organization
Dr Carlos Dora is a health policy expert with WHO. He manages the WHO unit in charge of providing guidance health risks (air pollution, indoors and outdoors, radiation, occupation), as well as monitoring, evaluation and tracking related policies and health impacts. Dr Dora leads WHO's work on "Health in a Green Economy" analysing health co-benefits from climate change mitigation policies, and is developing WHO's work on health indicators for post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals. He is engaged in the health co-benefits of sustainable energy initiatives, including SE4All, GACC and CCAC.
Centre for Science and Environment
Chandra Bhushan is the deputy director general of Centre for Science and Environment (CSE). He heads the Industry and Environment programme, Pollution Monitoring Laboratory, Food Safety and Toxins, Renewable Energy, Climate Change Policy and Advocacy and Training teams. He is also consulting editor for the fortnightly Down To Earth. He has a diverse and distinguished track record in research, writing and policy advocacy. His five groundbreaking books on the lifecycle analysis of industries are used by Indian industry and policymakers as handbooks for improving environmental policy and practices. He advises several institutions as part of advocacy for global environmental issues. He is also a member the working groups for reforming pollution regulations and regulatory institutions under the Twelfth Five-year Plan of the Government of India.
Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport
Cornie Huizenga's is the secretary general of the Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT), the largest multistakeholder partnership on sustainable, low carbon transport in developing countries. The SLoCaT Partnership promotes the integration of sustainable, low-carbon transport in global policies on the post- 2015 development agenda and the post-2015 climate change policy discussion. Cornie Huizenga played a lead role in the development of the Voluntary Commitments on Sustainable Transport at the Rio+20 conference, including the unprecedented US $175 billion for more sustainable transport by the world's eighth largest multilateral development banks as well as the transport-related commitments made at Secretary General Ban Kimoon's Climate Summit in September 2014.
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Dr Damodar Bachani is in charge of the national monitoring framework and action plan for noncommunicable diseases with the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.
IIT Delhi
Dr. Dilip Ganguly is an Assistant Professor in the Centre for Atmospheric Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi, India.
National Transport Commission, Sri Lanka
Don Jayaweera is a fellow of the Special Program of Urban and Regional Studies of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA (1997-2001). He worked in the Ministry of Transport and Highways as deputy director from 1985 for 20 years until he became the Secretary and at the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) during his stay at MIT for his doctoral programme.
Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves
Donee Alexander is the Program Manager, Environment and Health for the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves. She works on issues related to co-benefits of adopting clean cooking. She has worked as a postdoctoral scholar at the University of Chicago where she managed a randomized controlled intervention trial evaluating household air pollution and pregnancy outcomes in Ibadan, Nigeria. She has eight years of experience evaluating the health effects of household air pollution in low-income countries. She holds a PhD from the University of Washington in environmental engineering and has lived and worked in both Latin America and West Africa.
United Nations Environment Programme
Elisa Dumitrescu is a consultant with the United Nations Environment Programme's (UNEP's) Transport Unit of the Division of Technology, Industry and Economics. She works with regional ministerial forums, national and local governments, industry groups, NGOs and technical experts to help address CO2 and non-CO2 emissions from cars through improved standards for fuel quality and vehicle emission limits. Elisa has worked on renewable energy applications in urban settings, urban greening and the remediation of toxic and radioactive pollution hot spots in developing countries.
Climate and Health Research Network
Ellen Baum is executive director of Climate and Health Research Network, CHeRN, an organisation founded to provide support in bringing together teams of climate and air quality experts to conduct their work with as much focus and as little distraction as possible. She has served as senior scientist for nearly two decades at the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit organisation dedicated to reducing atmospheric pollution through research, advocacy and private sector collaboration. While at the Clean Air Task Force, she undertook a two-year assessment examining the energy, environmental and financial performance and brick-maker input for five major brick-firing technologies in South Asia. An extensive report, Brick Kilns Performance Assessment: A Roadmap for Cleaner Brick Production in India, and two papers in peer-reviewed journals came out of the work.
World Bank
Gary Kleiman is a senior environmental specialist on the policy team within the Climate Change Group of the World Bank in Washington, D.C. Consulting internationally for the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation, Gary has worked on low carbon development options in the Republic of Indonesia and helped establish a GHG emissions accounting framework for low-carbon special economic zones in Bangladesh. He is currently working to demonstrate the multiple benefits of reducing greenhouse gases, short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) and traditional air pollution simultaneously.
Vietnam National University
Dr Hoang Anh Le earned his master's degree in VNU University of Science, Hanoi, Vietnam, and another one in on Environmental Engineering Management from the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT, Thailand). He went on to earn his PhD in Environmental System Engineering from the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST, Korea). He is a lecturer at the Faculty of Environmental Science, VNU University of Science, the largest member of Vietnam National University (VNU) in Hanoi.
University of California
Prof. Smith is professor of Global Environmental Health and founder and director of the campus-wide Masters Program in Global Health and Environment. He was also founder and head of the Energy Program of the East- West Center in Honolulu. He serves on a number of national and international scientific advisory committees, including the Global Energy Assessment, National Research Council's Board on Atmospheric Science and Climate, the Executive Committee for WHO Air Quality Guidelines, and the International Comparative Risk Assessment of the Global Burden of Disease Project.
EcoSouth network, Grupo Sofonias
Dr Kurt Rhyner is the coordinator and founding member of the ecosur network as well as Grupo Sofonias, a non-profit organisation with active bases in Nicaragua, Ecuador, Haiti, Namibia, Cuba and Switzerland. He is involved in the conception of projects, analysis of technologies and materials appropriate to specific situations. Dr Rhyner's work involves developing Grupo Sofonias from a small team into a mini-multinational organization, with active bases in Nicaragua, Ecuador, Haiti and Switzerland, and affiliated organisations in Namibia and Cuba, and building up EcoSouth Network for an Ecological and Economical Habitat into a dynamic information exchange with a south-south focus and impact.
Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau
Li Kunsheng is director, vehicles emission management, of the Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau. He graduated from the Beijing Institute of Technology. He has worked since 1999 in the Beijing Environmental Protection Board (EPB) in the area of vehicle emission pollution protection. He is currently working towards making 6th emission preordered standards for new light duty and heavy duty vehicles and set up platform to control heavy duty vehicles emission for Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.
Husk Power Systems
Manoj Sinha is the cofounder and director of Husk Power Systems. He has raised both equity and debt capital for Husk Power Systems. He has helped raise over US $3.5 million in equity capital (both dilutive and non-dilutive) and has also got a commitment of US $1 million in debt capital. Manoj also manages corporate relationship with Fortune 500 companies and is involved with new business development opportunities outside India.
Center for International Climate and Environmental Research - Oslo
Dr Marianne Tronstad Lund is a senior research fellow at the Center for International Climate and Environmental Research - Oslo (CICERO). Dr Lund holds a PhD from the Department of Geosciences at the University of Oslo on the climate impacts of emissions from transportation. She works on quantifying the climate impacts on different temporal and spatial scales of short-lived climate forcers and greenhouse gases from specific emission source regions and economic sectors using modelling tools with varying complexity.
University of British Colombia
Professor Brauer is the director of Bridge Program, a strategic training fellowship program linking public health, engineering and policy. Dr Brauer received bachelor's degrees in Biochemistry and Environmental Sciences from the University of California- Berkeley and a doctorate in Environmental Health from Harvard University. He has served on advisory committees to the World Health Organisation, the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, the US National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Society of Canada, the International Joint Commission and governments in North America and Asia. He is an associate editor of Environmental Health Perspectives and a member of the Core Analytic Team for the Global Burden of Disease.
Vehicle Technology Expert, US
Michael P. Walsh is currently special adviser for the Global Strategy, International Council on Clean Transportation. A mechanical engineer, he has spent his entire career working on motor vehicle pollution control issues at local, national and international levels. In 2009, he received the Silver Magnolia Award from the city of Shanghai and in 2010 he received the Friendship Award from China, the highest award for international experts in China. He is the founding chairman of the board of directors of the International Council on Clean Transportation.
Wienerberger India
Monnanda Appaiah has since 2010 been the managing director of Wienerberger India Private Limited, a fully owned subsidiary of Wienerberger AG, Austria, world leaders in clay building products, in existence since 1819. Mr Appaiah has done his Metallurgical Engineeing from NIT, Surathkal and Management Development Program from Alcan, Canada, and was previously employed with the Aditya Birla group.
IIT Kanpur
Dr Mukesh Sharma is professor of Civil Engineering at IIT Kanpur, India. He works in areas of air quality monitoring, modelling and management, exposure assessment and simulation. He has published/presented over 100 papers in national and international journals and conferences. He is principal investigator of several international research projects from Norway, France, World Bank, US and various agencies in India, and participated in several national and international committees on environmental protection.
ARAI, Pune
Mr Neelkanth Marathe is a graduate in mechanical engineering from University of Jabalpur, India. He began his professional career in engine development division with Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI), Pune. Moving through several responsible positions, he presently heads the Power Train Engineering division and is responsible for engine and transmission design and development projects.
Centre for Science and Environment
Nivit Kumar Yadav completed his MTech from Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, in Energy and Environment. He is a programme manager in the sustainable industrialisation team of Centre for Science and Environment (CSE). He has been a part of several flagship programmes of CSE, such as the Green Rating Project, Regulators Programme and research and capacity building in South Asia. He has been researching on the issues and challenges associated with the brick kiln sector in India and South Asia.
Prayag Clay Products Pvt. Ltd, Varanasi
Om Prakash Badlani is the founder and chairman of Prayag Clay Products Pvt. Ltd, Varanasi, and vice president of Int Nirmata Parishad, Varanasi. He is one of the leading brick manufacturers in India and has successfully adopted technologies like extrusion, dust pressing, biomass gasification for power generation. Badlani has installed the first soft mud brick moulding machine in India. He has played a pioneering role in the development of natural draught zigzag technology and has provided this knowhow to several brick makers on turnkey basis. He has paid back to the Industry by a unique initiative i.e. NeBriTA (Next Gen Brick Training Academy) at Varanasi, which provides vocational and technical training to the new generation of manpower involved in the brick industry.
Samuchit Enviro Tech Pvt. Ltd
Dr Priyadarshini Karve has experimented with cook stove designs and biomass fuels and disseminated biomass energy technologies since 1991. Since 2000, she has strived to create sustainable channels for households to access biomass energy technologies through her work as project coordinator with Appropriate Rural Technology Institute (ARTI) and as director, Samuchit Enviro Tech Pvt. Ltd (SET), Pune.
Member, Auto Fuel Policy Committee
Dr R. K. Malhotra is a member of the Auto Fuel Policy Committee and former chairman and director (R & D), Indian Oil Corporation. He is a mechanical engineer with over 37 years of research experience in fuels and lubricant technologies, automotive technologies, fuel efficiency and vehicle emissions, tribology, alternative energy, nanotechnology and gasification. As a research leader he has received several recognitions in recent years, including the HART Energy Global Award, SCOPE Meritorious Award, PETROFED Innovator of the Year Award (thrice) and the CSIR Science and Technology Award from the prime minister
Prakti Design
Ravi is the chief financial officer (CFO) and strategy officer for Prakti Design. He also works as a consultant for a startup technology company. His mission is to make a difference to the bottom of the demographic pyramid by helping social enterprises and charity organisations manage their operations efficiently and strategise their goals for maximum impact. Ravi's last job was developing and managing the annual and three-year strategic financial and business plans for Pepsi Canada.
International Council on Clean Transportation, US
Ray Minjares works at the International Council on Clean Transportation, San Francisco, USA. He earned a masters degree in Public Health with a concentration in health policy and management from the UC Berkeley School of Public Health. He leads the Program on Clean Air, where he distills policy-relevant science of non-CO2 pollutants into best practice policies for the transportation sector. His expertise centres on climate impacts of black carbon and other short-lived pollutants, as well as methods for assessment of health impacts from vehicle emissions exposure on the global scale.
IAS (Retd)
Dr. S.B. Agnihotri has been Secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. He has also worked extensively in various departments of the Government of India, including director general (Acquisition) in the Ministry of Defence, additional secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture, director general (Shipping), joint secretary in the Cabinet Secretariat and various positions in the state government of Orissa.
Greentech Knowledge Solutions Pvt. Ltd
Dr Sameer Maithel is an energy technologist, specialising in field performance measurements, market research, formulation and management of projects/programmes, policy advice for transfer and diffusion of clean energy technologies. He is founder and Director of Greentech Knowledge Solutions Pvt. Ltd (GKSPL), a New Delhibased research and consultancy company providing consulting services for design of energy-efficient buildings; improving energy efficiency and environment performance of micro and small enterprises; and deployment of decentralised renewable energy technologies. Since 1995, he has been part of several energy- and climate-related projects supported by SDC in India, Vietnam, Nepal, Bangladesh and South Africa.
Gram Oorja Solutions Pvt Ltd
Sameer Nair is the cofounder of mini-grid operator Gram Oorja Solutions Pvt. Ltd and has an experience of over two decade in rural electrification, banking, software and investment banking.
Urban Emissions Info
Dr Sarath Guttikunda is director of an independent research group UrbanEmissions.Info and an adjunct associate professor at the Center for Climate Studies at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay. His research interests are in studying the impact of emissions at urban, regional and global scales, using modeling and survey tools at various complexities. For recent reports/papers, refer to http://www.urbanemissions.i nfo
Development Alternatives
Dr Soumen Maity is senior general manger at Development Alternatives. He currently leads the technology management business at TARA. He has undertaken feasibility studies for the introduction of cleaner brick production practices in Nepal, Afghanistan, Vietnam, Indonesia and Bangladesh. Currently, he is advising the Government of Bangladesh and introducing cleaner brick production practices and technologies for the improvement of environment quality throughout Bangladesh.
Prayas Centre for Labour Research and Action
Sudhir Katiyar works with Prayas Centre for Labour Research and Action (PCLRA), an NGO that seeks to ensure access to labour rights to the vast mass of seasonal migrant workers in India. PCLRA has worked with brick-kiln workers in several states, including Gujarat, Rajasthan, Telengana, Odisha and Chhattisgarh, organising them into trade unions and linking them with public services, like schooling, Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and health. It has mapped the migration streams to document the seasonal flow of workers. It sponsored a Time Motion Study by IIT Bombay to establish the human energy consumed in making bricks.
Centre for Science and Environment
Sunita Narain is the director general of Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), director of the Society for Environmental Communications and publisher of the fortnightly magazine, Down To Earth. A writer and environmentalist who uses knowledge for change, she was in 2005 awarded the Padma Shri by the Indian government. She has also received the World Water Prize for work on rainwater harvesting and for its policy influence in building paradigms for communitybased water management. Narain began her work in the early 1980s, as a coresearcher with Anil Agarwal, an eminent and committed environmentalist who gave the country its environmental concern and message. She has devoted time to build the capacities of CSE so that it can function as an independent and credible institution, influencing public opinion and advocating change.
Technology Informatics Design Endeavour (TIDE)
Dr Svati Bhogle is the secretary and chief executive officer of Technology Informatics Design Endeavour (TIDE) where she has led technology-related sustainable development projects and spearheaded policy initiatives through her work with the Indian government's rural energy policy. She has created a distribution system to counter the inefficient use of cooking stoves by street food vendors in India, enabling them to easily own fuelefficient stoves. Built on ecological considerations, these improved stoves increase vendor incomes and ensure better health conditions for vendors and their consumers.
Enzen Global Solutions
Dr. Uma Rajarathnam heads Clean Energy and Environment Practice (CEEP) at Enzen. She had illustrious career with reputed institutes namely The Energy and Resource Institute (NEERI) and National Environmental Engineering Research Institute. She has over 22 years of rich experience in providing expert solutions and advisory services in the areas of household energy, indoor air pollution, climate change and energy efficiency solutions. She has been worked on various assignments with international bodies namely Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), World Health Organization (WHO) The World Bank and United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). She has been awarded with Fulbright Indo American Environment leadership Program (Fulbright-IAELP) fellowship.
Varsha Joshi is joint secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India. She is a 1995 batch IAS officer of AGMUT (Arunachal Pradesh- Goa-Mizoram and Union Territory) cadre of the IAS.
International Council on Clean Transportation
Vicente Franco is a researcher in the International Council on Clean Transport (ICCT) Europe team. His focus area is HDV and LDV emissions modelling and simulation. Before joining the ICCT, he worked for the European Commission Joint Research Centre in Ispra (Italy), where he researched methods to improve the instantaneous accuracy of measured vehicle emission signals. He holds an MS and a PhD in industrial engineering from Universitat Jaume I, Spain.
Biodiversity Conservation of India Limited
Vinay Tippannavar is vice president of the ZED Project, Biodiversity Conservation of India Limited (BCIL), Bengaluru. He helps translate BCIL's mission at the ground level for all ZED projects, both residential and commercial. He presides over project execution and value engineering, energy and water services, and carbon mapping needs of every construction project. He manages a team of over 70 professionals in design, construction, green metric and measurement and supply chain. A one-time state-level football player, Vinay loves to don his "innovation hat" while "teamwork" is his mantra.
IIT Bombay
Dr Vinish Kathuria is professor at Shailesh J. Mehta School of Management, IIT Bombay. His teaching and research activities are mainly in the fields of Productivity and Economics of Industrial and Urban pollution. He has over 100 publications including in international journals such as World Development, Energy Policy, Energy, Ecological Economics, Journal of Environmental Management, Transportation Research, Technological Forecasting and Social Change among others. He is a recipient of 2010 P.C. Mahalanobis National Award given by the Indian Econometric Society (TIES) Trust.
IIT Delhi
Professor Vijay is coordinator of the MNREsponsored Biogas Development and Training Centre at IIT Delhi and general secretary of Biogas Forum - India (BIGFIN), a movement for biogas and biofertiliser development in India. The is the Indian coordinator for the Sustainable Energy and Environment Forum, a consortia of 20 Asian countries for sustainable energy and environment development, headquartered in Kyoto University, Japan.


Plenary Session
Health impacts of black carbon
By: Michael Brauer
National emission inventory of black carbon in India
By: Dr. Mukesh Sharma & Umed Paliwal
Review of Vietnam Policy
By: Hoang Anh Le
Energy poverty in India
By: Satish B Agnihotri
Programme Schedule
Tweets #AAD2015
Anil Agarwal Dialogue 2014
Anil Agarwal Dialogue 2014

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