Rs 13,000 crore to be spent on green India mission in next 5 years

Parliamentary Committee on Estimates pulls up Centre for failing to increase forest cover in the country

By Kumar Sambhav Shrivastava
Last Updated: Monday 17 August 2015

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved an expenditure of Rs 13,000 crore on plantation and forest restoration in the country over the next five years. This will mark the beginning of the implementation of the National Mission for a Green India (GIM), one of the eight national missions of the government under its National Action Plan on Climate Change.

The decision of the CCEA made on February 20 came a day after the Parliamentary Committee on Estimates pulled up the government for failing to increase the forest cover in the country. In its report presented to Parliament, the committee expressed disappointment that despite India having a National Afforestation Programme running since 2002, the forest cover in the country has decreased.

The plan

The mission plan prepared by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests was supposed to be launched in 2012-13 (at the inception of the 12th five-year plan) with the target of improving the quality of five million hectares of degraded forests and bringing another five million hectares of non-forest areas under forest cover in 10 years. The total cost of the mission is estimated to be Rs 46,000 crore. But the plan was stuck because of delay in financial approvals.

Of the total Rs 13,000 crore approved for the mission for the next five years, Rs 6,000 crore will be spent in convergence with the Compensatory Afforestation Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) fund meant for compensatory afforestation in lieu of forestland diverted for development projects and Rs 4,000 crore in convergence with MGNREGS. About Rs 2,000 crore will be spent from the Planning Commission’s plan outlay and Rs 1,000 crore will be spent from the national afforestation programme and forestry grant for keeping forest cover intact, as  recommended by the 13th Finance Commission.

“In the next five years, we’ll work on improving forest cover through eco-restoration projects and increase forest cover in newer areas through agro-forestry and farm-forestry,” said an official in the environment ministry. For the next five years the mission’s target will be to cover 2.8 million ha area. “We are identifying the landscapes for GIM on the basis of five criteria which include forest cover status, wildlife corridor value, vulnerability to climate change, watershed areas and improving livelihood of forest dependent communities,” said the official.

An official release of the ministry said that the gram sabhas and the committees mandated by the gram sabhas, including revamped joint forest management committees (JFMCs), will oversee the mission implementation at the village level. “Revamped forest development agency (FDA) under the chair of an elected representative at district/division level, revamped state forest development agency with a steering committee chaired by the chief secretary and an executive committee chaired by the principal chief conservator of forests will work at the state level. A governing council, chaired by the minister of environment and forests and a national executive council chaired by the Union environment secretary will facilitate mission implementation at the national level.”

Forest rights activists have expressed doubts over the ministry's move to revamp JFMCs as part of the GIM process. They question the relevance of forest-department controlled JFMCs at the village level when Forest Rights Act recognises the rights of the communities to own and manage forest resources. Besides, the availability of land for additional plantation is also a big question (see 'Green Mission: raise forests, sink CO2'). 

India finalises National Mission for a Green India with people-centric forestry at its core

Green India Mission: India’s REDD+ action plan to disempower and evict forest communities from their own homelands

National mission for a green India

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  • Which one is

    Which one is acceptable?
    please confirm.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 6 years ago | Reply
  • It is more scientific that

    It is more scientific that JFMC acts only as a nodal agency with each region being specific in its own ecological significance as to its species which is best left to regional committees to design, plan & implement the forest rejuvenation programme with the active participation of the forest dwellers and the surrounding villages. They must be made the equity holders in this programme such that the rejuvenation becomes holistic in that a part of the forest produce providing the basic sustenance of the dependents with the remaining balance fed back to the upkeep of the forest itself so as to gradually minimize the extent of funds from the central authority which would eventually be completely withdrawn as & when the total ecology comes to a state of self sufficiency and inherent enrichment. This programme will have to ensure that there shall be no conventional development activity in the region except those which are identified as directly fortifying the efforts of complete rejuvenation and even this will have to be implemented with the approval of local stake holders.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 6 years ago | Reply
  • Still we are in the adage on

    Still we are in the adage on the danger due to Deforestation,Industrial pollution, man made disasters and other things will contribution lot for through " BIO-DIVERSITY" CLIMATE CHANGE/GLOBAL WARMING/ CARBON EMISSIONS and things will lead to like Himalayan snow hills will be made as water due to over heat and the water will be coming into the sea, then the sea level will sudden increase and around the cities will be submerged, due to this lot people with lot of property damaged===== for which we made a wide spread awareness in rural India and to make afforestation unaccountable saplings in everywhere, because the forest is deforestation from 30% to 12% this gap we are able to fulfill, recommend other alternative things like use CFL bulbs to "SAVE THE POWER" "WATER SAVE" , THESE THINGS WE ALREADY DOING AND MADE A WIDESPREAD AWARENESS AMONG THE MASS IN THE RURAL INDIA. IF YOU GIVE YOUR HELPING HAND WE ARE READY TO AFFORESTATION IN THE LOCAL AREA BY THOUSAND HECTORS WITH FRUIT BEARING AND SHADE SAPLINGS, PL COOPERATE WITH US FOR REDUCE THE GAP WHAT WE DID THE MISTAKE MADE BY THE PEOPLE THAT WE REPLACE.
    Looking forward for your favorable consideration,
    Thanking you in anticipation,

    Yours Sincerely,

    (P.Venkateswara Rao)
    Executive Director
    # Parimpudi
    Koyyalagudem mandal
    West Godavari District
    Andhra Pradesh, S.India
    Phone -08821-237801
    Fax ÔÇô 08821-236850

    Posted by: Anonymous | 6 years ago | Reply
  • it is nice and very useful

    it is nice and very useful article

    Posted by: Anonymous | 6 years ago | Reply
  • What action is taken/can be taken against peoples found chopping down trees? Where complain can be lodged, under which act?

    Posted by: Dr Devang Raval | 3 years ago | Reply
  • Good work

    Posted by: Ragu | 3 years ago | Reply