Social sector spending by UPA regime

The UPA government in its 10 years in power increased spending in social welfare sectors but not on agriculture, the backbone of rural economy

 
By Jitendra
Last Updated: Monday 17 August 2015

Total spending in the past 10 years
Government has increased total spending by 60 per cent since 2004-05
 
Year Expenditure from Union Budget on Social services (in Rs crore) As percentage of total expenditure from Union Budget (%)
2004-05 39,123 7.9
2005-06 49,535 9.8
2006-07 55,246 9.5
2007-08 78,818 11.1
2008-09 1,10,542 12.5
2009-10 1,22,345 11.9
2010-11 1,51,013 12.6
2011-12 1,62,227 12.3
2012-13(BE)* 1,012-2 13
2013-14 (BE) 1,93,043 12
*Budget estimate
 
Spending on education
Total budget outlay marginally increased from 4.65 per cent in 2011-12 (revised estimates) to 4.97 per cent in 2012-13 (budget estimates)
 
Years Expenditure* (in Rs crore)
2004-05 18,026
2005-06 23,211
2006-07 30,638
2007-08 23,953
2008-09 28,986
2009-10 29,434
2010-11 40,309
2011-12 45,377
2013-14(BE) 65,867
*Table shows only Centre's contribution
 
Spending on health
In 2012-13, public expenditure on health accounted for 1.4 per cent of India's GDP. This is significantly lower than that of most developing countries
 
Years Expenditure* (in Rs crore)
2004-05 8,087
2005-06 9,650
2006-07 10,948
2007-08 14,410
2008-09 17,661
2009-10 20,996
2010-11 25,055
2011-12 24,449.94
2012-13(BE) 34,488
2013-14(BE) 37,330
*Centre's contribution
 
Rural development spending
Allocation for Union Ministry of Rural Development has increased more than twofold in the past seven years. For 2013-14, Rs 80,251 crores was allocated to the ministry
 
Years Expenditure* (in Rs crore)
2004-05 18,240.22
2005-06 27,515.08
2006-07 31,021.01
2007-08 37,389.18
2008-09 67,185.81
2009-10 62,606.95
2010-11 82,775
2011-12 68,515
2012-13 (AE) 55,000
2013-14 (BE) 80,194
**Centre's contribution
 
 
Agricultural expenditure
Agriculture provides employment to 67.6 per cent population but total spending on the rural economy has declined from 3.3 per cent of GDP in 2008-09 (actuals) to 2.3 percent of GDP in 2012-13 (BE)
 
Years Agricultural expenditure* (in Rs crore)
2004-05 36,355.92
2005-06 37,593.47
2006-07 48,283.64
2007-08 68,688.83
2008-09 1,40,508.67
2009-10 98,248.55
2010-11 23,819.12
2011-12 23,294.76
2012-13 27,931.59
2013-14 27,041
*Spending includes expenditure on agriculture and allied activities, rural development, special area programmes, irrigation and flood control and village and small industries
 
 
Rural water supply and sanitation
There is continuous increment in spending on rural water supply through National Rural Drinking Water Programme and Sanitation through Total Sanitation Campaign
 
Years Expenditure (in Rs crore)
2004-05 3,301.39
2005-06 4,761.52
2006-07 5,301.63
2007-08 7,461.82
2008-09 8,502.27
2009-10 8,269
2010-11 9,512
2011-12 9000
2012-13(RE) 13,000
2013-14(BE) 15,260
 
 
UPA's flagship programmes
 
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
Expenditure has failed to keep pace with increase in allocations. In 2007-08, over 70 per cent of allocations were spent. This dropped to 61 per cent in 2011-12. Only five per cent of schools met Right To Education criteria after completion of three year deadline. The per student allocation has more than tripled since in 2007-08
 
Years SSA expenditure( in Rs crore)
2004-05 4753.6
2005-06 7166.3
2006-07 10,145.7
2007-08 12,020.2
2008-09 11,940
2009-10 12,826.23
2010-11 19,636.53
2011-12 21000
2012-13 25,555
2013-14(BE) 27,258
 
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)
The allocation for the rural job scheme in 2013-14 was Rs 33,000 crore, which accounts for 41per cent of the total budget of rural development ministry
 
Year Expenditure (in Rs crore)
2006-07 10,170
2007-08 10,800
2008-09 30,000
2009-10(BE) 30,100
2010-11 40,100
2011-12 31,000
2012-13(BE) 33,000
2013-14(BE) 33,000
 
National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)
Allocations for NRHM have been increased three times since 2005-06
 
Year Expenditure
2005-06 6284.58
2006-07 7486.62
2007-08 10,380.40
2008-09 11,239.33
2009-10 13,305.76
2010-11 14,696.77
2011-12 18,115
2012-13(RE) 20,822
2013-14(BE) 21,239
 
Compiled from Planning Commission's working/steering papers, Centre for Budget and Governance Accountability(CBGA) reports, Union Budget and economic surveys (www.indiabudget.nic.in, http://finmin.nic.in/)
 

 


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