Polar bears, sawfish, African lions and the Great Bustard are among the proposed species
As many as 32 vulnerable species were proposed for protection under the United Nations Convention of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS).
The Polar Bear, Red-fronted Gazelle, Hammerhead Shark and the Reef Manta Ray are part of the list proposed at the 11th Conference of the Parties being held in Quito in Ecuador.
Of all proposals, the sawfish is among the most threatened species on the planet, according to an official release by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Other aquatic species include the Cuvier's Beaked Whale, an elusive species which can dive to nearly 3,000 metres according to a study.
These migratory species are facing an increasing threat to their survival due to the loss of habitat, overexploitation, wildlife crime, marine debris and climate change.
"The CMS sets global policies to ensure animals can move freely across international boundaries and establishes rules and guidelines to reduce threats to international wildlife such as by-catch, illegal hunting, trapping, poisoning and capture, and it directly protects some of the rarest and iconic species on the face of the planet," Achim Steiner, UN under-secretary general and executive director of UNEP, said, according to the release.
Species listed on Appendix I of the convention receive full protection while those on Appendix II are supported by trans-boundary conservation measures by countries.
Solutions to protect migratory behaviour of the species have also been proposed. These include improving waste management to prevent marine debris from entering the seas, establishing international arrangements to minimise illegal trafficking and developing guidelines for wildlife-friendly infrastructure that removes barriers to migration.
We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us. Together we build journalism that is independent, credible and fearless. You can further help us by making a donation. This will mean a lot for our ability to bring you news, perspectives and analysis from the ground so that we can make change together.
Comments are moderated and will be published only after the site moderator’s approval. Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name. Selected comments may also be used in the ‘Letters’ section of the Down To Earth print edition.