as many as 14 children suffered burns on November 3, 2006, when toxic material was allegedly dumped by Berger Pakistan (Pvt) Limited in Rahimshah graveyard in Orangi town in Karachi. The children spotted cement bags in the graveyard and took them to their locality in the hope that they would sell them and earn some money. But some of the bags contained a black-colour material that was inflammable and wounded the children when they tried to ignite them.
This incident comes few months after toxic waste affected 21 people, mostly children, in the Sindh Industrial Trading Estate (see 'Industrial waste causes havoc in Karachi' Down To Earth, June 15, 2006). There are confusions galore as evidence of the waste now appears to missing. Laboratory reports are not conclusive either.
An action committee formed after the incident of toxic waste dumping in the Sindh Industrial Trading Estate has on its own filed a petition in the Sindh High Court against dumping of the alleged toxic material in Orangi.
The Sindh Environmental Protection Agency (sepa) had sent samples of the alleged toxic material to the Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories (pcsir). But pcsir failed to zero in on anything. In a letter addressed to a senior scientific officer, sepa, Syeda Rumla Naqvi, industrial liaison officer, pcsir, said, "... It is to inform you that it is useless to do analysis on the said samples. Chemicals when mixed may react to one another or with soil. After the reaction or with time they lose their properties and activity. Now, it is not possible to know what the explosives constituted and what caused the burns."
Abdul Malik Ghouri, the director-general of sepa, says there was no eye-witness to ascertain who was responsible for dumping the waste. Besides, "I have been asked to keep quiet", he says without divulging details on who was trying to pressure him. According to Ghouri, he collected samples of the toxic waste and issued notices to the factory owner, in accordance with the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997. But it now appears that the industrial lobby is trying to hush the case.
People term such incidents as commonplace occurrences. "The Orangi incident points to the apathy on the part of sepa and the health department. Dumping is happening, and most of the time, is not recorded," said Qaiser Sajjad, secretary general, Pakistan Medical Association, Karachi.
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