Globally, about 25 per cent of diseases are caused by environmental exposures, causing 13 million deaths yearly
About 33 per cent of the diseases in children under age five are also caused the same way. Preventing environmental risk could save as many as four million children a year, mostly in developing countries
Polluted water, poor sanitation and smoke inhalation resulting from indoor use of wood-burning stoves are the main risks in most poor countries, including India. Poverty is one of the major obstacles in reducing risk exposure here
Unhealthy environment causes nearly one-third of the deaths and diseases in poor regions. It poses health risks in rich countries too. Noise, work stress and outdoor pollution are affecting health
The study says the 'disability adjusted life years' (dalys) are preventable through healthier environments. daly is a unit that includes years lost when someone dies prematurely, and also takes account of years blighted by chronic disease or disability
Some of the diseases with the largest total annual health burden from environmental factors, in terms of death, illness and dalys are diarrhoea (58 million dalys per year); lower respiratory infections (37 million dalys per year); unintentional injuries other than road traffic injuries (21 million dalys per year); and malaria (19 million dalys per year)
Diseases, caused by environmental factors which can be prevented, cause the most number of deaths. Annually, cardiovascular diseases claim 2.6 million lives, diarrhoeal diseases kill 1.7 million, lower respiratory infections cause 1.5 million deaths, cancers cause 1.4 million deaths and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases cause 1.3 million deaths
Measures to reduce such environmental diseases include promotion of safe household water storage, sanitation, use of cleaner, safer fuels, more judicious use and management of toxic substances in the home and workplace and better water resource management
Source Preventing disease through healthy environments Towards an estimate of the environmental burden of disease, A Pruss Ustun and C Corvlan, WHO
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