The State Water Resources Minister Vinod Palyekar reportedly said that fearing an adverse order, Goa government will not move the apex court on the tribunal's ruling
A ferry approaches Divar Island in the Mandovi river; The tribunal was set up by the Centre in 2010 to decide the sharing of the Mahadayi river’s water among Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra. Credit: Priya Talwar/CSE
At a recent press conference at the State Secretariat, State Water Resources Minister Vinod Palyekar reportedly said that the Goa government will not appeal in the Supreme Court against the Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal award as it feared an adverse order.
He said that the government is happy with the water given to Goa and justice has been served. This is inspite of the fact that people expect Goa to appeal in the apex court, he added.
The minister was talking about the August 14 award by the Tribunal which alloted 3.42 tmcft (including 3.9 tmcft for diversion into the depleted Malaprabha river basin) from the Mahadayi river basin to Karnataka. Maharashtra has been allotted 1.33 tmcft.
The tribunal was set up by the Centre in 2010 to decide the sharing of the Mahadayi river’s water among three riparian states , Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra (see history of the conflict in the box below). The Karnataka government’s plea to divert water from the Mahadayi basin to the water-scarce Malaprabha basin is based on the recommendation of a committee set by the state in 1980 to address the four decades long water deficit.
Goa had strongly opposed any move to divert the waters of the Mahadayi, known as Mandovi in the state, because it meets the drinking water needs of over 43 per cent of Goa. Mahadayi’s basin spreads over 4 per cent in Maharashtra, 18 per cent in Karnataka and 78 per cent in Goa.
Another news report quoted a technical consultant for Goa government in the tribunal case saying that the reason for not appealing is because there is no threat of environmental impact as the quantum of water to be diverted by both the states is negligible.
In July 2016, when the tribunal rejected the plea of Karnataka to divert 7.56 thousand million cubic feet (TMC) of the Mahadayi’s water to the Malaprabha river, protests against the deficit had turned violent especially in Dharwad district in North Karnataka. Read Down To Earth's previous story to know more.
- 1974 The Malaprabha Reservoir project was constructed at Naviluteertha in Belagavi to meet the water needs of Dharwad, Belagavi and Vijayapura
- 1980 The then Karnataka Chief Minister (CM) R Gundu Rao appointed a committee to study water shortage in the Malaprabha river basin. The committee proposed linking Mahadayi with Malaprabha
- 1989 The then Karnataka CM, S R Bommai, reached an understanding with the then CM of Goa, Pratap Singh Rane, to share Mahadayi's water. But the plan failed to take off as the Karnataka government collapsed. Subsequent Goa governments refused to accept the understanding”
- 2000 Karnataka's S M Krishna government decided to take up Kalasa Bandura project, named after the tributaries of Mahadayi
- 2001 Karnataka sought permission from the Centre to divert 7.56 TMC of the Mahadayi water to meet the drinking water needs of Dharwad, Belagavi (formerly known as Belgaum) and Gadag districts
- April 30, 2002 The Union Ministry of Water Resources gave an in-principle clearance to the project
- July 9, 2002 Goa objected and the clearance was placed in abeyance’
- 2006 The Goa government approached the Supreme Court. It also demanded that the Centre set up a tribunal
- 2010 The Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal was set up. Karnataka completed Kalasa canal construction work in non-forest areas. There are reports of destruction of forest areas as well
- 2014 The tribunal refused to stop the Kalasa Bandura project, but directs Karnataka not to divert the Mahadayi's water flow
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