Wildlife & Biodiversity

Nilgai, wild boar declared vermins in Bihar

Nilgais and wild boars frequently damage crops in the western, central and northern parts of the country

By Rajeshwari Ganesan
Last Updated: Monday 14 December 2015

Declaring the nilgai as a vermin will offer some amount of relief to farmers
Credit: Bernard Dupont/Flickr

In a move that will come as a relief for farmers, two animals—the nilgai and wild boars—have been declared as vermins by the Centre in Bihar for a year. This has come into effect from December 1, 2015.

In a notification issued by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, nilgais and wild boars have been declared as vermins “to mitigate the damage to human life, crops and other properties in Bihar and for ensuring conservation”.

While the nilgai has been declared a vermin in 20 districts and in some parts in 11 more districts, the wild boar has been declared a vermin in eight districts of the state and in some parts in two other districts.

Nilgais (Boselaphus tragocamelus) and wild boars (Sus scrofa) both fall under Schedule III of The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (amendments were made to the Act in 1993 and 2002). Section 62 of the Act, says the Centre can declare any animal a vermin for a specified period of time.

Crop raids by nilgais and wild boars occur frequently in the western, central and northern states of the country. Uttarakhand had sought permission to declare nilgais and wild boars as vermins for five years in more than 20 tehsils of Rudraprayag, Almora, Pithoragarh, Champawat, Pauri and Chamoli districts.

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  • Large mammals have difficult times in near future.
    There was a time (even now it is there) we cited the example set by villagers of Buguda-Bhetnoi area of Ganjam district in Odisha when they wanted these antelopes to graze in their agricultural fields. People say, the black buck brings good luck and Laxmi (prosperity) for them, and therefore they have protected these antelopes for generations. Time is changing. Odisha is developing very fast in all spheres. Elephant population of the state, that account for over 75% of the eastern region (formerly central region) population are in constant negative interface with humans. It can be said that elephants have (perhaps) reached the carrying capacity of the state forests. But let us not push elephant to face a fate of Nilgai or Boar so soon. Let us accommodate them as long as we can.

    Posted by: Lala Aswini Kumar Singh | 4 years ago | Reply