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  • Starting in the 1990s, agriculture in India -- particularly in rural India -- has declined at a devastating rate. This has had a calamitous impact on the livelihoods associated with agriculture. Symptoms of this agrarian distress, unprecedented in post-Independent India, is a high rate of suicides amongst farmers. The crisis is characterised by low institutionalised credit to small farmers, predatory lending, lowering farm productivity and deepening indebtedness amongst small farmers.
    Between 1995 and 2014 2,96,438 farmers have committed suicide in India. On average, 3,685 farmers in the state took their lives every year between 2004-13.
    According to P. Sainath, a leading Indian journalist who reports on the rural India and its unprecedented economic crisis, for the first time as per 2011 Census of India urban India added more to its population than rural India. This implies that millions of people earlier engaged in agriculture are roaming around the India in "footloose migration" search for daily wages. This points to the destruction of livelihoods in the predominantly agrarian rural India. Another evidence for a major agrarian crisis in India is the very high rate in which people are leaving occupations associated with farming.
    Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP)

    Posted by: Anumakonda Jagadeesh | 3 months ago | Reply
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