Clean Up Your Act: The State of Sanitation in India (e-book)

Thursday 19 May 2016
Clean Up Your Act: The State of Sanitation in India (e-book)

Digital version

  • $ 12.00

Of the 1 billion people globally who have no toilet, India accounts for nearly 600 million. Fifty per cent of India’s population defecates in the open. Well-designed communication and awareness campaigns connecting sanitation to health and women’s dignity and outcome-based monitoring are vital. Community-centric programmes under strong leadership can usher in a clean India.

Ensuring basic hygiene for all is a major task for the Indian government. Recent National Sample Survey Office data underlined the abysmal state of sanitation in the country, especially rural India where two thirds of the country lives.

Huge discrepancies in data on toilets from different government departments mean that the impact of sanitation programmes is difficult to gauge. The net result, however, is unimproved sanitation coverage and compromised health.

What is clear is that the programmes had large leakages.  Sikkim, Haryana and Kerala, nevertheless, excelled in sanitation programmes, with Sikkim topping with 100 per cent sanitation coverage. Gujarat failed badly; the restricted role of beneficiaries, poor technological options that did not cater to their needs, and lack of awareness contributed to this state of affairs. The delivery mechanism was also faulty.

The recent Swachh Bharat Mission claims to be more focused on monitoring and is said to be filling lacunae. Success stories demonstrate that political and administrative will can eradicate open defecation.

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  • Hardcore people in rural areas is a barrier to reach the milestone,ie,cent percent coverage
    here.Even well designed motivating programes could not make them able to buy and build a low cost sanitary latrine.This is one instance for lagging access to sanitation coverage.There are of course solution to improve access to sanitation.In the past there
    were rosy targets set to reach milestone(100% access).But that does not work,& targets unachieved.This is not so easy.we must not haste,rather bringing dedication & scaling down unproductive expenditures could relieve the sitution responsible for slowing down desired access.lastly strategies must be identified to help people in the rural areas through making hardcore poor friendly san itation projects,so as to improve access.

    Posted by: Fareeduddin Ahmed | 6 months ago | Reply
  • An Eye-opener:

    Individual independent Toilets also form an important part of the present Swachh Bharat Mission. These toilets are termed as Lame-latrines (Pangu Shauchalaya), as they do not have excreta processing unit attached to it.. When compared with he disciplined method (Cat method) of Open Defecation outside the village / town, one finds that the gas (Methane) emitting life span of human excreta in the first case is almost 10 times longer than that in the later one. That means the above type of toilets with flush system are 10 times more harmful to the environment and public health than the Open Defecation at assigned locations (ODAL system), due to emission of deadly GHG Methane.

    That means our present thrust to construct on mass scale "Pangu Shauchalaya" runs directly against the recently concluded "Paris Declaration' and as such, it should be abandoned forthwith. Construction of Bio-centres or bio-Toilets can only be permitted in he interest of our Environment and Public health.

    Why should the Authorities be not taken to the court for playing havoc with public health by constructing Lame-Latrines and then coercing the public to use them ?

    Posted by: Dr. Jeoraj Jain | 5 months ago | Reply
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