Around three years ago, I got an opportunity to meet Chandi Prasad Bhat. He was lecturing on how poor villagers in Uttaranchal hugged trees and
prevented them from being cut down. The lecture on the Chipko movement got me thinking on environmental activism in my home state, West
Environmental activism doesn't mean merely raising a debate in the media. But that's what a lot of people, claiming to be environmental activists, do.
Their pursuits, however well-meaning, are rendered futile by the inability to tackle problems at the grassroots level. Besides, environmental activism
needs expert guidance. A number of movements have been nipped in the bud because they have not taken a proper approach: an issue has been
raised in the public domain, it has generated heat, but then the matter has fizzled out.In Kolkata, for example, there have been many debates to
protect the city's water bodies from the urban sprawl, but not a single blue patch has been saved.
The story of a lake
A case in point is the gradual loss of Bikramgarh Jheel. The around 14-hectare lake in South Kolkata is being encroached by influential promoters and
businessmen to construct the South City housing complex. The lake is important to local residents for several reasons. It is important in recharging
the depleting groundwater levels of the area, and is also home to an amazing array of biodiversity. In a brief study in 2004, this author found about
32 kinds of flora (both aquatic and terrestrial), varied fauna and 22 kinds of birds in this lake. A petition was filed against the encroachments of the
lake in the Calcutta High Court, about a year and half back. It is still pending, while the West Bengal Chief Minister has inaugurated the housing
complex. So why file a petition on such a sensitive issue if it's not followed up properly?
This author tried contacting the media on the issue. But was told that it's an old issue, and needed no further pursuing. One media representative
told me that any further coverage of the issue would result in loss of advertisement revenue from the Emami group--one of the important
shareholders of the South City complex.
I did manage to find some print space in a leading Kolkata daily. But all mention about corruption and illegality had been cleverly edited and the story
seemed like a nostalgic requiem to a lost lake. But I do not want to rant against the media. My aim in bringing up this personal experience was to
highlight the futility of conducting environmental activism through the media.
The media response to the Bikramgarh Jheel issue is also symptomatic of another malaise: the environment is a much-trivialised matter. For, almost
everyone can claim to be an 'environmentalist'. Environment is an easy catch to get people into media limelight. Never mind that this involves
attenuation of absurd levels.
The casual attitude has pervaded even the teaching of environmental studies. It is not mandatory to have a specialisation in this subject. If
someone with a specialisation in history can teach environmental studies, will a specialist in environmental sciences be allowed to teach history? But
many stress on the interdisciplinary character of environmental studies. They have a valid argument. I do not dispute that teaching environmental
studies requires an understanding of subjects like history, geography, economics and politics. But then the subject also presupposes knowledge
about the environment. How many of those who teach the subject can claim to have such knowledge? Of course, 'environment lovers' there are a
plenty. But that does not qualify for specialisation in environmental studies. For that a sustained engagement with the environment at the
grassroots level or in academia is a must.
It's time the terms, 'environmentalist', 'environment-lover', and 'environmental activist' are clarified.
Kaustuv Basu is a research student at the School of Environmental Sciences in Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi
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